Form 6-K Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corp

6-K - Report of foreign issuer [Rules 13a-16 and 15d-16]

Published: 2018-04-12 18:16:01
Submitted: 2018-04-13
Period Ending In: 2017-12-31
f6k_041218.htm FORM 6-K


ENT> 6-K 1 f6k_041218.htm FORM 6-K

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

Form 6-K

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 or 15d-16 UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the month of April 2018

 

Commission File No. 001-32500

 

TANZANIAN ROYALTY EXPLORATION CORPORATION

(Translation of registrant’s name into English)

 

82 Richmond Street East, Suite 200, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1P1 Canada

(Address of principal executive office)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under the cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F

 

Form 20-F ☒  Form 40-F  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1): ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):   ☐

 

Documents included as part of this Report:

 

 

   
Exhibit No.
Document
   
99.1
Interim financial statements/report
99.2 Interim MD&A
99.3 52-109F2 - Certification of interim filings - CEO
99.4 52-109F2 - Certification of interim filings - CFO

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

   
TANZANIAN ROYALTY EXPLORATION CORPORATION  
(Registrant)
 

 

 

     
By:
/s/ James Sinclair
 
 
James E. Sinclair
 
 

President and Director

 

 

 

     
Date:
April
12, 2018
 

 

 

 

 

 

exh_991.htm EXHIBIT 99.1


ENT> EX-99.1 2 exh_991.htm EXHIBIT 99.1

Exhibit 99.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

 

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated

Financial Statements

 

For the three and six month periods ended

February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

 

 

 

 

NOTICE TO READER

 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation’s independent auditors have not performed a review of these financial statements in accordance with standards established by CPA Canada for a review of interim financial statements by an entity’s auditor.

 

 

 

 

MANAGEMENT’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL REPORTING

 

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation, are the responsibility of the management and Board of Directors of the Company.

 

The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared by management, on behalf of the Board of Directors, in accordance with the accounting policies disclosed in the notes to the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements. Where necessary, management has made informed judgments and estimates in accounting for transactions which were not complete at the statement of financial position date. In the opinion of management, the interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared within acceptable limits of materiality and are in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting of International Financial Reporting Standards using accounting policies consistent with International Financial Reporting Standards appropriate in the circumstances.

 

Management has established systems of internal control over the financial reporting process, which are designed to provide reasonable assurance that relevant and reliable financial information is produced.

 

The Board of Directors is responsible for reviewing and approving the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements together with other financial information of the Company and for ensuring that management fulfills its financial reporting responsibilities. An Audit Committee assists the Board of Directors in fulfilling this responsibility. The Audit Committee meets with management to review the financial reporting process and the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements together with other financial information of the Company. The Audit Committee reports its findings to the Board of Directors for its consideration in approving the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements together with other financial information of the Company for issuance to the shareholders.

 

Management recognizes its responsibility for conducting the Company’s affairs in compliance with established financial standards, and applicable laws and regulations, and for maintaining proper standards of conduct for its activities.

 

 

“Jeffrey R. Duval”   “Marco Guidi”  
Jeffrey R. Duval   Marco Guidi  
Acting Chief Executive Officer   Chief Financial Officer  

 

 

 

 2 

 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation  

 

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)  

 

As at  February 28,
2018
   August 31,
2017
 
         
Assets          
Current Assets          
Cash
(Note 15)
  $430,100   $1,011,293 
Other receivables
(Note 11)
   255,936    329,008 
Inventory
(Note 14)
   514,175    507,489 
Prepaid and other assets
(Note 12)
   57,651    74,298 
    1,257,862    1,922,088 
Property, plant and equipment (Note 4)   2,363,073    2,510,697 
Mineral properties and deferred exploration (Note 3)   48,242,704    46,920,303 
   $51,863,639   $51,353,088 
           
Liabilities          
Current Liabilities          
Trade, other payables and accrued liabilities
(Note 13)
  $5,066,470   $5,216,703 
Leases payable
(Note 4)
   61,515    56,631 
Convertible loan
(Note 22)
   1,870,413    865,656 
Gold bullion loans
(Note 20)
   4,181,738    2,335,474 
    11,180,136    8,474,464 
Warrant liability (Note 5)   4,850,000    4,850,000 
Gold bullion loans (Note 20)   -    1,059,524 
Asset Retirement Obligation (Note 18)   722,270    715,057 
    16,752,406    15,099,045 
Shareholders’ equity          
Share capital
(Note 5)
   125,439,832    125,174,377 
Share based payment reserve
(Note 7)
   8,943,621    7,674,233 
Warrants reserve
(Note 6)
   1,248,037    1,248,037 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss    (1,531,168)   (2,176,352)
Accumulated deficit    (99,613,427)   (96,566,577)
Equity attributable to owners of the Company   34,486,895    35,353,718 
Non-controlling interests
(Note 19, 3(a))
   624,338    900,325 
Total shareholders’ equity   35,111,233    36,254,043 
   $51,863,639   $51,353,088 

Nature of operations and Going Concern (Note 1)

Segmented information (Note 16)

Commitments (Notes 3 and 17)

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements

 

 3 

 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation  

 

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)  

 

   Three months ended
February 28,
2018
   Three months ended
February 28,
2017
   Six months ended
February 28,
2018
   Six months ended
February 28,
2017
 
Administrative expenses                    
Depreciation (Note 4)
  $94,829   $105,502   $193,157   $210,991 
Consulting (Note 8)
   229,403    179,759    463,341    338,191 
Directors’ fees (Note 8)
   27,907    40,716    55,813    125,547 
Office and general   29,867    52,119    58,112    95,384 
Shareholder information   101,536    207,695    158,422    228,176 
Professional fees (Note 8)
   160,208    201,918    278,939    515,039 
Salaries and benefits (Note 5)
   155,739    116,358    259,267    226,851 
Share based payments (Note 5)
   276,318    411,785    1,125,908    1,044,873 
Travel and accommodation   3,516    5,992    16,922    19,632 
    (1,079,323)   (1,321,844)   (2,609,881)   (2,804,684)
Other income (expenses)                    
Foreign exchange gain   (9,819)   114,204    86,197    (36,397)
Interest, net   (3,349)   (5,617)   (6,494)   (12,273)
Interest accretion (Note 20 and 22)
   (274,769)   (125,617)   (532,541)   (309,652)
Accretion on asset retirement obligation (Note 18)
   (2,772)   (2,729)   (5,544)   (5,478)
Finance costs (Note 21)
   (119,836)   (78,492)   (251,613)   (173,989)
Exploration costs   (3,610)   (5,282)   (7,414)   (11,042)
Interest on leases (Note 4)
   (2,405)   1,151    (4,885)   (9,080)
Gain (loss) on disposal of property, plant and equipment   (775)   (72)   (775)   10,061 
Gain (loss) on shares issued for settlement of debt (Note 5, 20 and 22)   3,817    17,078    10,423    (73,408)
Write off of mineral properties and deferred exploration costs (Note 3)   -    (57,656)   -    (57,656)
Withholding tax costs   -    -    (310)   - 
Net loss  $(1,492,841)  $(1,464,876)  $(3,322,837)  $(3,483,598)
Other comprehensive loss                    
Foreign currency translation   (324,519)   (825,214)   645,184    177,490 
Comprehensive loss  $(1,817,360)  $(2,290,090)  $(2,677,653)  $(3,306,108)
                     
Loss attributable to:                    
Parent   (1,407,051)   (1,346,766)   (3,046,850)   (3,401,083)
Non-controlling interests   (85,790)   (118,110)   (275,987)   (82,515)
   $(1,492,841)  $(1,464,876)  $(3,322,837)  $(3,483,598)
Comprehensive loss attributable to:                    
Parent   (2,004,913)   (916,040)   (2,967,986)   (3,385,979)
Non-controlling interests   187,553    (371,346)   290,333    79,871 
   $(1,817,360)  $(1,287,386)  $(2,677,653)  $(3,306,108)
                     
Loss per share – basic and diluted attributable to Parent  $(0.01)  $(0.01)  $(0.03)  $(0.03)
Weighted average # of shares outstanding – basic and diluted   122,407,283    117,459,829    122,523,958    116,141,836 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements

 4 

 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

 

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

 

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

 

 
 
Share Capital 
 
 
Reserves
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Share
based
payments
 
 
Warrants
 
 
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income
 
 
Accumulated
deficit
 
 
Owner's
equity
 
 
Non-
controlling
interests
 
 
Total
equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at September 1, 2016
 
 
109,068,492
 
 
$
122,380,723
 
 
$
1,066,863
 
 
$
941,037
 
 
$
-
 
 
$
(90,600,819
)
 
$
33,787,804
 
 
$
1,368,679
 
 
$
35,156,483
 
Issued for private placement, net of issuance costs
 
 
7,197,543
 
 
 
5,589,501
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
5,589,501
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
5,589,501
 
Warrants issued on private placement
 
 
 
 
 
 
(6,592,000
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(6,592,000
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
(6,592,000
)
Agent warrants issued on private placement
 
 
 
 
 
 
(92,000
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
92,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
Issued pursuant to Restricted Share Unit ("RSU") Plan (Note 5)
 
 
354,137
 
 
 
482,749
 
 
 
(482,749
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
Shares issued for interest on gold loans and convertible loans (Note 20 & 22)
 
 
413,908
 
 
 
300,808
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
300,808
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
300,808
 
Issued for settlement of leases (Note 4)
 
 
458,329
 
 
 
288,747
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
288,747
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
288,747
 
Issued for settlement of amounts due to related parties (Note 8)
 
 
187,321
 
 
 
131,998
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
131,998
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
131,998
 
Reversal of warrant liability upon change of functional currency to USD
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
215,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
215,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
215,000
 
Reversal of derivative in gold bullion loans upon change of functional
currency to USD
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
5,051,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
5,051,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
5,051,000
 
Reversal of derivative in gold convertible loans upon change of
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
functional currency to USD
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
108,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
108,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
108,000
 
Share based compensation - RSU
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
198,467
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
198,467
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
198,467
 
Share based compensation - Stock options
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,049,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,049,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,049,000
 
RSU shares forfeited (Note 5)
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(123,569
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(123,569
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
(123,569
)
Exchange on translation of foreign subsidiaries
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
177,490
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
177,490
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
177,490
 
Total comprehensive income (loss) for the period
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(3,401,083
)
 
 
(3,401,083
)
 
 
(82,515
)
 
 
(3,483,598
)
Balance at February 28, 2017
 
 
117,679,730
 
 
$
122,490,526
 
 
$
6,867,012
 
 
$
1,248,037
 
 
$
177,490
 
 
$
(94,001,902
)
 
$
36,781,163
 
 
$
1,286,164
 
 
$
38,067,327
 
Issued pursuant to Restricted Share Unit ("RSU") Plan (Note 5)
 
 
341,854
 
 
 
558,241
 
 
 
(558,241
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
Shares issued for interest on gold loans and convertible loans (Note 20 & 22)
 
 
400,181
 
 
 
241,639
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
241,639
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
241,639
 
Issued for settlement of convertible loans (Note 22)
 
 
83,333
 
 
 
49,166
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
49,166
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
49,166
 
Shares issued as financing fee for convertible loans (Note 22)
 
 
132,577
 
 
 
92,805
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
92,805
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
92,805
 
Exercise of warrants
 
 
3,146,944
 
 
 
1,742,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,742,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,742,000
 
Conversion component of convertible loans (Note 22)
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
625,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
625,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
625,000
 
Share based compensation - RSU
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
64,462
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
64,462
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
64,462
 
Share based compensation - Stock options
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
676,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
676,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
676,000
 
Exchange on translation of foreign subsidiaries
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(2,353,842
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
(2,353,842
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
(2,353,842
)
Total comprehensive loss for the period
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(2,564,675
)
 
 
(2,564,675
)
 
 
(385,839
)
 
 
(2,950,514
)
Balance at August 31, 2017
 
 
121,784,619
 
 
$
125,174,377
 
 
$
7,674,233
 
 
$
1,248,037
 
 
$
(2,176,352
)
 
$
(96,566,577
)
 
$
35,353,718
 
 
$
900,325
 
 
$
36,254,043
 
Shares issued for interest on gold loans and convertible loans (Note 20 & 22)
 
 
437,745
 
 
 
174,138
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
174,138
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
174,138
 
Shares issued as financing fee for convertible loans (Note 22)
 
 
214,864
 
 
 
91,317
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
91,317
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
91,317
 
Conversion component of convertible loans (Note 22)
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
137,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
137,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
137,000
 
Share based compensation - Stock options
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,095,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,095,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
1,095,000
 
Share based compensation - RSU
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
41,308
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
41,308
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
41,308
 
RSU shares forfeited (Note 5)
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(3,920
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(3,920
)
 
 
-
 
 
 
(3,920
)
Exchange on translation of foreign subsidiaries
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
645,184
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
645,184
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
645,184
 
Total comprehensive loss for the period
 
 
 
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
(3,046,850
)
 
 
(3,046,850
)
 
 
(275,987
)
 
 
(3,322,837
)
Balance at February 28, 2018
 
 
122,437,228
 
 
$
125,439,832
 
 
$
8,943,621
 
 
$
1,248,037
 
 
$
(1,531,168
)
 
$
(99,613,427
)
 
$
34,486,895
 
 
$
624,338
 
 
$
35,111,233
 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements

 5 

 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

 

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

 

Six month periods ended February 28,  2018   2017 
Operating        
Net loss  $(3,322,837)  $(3,483,598)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash flow from operating activities:          
Depreciation   193,157    210,991 
Share based payments   1,125,908    1,044,873 
Accretion on asset retirement obligation   5,544    5,478 
Interest accretion   532,541    309,652 
Foreign exchange   (20,792)   (24,386)
Shares issued for payment of interest on bullion loans   184,561    168,004 
(Gain) loss on shares issued for settlement of debt   (10,423)   73,408 
Gain on sale of property, plant and equipment   -    (10,061)
Non cash directors’ fees   -    69,734 
Net change in non-cash operating working capital items:          
Other receivables   73,072    (31,585)
Inventory   (6,686)   (4,588)
Prepaid expenses   16,647    93,801 
Trade, other payables and accrued liabilities   (98,515)   (528,858)
Cash used in operations   (1,327,823)   (2,107,135)
Investing          
Mineral properties and exploration expenditures, net of recoveries   (571,137)   (1,052,375)
Property, plant and equipment, net of proceeds from sale    -    1,150 
Cash used in investing activities   (571,137)   (1,051,225)
Financing          
Proceeds - private placements    -    5,589,501 
Loans (repayment) of loans from related parties    -    (80,318)
Interest on leases    4,884    11,523 
Proceeds from convertible loans    667,408    - 
Proceeds from gold bullion loans   645,475    - 
Cash provided by financing activities   1,317,767    5,520,706 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (581,193)   2,362,346 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   1,011,293    84,913 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

  $430,100   $3,663,854 

 

 

 

 6 

 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

 

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

 

Supplementary information:  2018   2017 
Non-cash transactions:          
Share based payments capitalized to mineral properties  $6,480   $9,290 
Shares issued pursuant to RSU plan   -    482,749 
Shares issued for interest on gold loans   174,138    300,808 
Shares issued as financing fee for convertible loans   91,317    - 

 

 

 

 

 

 7 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

1.Nature of Operations and Going Concern

 

The Company was originally incorporated under the corporate name “424547 Alberta Ltd.” in the Province of Alberta on July 5, 1990, under the Business Corporations Act (Alberta). The name was changed to “Tan Range Exploration Corporation” on August 13, 1991. The name of the Company was again changed to “Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation” (“TREC” or the “Company”) on February 28, 2006. The address of the Company’s registered office is 82 Richmond Street East, Suite 208, Toronto, Ontario, M5C 1P1, Canada. The Company’s principal business activity is in the exploration and development of mineral property interests. The Company’s mineral properties are located in United Republic of Tanzania (“Tanzania”).

 

The Company is in the process of exploring and evaluating its mineral properties. The business of exploring and mining for minerals involves a high degree of risk. The underlying value of the mineral properties is dependent upon the existence and economic recovery of mineral resources and reserves, the ability to raise long-term financing to complete the development of the properties, government policies and regulations, and upon future profitable production or, alternatively, upon the Company’s ability to dispose of its interest on an advantageous basis; all of which are uncertain.

 

The amounts shown as mineral properties and deferred expenditures represent costs incurred to date, less amounts amortized and/or written off, and do not necessarily represent present or future values. The underlying value of the mineral properties is entirely dependent on the existence of economically recoverable reserves, securing and maintaining title and beneficial interest, the ability of the Company to obtain the necessary financing to complete development, and future profitable production.

 

At February 28, 2018 the Company had a working capital deficiency of $9,922,274 (August 31, 2017 – $6,552,376 working capital deficiency), had not yet achieved profitable operations, has accumulated losses of $99,613,427. The Company will require additional financing in order to conduct its planned work programs on mineral properties, meet its ongoing levels of corporate overhead and discharge its future liabilities as they come due.

 

The Company’s current funding sources and taking into account the working capital position and capital requirements at February 28, 2018, indicate the existence of a material uncertainty that raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and is dependent on the Company raising additional debt or equity financing. The Company must obtain additional funding in order to continue development and construction of the Buckreef Project. The Company is continuing to pursue additional financing to fund the construction of the Buckreef Project and additional projects. Whilst the Company has been successful in obtaining financing in the past, there is no assurance that such additional funding and/or project financing will be obtained or obtained on commercially favourable terms.

 

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not give effect to any adjustment which would be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern and, therefore, be required to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in other than the normal course of business and at amounts different from those reflected in the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 8 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

2.Basis of Preparation

 

2.1 Statement of compliance

 

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, including comparatives, have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standards (“IAS”) 34 ‘Interim Financial Reporting’ (“IAS 34”) using accounting policies consistent with the International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) and Interpretations of the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (“IFRIC”).

 

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements were approved and authorized by the Board of Directors of the Company on April 12, 2018.

 

2.2 Basis of presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements of the Company as at and for the three and six month periods ended February 28, 2018 and 2017 comprise of the Company and its subsidiaries (together referred to as the “Company” or “Group”).

 

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of accounting policies and methods of computation consistent with those applied in the Company’s August 31, 2017 annual financial statements.

 

2.3 Adoption of new and revised standards and interpretations

 

New standards and interpretations to be adopted in future

 

At the date of authorization of these Financial Statements, the IASB and IFRIC has issued the following new and revised Standards and Interpretations which are not yet effective for the relevant reporting periods and which the Company has not early adopted these standards, amendments and interpretations. However, the Company is currently assessing what impact the application of these standards or amendments will have on the consolidated financial statements of the Company.

 

 IFRS 9 Financial Instruments. IFRS 9 covers the classification and measurement, impairment and hedge accounting of financial assets and financial liabilities and the effective date is for annual periods on or after January 1, 2018, with earlier application permitted. The Company is assessing the impact of adopting IFRS 9 but does not expect it will have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements. Amendments to IFRS 9 also provide relief from the requirement to restate comparative financial statements for the effect of applying IFRS 9. Instead, additional transition disclosures will be required to help investors understand the effect that the initial application of IFRS 9 has on the classification and measurement of financial instruments.
   
IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers. In May 2014, the IASB issued IFRS 15, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. IFRS 15 specifies how and when to recognize revenue as well as requires entities to provide users of financial statements with more informative, relevant disclosures. The standard supersedes IAS 18, Revenue, IAS 11, Construction Contracts, and a number of revenue-related interpretations. Application of the standard is mandatory for all IFRS reporters and it applies to nearly all contracts with customers: the main exceptions are leases, financial instruments and insurance contracts. IFRS 15 must be applied in an entity’s first annual IFRS financial statements for periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018. Application of the standard is mandatory and early adoption is permitted. The Company has not yet determined the impact of the amendments on the Company’s financial statements.

 

 

 9 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

 

2.Basis of Preparation (continued)

 

2.3 Adoption of new and revised standards and interpretations (continued)

 

New standards and interpretations to be adopted in future (continued)

 

IFRS 16 - In 2016, the IASB issued IFRS 16, Leases (“IFRS 16”), replacing IAS 17, Leases and related interpretations. The standard introduces a single on-balance sheet recognition and measurement model for lessees, eliminating the distinction between operating and finance leases. Lessors continue to classify leases as finance and operating leases. IFRS 16 becomes effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019, and is to be applied retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted if IFRS 15, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“IFRS 15”) has been adopted. The Company is assessing the impact of the amendments on the Company’s financial statements, but does not anticipate that the impact will be significant.

 

3.Mineral Properties

 

The Company explores or acquires gold or other precious metal concessions through its own efforts or through the efforts of its subsidiaries. All of the Company’s concessions are located in Tanzania.

 

The Company’s mineral interests in Tanzania are initially held under prospecting licenses granted pursuant to the Mining Act, 2010 (Tanzania) for a period of up to four years, and are renewable two times for a period of up to two years each. Annual rental fees for prospecting licenses are based on the total area of the license measured in square kilometres, multiplied by USD$100/sq.km for the initial period, USD$150/sq.km for the first renewal and USD$200/sq.km for the second renewal. With each renewal at least 50% of the licensed area, if greater than 20 square kilometres, must be relinquished and if the Company wishes to keep the relinquished one-half portion, it must file a new application for the relinquished portion. There is also an initial one-time “preparation fee” of USD$500 per license. Upon renewal, there is a renewal fee of USD$300 per license.

 

Section 30 of the Mining Act states that the amount that is to be spent on prospecting operations is to be prescribed by Regulation.

 

Period Minimum expenditure (US$)
Initial period (4 years) $500 per sq km for annum
First renewal (3 years) $1,000 per sq km for annum
Second renewal (2 years) $2,000 per sq km for annum

 

Certain of the Company’s prospecting licenses are currently being renewed.

 

The Company assessed the carrying value of mineral properties and deferred exploration costs as at February 28, 2018 and recorded a write-down of $nil during the six month period ended February 28, 2018 (2017 - $57,656).

 10 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

3.Mineral Properties (continued)

 

The continuity of expenditures on mineral properties is as follows:

 

   Buckreef
(a)
   Kigosi
(b)
   Itetemia
(c)
   Luhala
(d)
   Total 
                     
Balance, September 1, 2016  $24,034,731   $12,454,254   $5,962,715   $3,351,158   $45,802,858 
Exploration expenditures:                         
Camp, field supplies and travel   187,940    19,565    -    -    207,505 
License fees and exploration and field overhead   2,527,005    67,942    17,738    5,988    2,618,673 
Geological consulting and field wages   206,722    -    -    -    206,722 
Geophysical and geochemical   -    -    -    -    - 
Property acquisition costs   168,284    -    -    -    168,284 
Trenching and drilling   -    -    -    -    - 
Recoveries   (25,408)   -    -    -    (25,408)
Foreign exchange translation   (1,037,832)   (513,491)   (244,842)   (137,449)   (1,933,614)
    2,026,711    (425,984)   (227,104)   (131,461)   1,242,162 
    26,061,442    12,028,270    5,735,611    3,219,697    47,045,020 
Write-offs   -    (124,717)   -    -    (124,717)
Balance, August 31, 2017  $26,061,442   $11,903,553   $5,735,611   $3,219,697   $46,920,303 
Exploration expenditures:                         
Camp, field supplies and travel   140,609    14,843    -    -    155,452 
License fees and exploration and field overhead   342,297    -    -    -    342,297 
Geological consulting and field wages   14,089    -    -    -    14,089 
Geophysical and geochemical   -    -    -    -    - 
Property acquisition costs   -    -    -    -    - 
Trenching and drilling   14,061    -    -    -    14,061 
Recoveries   -    -    -    -    - 
Foreign exchange translation   442,445    202,042    97,348    54,667    796,502 
    953,501    216,885    97,348    54,667    1,322,401 
    27,014,943    12,120,438    5,832,959    3,274,364    48,242,704 
Write-offs   -    -    -    -    - 
Balance, February 28, 2018  $27,014,943   $12,120,438   $5,832,959   $3,274,364   $48,242,704 

 

 

 11 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

3.Mineral Properties (continued)

 

(a) Buckreef Gold Project:

 

On December 21, 2010, the Company announced it was the successful bidder for the Buckreef Gold Mine Re-development Project in northern Tanzania (the “Buckreef Project”). Pursuant to the agreement dated December 16, 2010, the Company paid USD $3,000,000 to the State Mining Company (“Stamico”). On October 25, 2011, a Definitive Joint Venture Agreement was entered into with Stamico for the development of the Buckreef Gold Project. Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Tanzam, the Company holds a 55% interest in the joint venture company, Buckreef Gold Company Limited, with Stamico holding the remaining 45%.

 

The Company has 100% control over all aspects of the joint venture. In accordance with the joint venture agreement, the Company has to arrange financing, incur expenditures, make all decisions and operate the mine in the future. The Company’s obligations and commitments include completing a preliminary economic assessment, feasibility study and mine development. Stamico’s involvement is to contribute the licences and rights to the property and receive a 45% interest in Buckreef Project.

 

The joint venture agreement contains an obligation clause regarding the commissioning date for the plant. The clause becomes effective only in the event the property is not brought into production before a specified future date which was originally estimated to be in December 2015. The Company shall be entitled to extend the date for one additional year:  

 

i) for the extension year, on payment to Stamico of US$500,000;

ii) for the second extension year, on payment to Stamico of US$625,000; and

iii) for each subsequent extension year, on payment to Stamico of US$750,000.

 

The Company has received a request letter from Stamico regarding the status of the penalty payment and has responded that no penalty is due at this time. The Company has received a subsequent letter from Stamico regarding request for payment. It remains the Company’s position that no penalty is due at this time, but the Company and Stamico have been engaged in settlement discussions to resolve this issue, and a payment of $172,330 has been made in connection with the settlement discussions to be applied towards the amount owing with the remainder to be paid out of proceeds of production.

 

The Company has recognized a non-controlling interest (NCI) in respect of Stamico’s 45% interest in the Consolidated Financial Statements based on the initial payment by the Company to Stamico and will be adjusted based on annual exploration and related expenditures. Stamico has a free carried interest and does not contribute to exploration expenses.

 

There is a supervisory board made up of 4 directors of Tanzam and 3 directors of Stamico, whom are updated with periodic reports and review major decisions. Amounts paid to Stamico and subsequent expenditures on the property are capitalized under Mineral Properties or Inventories for costs directly related to the extraction and processing of ore and reported under Buckreef Gold Company Limited.

 

 12 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

3.Mineral Properties (continued)

 

(b) Kigosi:

 

The Kigosi Project is principally located within the Kigosi Game Reserve controlled area. Through prospecting and mining option agreements, the Company has options to acquire interests in several Kigosi prospecting licenses. The Company has an agreement with Stamico providing Stamico a 15% carried interest in the Kigosi Project.

 

The Kigosi Mining License was granted by the Ministry of Energy and Minerals to Tanzam, (wholly owned subsidiary of Tanzanian Royalty). The official signing ceremony of the Kigosi Mining License was held in October 2013 and was attended by the Company and Ministry for Energy and Minerals representatives. The area remains subject to a Game Reserve Declaration Order. Upon repeal or amendment of that order by degazzeting the respective license by the Tanzanian Government, the Company will be legally entitled to exercise its rights under the Mineral Rights and Mining Licence.

 

During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the Company decided to abandon certain licenses within the Kigosi project as they come up for renewal, as such, a write off of $nil was taken for these licenses related to the property (year ended August 31, 2017 - $124,717).

 

(c) Itetemia Project:

 

Through prospecting and mining option agreements, the Company has options to acquire interests in several ltetemia property prospecting licenses. The prospecting licenses comprising the Itetemia property are held by the Company; through the Company's subsidiaries, Tancan or Tanzam. In the case of one prospecting license, Tancan acquired its interest pursuant to the Stamico Venture Agreement dated July 12, 1994, as amended June 18, 2001, July 2005, and October 13, 2008.

 

Stamico retains a 2% royalty interest as well as a right to earn back an additional 20% interest in the prospecting license by meeting 20% of the costs required to place the property into production. The Company retains the right to purchase one-half of Stamico's 2% royalty interest in exchange for USD$1,000,000.

 

The Company is required to pay Stamico an annual option fee of USD$25,000 per annum until commercial production.

 

During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the Company did not abandon any licenses in the area and no write off was taken in this area (year ended August 31, 2017 - $nil) related to deferred exploration costs associated with licenses the Company does not intend to renew.

 

(d) Luhala Project:

 

The Company has selected a consultant to prepare the resource report for the Luhala Project in anticipation of filing for a Mining License for development of the site. Once funds are available the contract to engage the Consultant to carry out the work will be initiated.

 

During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the Company did not abandon any licenses in the area and no write off was taken in this area (year ended August 31, 2017 - $nil).

 

 

 13 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

4.Property, plant and equipment

 

   Drilling
equipment
   Automotive   Computer
Equipment
   Machinery and
equipment
   Leasehold
improvements
   Heap leach
pads
   Construction-
in-progress *
   Total 
Cost                                
As at September 1, 2016  $464,487   $191,368   $99,636   $1,705,959   $100,328   $1,496,078   $1,379,012   $5,436,868 
Disposals   -    (47,967)   (32,462)   (81,990)   -    -    -    (162,419)
Foreign exchange   (19,662)   (7,943)   (4,079)   (71,028)   (4,215)   (64,262)   (62,155)   (233,344)
As at August 31, 2017  $444,825   $135,458   $63,095   $1,552,941   $96,113   $1,431,816   $1,316,857   $5,041,105 
Additions   -    -    -    -    -    -    3,341    3,341 
Disposals   -    (135,458)   (3,484)   -    -    -    -    (138,942)
Foreign exchange   8,258    -    1,134    27,465    1,744    27,865    28,889    95,355 
As at February 28, 2018  $453,083   $-   $60,745   $1,580,406   $97,857   $1,459,681   $1,349,087   $5,000,859 
Accumulated depreciation                                        
As at September 1, 2016  $288,172   $167,827   $93,205   $1,317,633   $66,481   $453,182   $-   $2,386,500 
Depreciation expense   11,754    3,062    8,728    87,072    7,036    304,331    -    421,983 
Disposals   -    (35,233)   (49,672)   (65,741)   -    -    -    (150,646)
Foreign exchange   (12,626)   (7,087)   (8,431)   (60,080)   (3,217)   (35,988)   -    (127,429)
As at August 31, 2017  $287,300   $128,569   $43,830   $1,278,884   $70,300   $721,525   $-   $2,530,408 
Depreciation expense   10,502    18    2,622    25,036    2,815    152,164    -    193,157 
Disposals   -    (128,587)   (2,710)   -    -    -    -    (131,297)
Foreign exchange   5,109    -    874    22,167    1,257    16,111    -    45,518 
As at February 28, 2018  $302,911   $-   $44,616   $1,326,087   $74,372   $889,800   $-   $2,637,786 
Net book value                                        
As at August 31, 2016  $176,315   $23,541   $6,431   $388,326   $33,847   $1,042,896   $1,379,012   $3,050,368 
As at August 31, 2017  $157,525   $6,889   $19,265   $274,057   $25,813   $710,291   $1,316,857   $2,510,697 
As at February 28, 2018  $150,172   $-   $16,129   $254,319   $23,485   $569,881   $1,349,087   $2,363,073 

 

* Construction in progress represents construction of the Company’s processing plant.

 14 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

4.Property, plant and equipment (continued)

 

Sale-leaseback transaction:

During the year ended August 31, 2015, the Company sold automotive and mining equipment for proceeds of $577,505 to various officers and directors. Pursuant to the agreements, the Company entered into 1-year lease agreements on the automotive and mining equipment with effective dates in May 2015. Per the terms of the leases, the Company agrees to purchase back the automotive and mining equipment at the end of the lease periods for a lump sum payment of USD$74,848. Based on the terms of the agreements, the Company has classified and is accounting for the leases as finance leases. The initial base payments vary between the agreements and range between $3,500 and $8,000 payable monthly. The effective interest rate on the finance lease obligations outstanding is between 20% and 30%. The gain on sale of $250,108 was deferred and is being recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term as a reduction in amortization expense. The total deferred gain has been presented as a reduction of the finance asset. Under the lease, the Company is responsible for the costs of utilities, insurance, taxes and maintenance expenses.

 

Settlement through shares:

On December 1, 2016, the Company entered into settlement agreements whereby a total of $343,623 in principal and accrued interest was settled through the issuance of 458,329 shares issued

at an average price of $0.63 per share for total issued value of $288,747, resulting in a gain on settlement of debt of $54,876 for the year ended August 31, 2017.

 

Outstanding balance:

As at February 28, 2018, the remaining balance outstanding under finance lease obligations after the settlements described above is $61,515 (August 31, 2017 - $56,631) and is repayable within 1 year, as such, the finance lease obligation is classified as a current liability.

 

Interest expense for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 related to the leases amounted to $4,885 (2017 - $9,080), and is recorded in the statement of comprehensive loss.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 15 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock

 

Share Capital

The Company’s Restated Articles of Incorporation authorize the Company to issue an unlimited number of common shares. On December 8, 2014, the Board resolved that the Company authorize for issuance up to a maximum of 155,000,000 common shares, subject to further resolutions of the Company’s board of directors.

 

   Number   Amount ($) 
Balance at September 1, 2016   109,068,492   $122,380,723 
Issued for private placements, net of share issue costs   7,197,543    5,589,501 
Warrants issued on private placement   -    (6,592,000)
Agent warrants issued on private placement   -    (92,000)
Issued pursuant to Restricted Share Unit Plan   695,991    1,040,990 
Shares issued for interest on gold loans   814,089    542,447 
Finders fees on convertible loans   132,577    92,805 
Shares issued for settlement of lease obligations (Note 4)   458,329    288,747 
Shares issued for settlement of amounts due to related parties (Note 8)   187,321    131,998 
Shares issued for settlement of convertible loans (Note 22)   83,333    49,166 
Exercise of warrants   3,146,944    1,742,000 
Balance at August 31, 2017   121,784,619   $125,174,377 
Shares issued for interest on gold and convertible loans   437,745    174,138 
Finders fees on convertible loans   214,864    91,317 
Balance at February 28, 2018   122,437,228   $125,439,832 

 

Activity during the six month period ended February 28, 2018:

 

During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, 437,745 shares were issued

at an average price of $0.40 per share for total issued value of $174,138 for payment of interest of $184,561, resulting in a gain of $10,423, in connection with the gold loans and convertible loans (see Notes 20 and 22 for details).

 

On September 26, 2017, the Company issued 214,864 common shares at a price of $0.43 per share for total issued value of $91,317 for payment of finders fees in connection with the convertible loans (see Note 22 for details).

 

Activity during the year ended August 31, 2017:

 

On September 1, 2016, the Company closed the first tranche of a US$5 Million private placement of securities with Crede CG III, Ltd.

 

In the initial round of financing, the Company privately placed 1,840,400 shares of its common stock and warrants for US$1.25 million. The common stock issued in the first tranche of the financing, which closed on September 1, 2016, was priced at US$0.6792 per share. The investor also received five-year warrants to purchase 1,840,400 shares of Common Stock with an exercise price of US$0.8291 per share. If the market price of the share is lower than the exercise price the warrants allow the holder to exercise into a variable number of common shares of the Company determined based on a fixed monetary value and the Company’s share price for no consideration. As the number of shares was variable, the warrants were recognized as a derivative liability with a fair value of $1,742,000 which was determined based on the fixed monetary value. In addition, the Company paid an 8% agent fee on gross proceeds and a 5% finders’ fee on gross proceeds and the Company issued to the agents 73,616 agent warrants, each exercisable to acquire one common share at a price of US$0.8718 for a period of five years.

 

 16 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock (continued)

 

On September 26, 2016, the Company closed the second tranche of the $5 million private placement of securities with Crede CG III, Ltd.

 

In the second round of the financing, the Company privately placed convertible notes and warrants for US$3.75 million. The convertible notes were issued in the principal amount of US$3.75 million, carried a coupon of 2.0% and matured on September 26, 2046. The Company immediately exercised its right to cause the conversion of the convertible notes, resulting in the cancellation of the notes and the issuance of 5,357,143 shares of common stock to the investor. The investor also received five-year warrants to purchase 4,017,857 shares of common stock at an exercise price of US$1.10 per share. If the market price of the share is lower than the exercise price the warrants allow the holder to exercise into a variable number of common shares of the Company determined based on a fixed monetary value and the Company’s share price for no consideration. As the number of shares was variable, the warrants were recognized as a derivative liability with a fair value of $4,850,000 which was determined based on the fixed monetary value. In addition, the Company paid an 8% agent fee on gross proceeds and the Company issued to the agents 214,285 agent warrants, each exercisable to acquire one common share at a price of US$0.9515 for a period of five years.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2017, 695,991 shares were issued pursuant to the Company’s Restricted Share Unit Plan at an average price of $1.50 for total issued value of $1,040,990.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2017, 814,089 shares were issued

at an average price of $0.67 per share for total issued value of $542,447 for payment of interest in connection with the gold loans and convertible loans (see Notes 20 and 22 for details).

 

On April 27, 2017, the Company issued 132,577 common shares at a price of $0.70 per share for total issued value of $92,805 for payment of finders fees in connection with the gold bullion loan (see Note 20 for details).

 

Warrant issuances:

 

Activity during the six month period ended February 28, 2018:

 

There were no warrant issuances during the six month period ended February 28, 2018.

 

Activity during the year ended August 31, 2017:

 

On September 1, 2016 the Company issued 1,840,400 share purchase warrants in connection with the first tranche of its private placement financing as described above. Each warrant entitles the holder to acquire a common share at a price of US$0.8291. These warrants expire on September 1, 2021.

 

Each warrant is convertible into a variable number of common shares equal in value to a fixed monetary amount for $Nil consideration if the Company’s share price is below exercise price. As the number of shares to be received on exercise is variable, the warrants are initially recognized as derivative liabilities at fair value. Subsequent changes in fair value to the date of exercise are recognized in the loss for the year.

 

The warrants had a fair value of $1,742,000 on issuance, which was determined based on the fixed monetary amount.

 

The Company also issued 73,616 agent warrants in connection with the first tranche of its private placement financing. Each agent warrant entitles the holder to acquire a common share at a price of US$0.8718. These warrants expire on September 1, 2021.

 

 

 17 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock (continued)

 

The warrants had a fair value of $22,000 on issuance, which was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and recorded as a transaction cost. The following assumptions were used:

 

Risk-free interest rate
0.91%
 
Expected volatility
82%
Dividend yield  
nil
 
Expected life
5 years

 

On September 26, 2016 the Company issued 4,017,857 share purchase warrants in connection with the second tranche of its private placement financing as described above. Each warrant entitles the holder to acquire a common share at a price of US$1.10. These warrants expire on September 26, 2021.

 

Each warrant is convertible into a variable number of common shares equal in value to a fixed monetary amount for $Nil consideration if the Company’s share price is below exercise price. As the number of shares to be received on exercise is variable, the warrants are initially recognized as derivative liabilities at fair value. Subsequent changes in fair value to the date of exercise are recognized in the loss for the year.

 

The warrants had a fair value of $4,850,000 on issuance, which was determined based on the fixed monetary amount.

 

The Company also issued 214,285 agent warrants in connection with the second tranche of its private placement financing. Each agent warrant entitles the holder to acquire a common share at a price of US$0.9515. These warrants expire on September 26, 2021.

 

The warrants had a fair value of $70,000 on issuance, which was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and recorded as a transaction cost. The following assumptions were used:

 

Risk-free interest rate
0.87%
  Expected volatility
84%
Dividend yield  
nil
  Expected life
5 years

 

Warrants and Compensation Options outstanding:

 

At February 28, 2018, the following warrants and compensation options were outstanding:

 

   Number of 
Warrants
   Exercise price   Expiry date 
Private placement financing agent warrants - September 26, 2016   214,285    
USD$0.9515 
    
September 26, 2021 
 
Private placement financing - September 26, 2016   4,017,857    
USD$1.10 
    
September 26, 2021 
 
Private placement financing agent warrants - September 1, 2016   73,616    
USD$0.8718 
    
September 1, 2021 
 
Convertible senior note financing - December 9, 2014   257,143    
USD$0.98 
    
December 9, 2019 
 
                
Balance, February 28, 2018   4,562,901    -    - 

 

 

 18 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock (continued)

 

Warrant transactions are summarized as follows:

 

   Number of Warrants   Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Balance, August 31, 2016   657,143   $1.29 
Warrants granted   5,858,257    1.37 
Agent warrants granted   287,901    1.25 
Expired warrants   (400,000)   (1.30)
Warrants exercised   (1,840,400)   (1.12)
Balance, August 31, 2017 and February 28, 2018   4,562,901   $1.36 

 

The outstanding warrants have weighted average price of US$1.08 and weighted average remaining contractual life of 3.48 years.

 

Warrant liability:

 

Foreign currency denominated warrants (not including compensation warrants), are considered a derivative as they are not indexed solely to the entity’s own stock.

 

Prior to September 1, 2016 warrant liability consist of warrants that were originally issued in private placements which had exercise prices denominated in a currency other than the Company’s functional currency, which at that time was the Canadian dollar. During the period that the Canadian dollar was the Company’s functional currency, warrants that were exercisable in U.S. dollars was classified as derivative liabilities. Upon the change in functional currency to the U.S. dollar, these derivative liabilities were no longer classified as derivatives and an amount of $215,000 was reclassified to reserve for warrants.

 

The warrant liability at February 28, 2018 relates to the 4,017,857 September 26, 2016 private placement warrants that are exercisable at the option of the holder into such number of shares that have a current market value of approximately $4,850,000, for no consideration. This cashless exercise right is only in effect if the current market price is less than the exercise price of USD$1.10.

 

The table below shows the activity for warrant liability for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 and year ended August 31, 2017:

 

Period/Year ended  February 28, 2018   August 31, 2017 
Balance at beginning of period/year  $4,850,000   $215,000 
Warrants issued   -    6,592,000 
Warrants exercised   -    (1,742,000)
Reclassification on change of functional currency   -    (215,000)
Balance at end of period/year  $4,850,000   $4,850,000 

 

 

 

 19 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock (continued)

 

Employee stock ownership plan:

On May 1, 2003, the Company established a non-leveraged employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) for all eligible employees, consultants, and directors. The Company matches 100 percent of participants’ contributions up to 5 percent of the participants’ salaries and 50 percent of participants’ contributions between 6 percent and 30 percent of the participants’ salaries. All contributions vest immediately.

 

ESOP compensation expense for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 was $nil (2017 - $nil) and is included in salaries and benefits expense

s.

 

Restricted share units:

The Restricted Stock Unit Plan (RSU Plan) is intended to enhance the Company’s and its affiliates’ abilities to attract and retain highly qualified officers, directors, key employees and other persons, and to motivate such officers, directors, key employees and other persons to serve the Company and its affiliates and to expend maximum effort to improve the business results and earnings of the Company, by providing to such persons an opportunity to acquire or increase a direct proprietary interest in the operations and future success of the Company. To this end, the RSU Plan provides for the grant of restricted stock units (RSUs). Each RSU represents an entitlement to one common share of the Company, upon vesting. As of November 29, 2016, the Board resolved to amend the suspension to 800,000 of the 2,500,000 common shares previously authorized for issuance under the RSU Plan, such that a maximum of 2,500,000 shares shall be authorized for issuance under the RSU Plan, until such suspension may be lifted or further amended. RSU awards may, but need not, be subject to performance incentives to reward attainment of annual or long-term performance goals in accordance with the terms of the RSU Plan. Any such performance goals are specified in the award agreement.

 

The Board of Directors implemented the RSU Plan under which officers, directors, employees and others are compensated for their services to the Company. Annual compensation for outside directors is $68,750 per year, plus $6,875 per year for serving on Committees, plus $3,437 per year for serving as Chair of a Committee. On April 11, 2012, the board approved that at the election of each individual director, up to one half of the annual compensation may be received in cash, paid quarterly. The remainder of the director’s annual compensation (at least one half, and up to 100%) will be awarded as RSUs in accordance with the terms of the RSU Plan and shall vest within a minimum of one (1) year and a maximum of three (3) years, at the election of the director, subject to the conditions of the RSU Plan with respect to earlier vesting. In 2012 outside directors had the option to elect to receive 100% of their compensation in RSUs. If 100% compensation in RSUs is elected, the compensation on which the number of RSUs granted in excess of the required one half shall be increased by 20%.

 

The Company uses the fair value method to recognize the obligation and compensation expense associated with the RSU’s. The fair value of RSU’s issued is determined on the grant date based on the market price of the common shares on the grant date multiplied by the number of RSUs granted. The fair value is expensed over the vesting term. Upon redemption of the RSU the carrying amount is recorded as an increase in common share capital and a reduction in the share based payment reserve.

 

The Company has a RSU Plan which allows the Company to issue RSU’s which are redeemable for the issue of common shares at prevailing market prices on the date of the RSU grant. The aggregate number of RSU’s outstanding is limited to a maximum of ten percent of the outstanding common shares. The Company has granted RSU’s to officers and key employees.

 

Of the 2,500,000 shares authorized for issuance under the Plan, 2,114,853 (August 31, 2017 - 2,114,853) shares have been issued as at February 28, 2018.

 

 

 20 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock (continued)

 

Total share-based compensation expense related to the issue of RSUs was $41,308 for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 (2017 - $198,467). The amount capitalized to mineral properties for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 was $6,480 (2017 - $9,290). The amount charged to directors fees for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 was $nil (2017 - $69,734). During the six month period ended February 28, 2018 RSU’s were forfeited resulting in $3,920 (2017 - $123,569) in a reduction in share-based compensation expense related to the reversal of the expense related to forfeited RSU’s.

 

The following table summarizes changes in the number of RSU’s outstanding:

 

   Number of RSU’s   Weighted average fair
value at issue date
 
Balance, August 31, 2016   1,275,591   $1.18 
Redeemed for common shares   (695,991)  $1.50 
Forfeited/cancelled   (59,600)  $2.22 
Balance, August 31, 2017   520,000   $0.49 
Forfeited/cancelled   (10,000)  $0.49 
Balance, February 28, 2018   510,000   $0.49 

 

Stock options:

 

The Company has a stock option plan (the “Plan”) under which the Company may grant options to directors, officers, employees and consultants. The maximum number of common shares reserved for issue under the Plan at any point in time may not exceed 10% of the number of shares issued and outstanding. The purpose of the Plan is to attract, retain and motivate directors, officers, employees, and certain third party service providers by providing them with the opportunity to acquire a proprietary interest in the Company and benefit from its growth. Options granted under the Plan are non-assignable and vest over various terms up to 24 months from the date of grant. As at February 28, 2018, the Company had 4,811,722 (August 31, 2017 – 3,557,077) options available for issuance under the Plan.

 

The continuity of outstanding stock options for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 and year ended August 31, 2017 is as follows:

 

   Number of stock
options
   Weighted average exercise
price per share $
 
Balance – August 31, 2016   -    - 
Granted (i)   3,750,000    0.71 
Balance – August 31, 2017   3,750,000    0.71 
Cancelled (i)   (3,750,000)   (0.71)
Re-issued (i)   3,750,000    0.40 
Granted (ii)   3,682,000    0.43 
Balance – February 28, 2018   7,432,000    0.41 

 

 

 21 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock (continued)

 

(i)On November 28, 2016, the Company granted 3,750,000 stock options to directors, officers and employees of the Company. The options are exercisable at CAD$0.71 per share expiring on November 28, 2025. The resulting fair value of $2,133,000 was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: expected dividend yield of 0%; expected volatility of 84%; a risk-free interest rate of 0.95% and an expected average life of 9 years. Volatility and expected life were based on historical experience. The options are subject to a vesting period whereby 1/3 of the options vest immediately, 1/3 vest on September 1, 2017 with the remaining 1/3 vesting on September 1, 2018.

 

Share based payments based on the portion vested during the six month period ended February 28, 2018 amounted to $200,000 (2017 - $1,049,000).

 

Cancellation and re-issue of options:

On October 11, 2017, the Company

cancelled and re-issued the options originally issued on November 28, 2016 and re-issued the same number of options at an exercise price of CAD$0.40 per share, with
1/3 of the options vesting immediately, 1/3 vest on October 11, 2018 with the remaining 1/3 vesting on October 11, 2019 and
a final expiry date of October 11, 2026.

 

The new options issued were accounted for as modifications in accordance with IFRS 2, where
the incremental value was recorded as additional cost measured by the difference between the fair value of the cancelled options calculated on the modification date and the value of the
replacement options at the modification date.   The amount resulted in additional $240,000 in share based payments. The amount is recognized over the vesting period of the replacement option.   Any remaining compensation cost for as yet unvested cancelled options is also recognized over the new vesting period.

 

Share based payments based on the portion vested during the six month period ended February 28, 2018 amounted to $240,000 (2017 - $nil).

 

(ii)On September 29, 2017, the Company granted 3,582,000 stock options to directors, officers and employees of the Company. The options are exercisable at CAD$0.43 per share expiring on September 29, 2026. The resulting fair value of $1,183,000 was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: expected dividend yield of 0%; expected volatility of 76%; a risk-free interest rate of 1.98% and an expected average life of 9 years. Volatility and expected life were based on historical experience. The options are subject to a vesting period whereby 1/3 of the options vest immediately, 1/3 vest on September 29, 2018 with the remaining 1/3 vesting on September 29, 2019.

 

Share based payments based on the portion vested during the six month period ended February 28, 2018 amounted to $641,000 (2017 - $nil).

 

(iii)On January 2, 2018, the Company granted 100,000 stock options to a consultant of the Company. The options are exercisable at CAD$0.35 per share expiring on January 2, 2028. The resulting fair value of $31,000 was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: expected dividend yield of 0%; expected volatility of 96%; a risk-free interest rate of 2.08% and an expected average life of 10 years. Volatility and expected life were based on historical experience. The options are subject to a vesting period whereby 1/4 of the options vest every three months through to January 2, 2019.

 

Share based payments based on the portion vested during the six month period ended February 28, 2018 amounted to $14,000 (2017 - $nil).

 

 

 

 22 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

5.Capital Stock (continued)

 

Options to purchase common shares carry exercise prices and terms to maturity as follows:

 

           Remaining 
Exercise price (1)  Number of options   Expiry   contractual 
Outstanding $  Outstanding   Exercisable   date   life (years) (1) 
CAD0.35   100,000    -   January 2, 2028    9.85 
CAD0.40   3,750,000    1,250,000   September 29, 2026    8.59 
CAD0.43   3,582,000    1,194,000   October 11, 2026    8.62 
CAD0.41   7,432,000    2,444,000        8.62 

 

(1)Total represents weighted average.

 

6.Reserve for warrants

 

 

Period/year ended

 

February 28,

2018

   August 31,
2017
 
Balance at beginning of period/year  $1,248,037   $941,037 
Agent warrants issued on private placement   -    92,000 
Reversal of warrant liability upon change of functional currency  to USD   -    215,000 
Balance at end of period/year  $1,248,037   $1,248,037 

 

7.Reserve for share based payments

 

 

Period/year ended

 

February 28,

2018

   August 31,
2017
 
Balance at beginning of period/year  $7,674,233   $1,066,863 
Shares issued pursuant to RSU plan   -    (1,040,990)
Share based compensation – RSU’s   41,308    262,931 
Share based compensation – Stock options   1,095,000    1,725,000 
RSU shares forfeited   (3,920)   (123,571)
Reversal of derivative in gold bullion loan upon change of functional currency to USD   -    5,051,000 
Reversal of derivative in gold convertible loans upon change of functional currency  to USD   -    108,000 
Conversion component of convertible loans   137,000    625,000 
Balance at end of period/year  $8,943,621   $7,674,233 

 

 23 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

8.Related party transactions and key management compensation

 

Related parties include the Board of Directors and officers, close family members and enterprises that are controlled by these individuals as well as certain consultants performing similar functions.

 

(a) Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation entered into the following transactions with related parties:

 

Six month ended February 28, Notes 2018 2017
Legal services (i) $Nil $82,455
Consulting (ii) $106,051 $89,035
Consulting (iii) $Nil $172,330

 

(i) The Company engages a legal firm for professional services in which one of the Company’s directors is a partner. During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the legal expense charged by the firm was $nil (2017 - $82,455). As at February 28, 2018, $350,940 remains payable (August 31, 2017 - $370,940).

 

(ii) During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, $106,051 (2017 - $89,035) was paid for heap leach construction consulting and website/data back-up services to companies controlled by individuals associated with the former CEO and current director.

 

(iii) During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, $nil (2017 - $172,330) was paid for grade control drilling, license fees and other consulting services to Stamico, the Company’s joint venture partner on the Buckreef Gold Project.

 

As at February 28, 2018, the Company has a receivable of $37,247 (August 31, 2017 - $37,247) from an organization associated with the Company’s President and former CEO and current director and from current officers and directors.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2015, the Company sold automotive and mining equipment in the amount of $243,805 to directors of the Company and $333,700 to the Company’s former CEO and current director for total proceeds of $577,505 as described in Note 4. Pursuant to the agreements, the Company entered into 1-year lease agreements on the automotive and mining equipment with effective dates in May 2015. Per the terms of the leases, the Company agrees to purchase back the automotive and mining equipment at the end of the lease periods for a lump sum payment of USD$74,848. The initial base payments vary between the agreements and range between $3,500 and $8,000 payable monthly. The effective interest rate on the capital lease obligation outstanding is between 20% and 30%.

 

On December 1, 2016, the Company entered into settlement agreements whereby a total of $343,623 in principal and accrued interest was settled through the issuance of 458,329 shares issued

at an average price of $0.63 per share for total issued value of $288,747, resulting in a gain on settlement of debt of $54,876 for the year ended August 31, 2017.

 

As at February 28, 2018, the remaining balance outstanding under finance lease obligations after the settlements described above is $61,515 (August 31, 2017 - $56,631) and is repayable within 1 year, as such, the finance lease obligation is classified as a current liability.

 

 

 24 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

8.Related party transactions and key management compensation (continued)

 

(b) Remuneration of Directors and key management personnel (being the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer) of the Company was as follows:

 

Six months ended February 28,  2018   2017 
   Fees,
salaries
and
benefits
(1)
   Share
based
payments
(2),
(3), (4)
   Fees,
salaries
and
benefits
(1)
   Share
based
payments
(2),
(3)
 
Management  $341,136   $773,348   $216,931   $1,079,227 
Directors   55,813    414,000    55,813    69,734 
Total  $396,949   $1,187,348   $272,744   $1,148,961 

 

(1)Salaries and benefits include director fees. The board of directors do not have employment or service contracts with the Company. Directors are entitled to director fees and RSU’s for their services and officers are entitled to cash remuneration and RSU’s for their services.
(2)Compensation shares may carry restrictive legends.
(3)All RSU share based compensation is based on the accounting expense recorded in the year.
(4)All stock option share based compensation is based on the accounting expense recorded in the year.

 

As at February 28, 2018, included in trade and other payables is $746,000 (August 31, 2017 - $638,000) due to these key management personnel with no specific terms of repayment.

 

The Company’s former CEO and current director provided various loans to the Company totaling $133,632. On December 1, 2016, the Company entered into settlement agreements whereby the remaining balance of $136,519 was settled through the issuance of 187,321 shares issued

at an average price of $0.705 per share for total issued value of $131,998, resulting in a gain on settlement of debt of $4,521 for the year ended August 31, 2017.
As at February 28, 2018 $nil (August 31, 2017 - $nil) is outstanding. The balance is payable on demand, interest free, and unsecured.

 

9.Management of Capital

 

The Company's objective when managing capital is to obtain adequate levels of funding to support its exploration activities, to obtain corporate and administrative functions necessary to support organizational functioning, to obtain sufficient funding to further the identification and development of precious metals deposits, and to develop and construct low cost heap leach gold production mines.

 

The Company manages its capital structure and makes adjustments to it, based on the funds available to the Company, in order to support the acquisition, exploration and development of mineral properties. The Board of Directors does not establish quantitative return on capital criteria for management, but rather relies on the expertise of the Company's management to sustain future development of the business. The Company defines capital to include its shareholders’ equity. In order to carry out the planned exploration and pay for administrative costs, the Company will spend its existing working capital and raise additional amounts as needed. The Company will continue to assess new properties and seek to acquire an interest in additional properties if it feels there is sufficient geologic or economic potential and if it has adequate financial resources to do so. Management reviews its capital management approach on an ongoing basis and believes that this approach, given the relative size of the Company, is reasonable. There were no changes in the Company's approach to capital management during the six month period ended February 28, 2018. The Company is not subject to externally imposed capital requirements.

 

The Company considers its capital to be shareholders’ equity, which is comprised of share capital, reserves, and deficit, which as at February 28, 2018 totaled $34,486,895 (August 31, 2017 - $35,353,718).

 

 

 

 25 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

9.Management of Capital (continued)

 

The Company raises capital, as necessary, to meet its needs and take advantage of perceived opportunities and, therefore, does not have a numeric target for its capital structure. Funds are primarily secured through equity capital raised by way of private placements, however, debt and other financing alternatives may be utilized as well. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to continue raising equity capital in this manner.

 

Management reviews its capital management approach on an ongoing basis and believes that this approach, given the relative size of the Company, is reasonable.

 

The Company invests all capital that is surplus to its immediate operational needs in short term, liquid and highly rated financial instruments, such as cash, and short term guarantee deposits, all held with major Canadian financial institutions and Canadian treasury deposits.

 

10.Financial Instruments

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company designated warrant and derivative liabilities as FVTPL. Fair value of the warrant liabilities and gold bullion loan derivatives are categorized as Level 3 measurement as these are calculated based on unobservable market inputs. A 10% movement in volatility in the financial instruments that were classified as Level 3 measure will have an impact of approximately $nil on the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss as these amounts have been reclassified during the period on change of functional currency. Trade and other receivables and cash and cash equivalents are classified as loans and receivables, which are measured at amortized cost. Trade and other payables, leases payable and gold bullion loans are classified as other financial liabilities, which are measured at amortized cost. Fair value of trade and other payables and convertible debt are determined from transaction values that are not based on observable market data.

 

The carrying value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables, trade and other payables approximate their fair value due to the relatively short term nature of these instruments.

 

Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information and information about financial instruments. These estimates are subject to and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment, therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates.

 

A summary of the Company's risk exposures as they relate to financial instruments are reflected below:

 

Credit Risk

Credit risk is the risk of an unexpected loss if a third party to a financial instrument fails to meet its contractual obligations. The Company is subject to credit risk on the cash balances at the bank and accounts and other receivables and the carrying value of those accounts represent the Company’s maximum exposure to credit risk. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents and short-term bank investments are with Schedule 1 banks or equivalents. The accounts and other receivables consist of GST/HST and VAT receivable from the various government agencies and amounts due from related parties. The Company has not recorded an impairment or allowance for credit risk as at February 28, 2018, or August 31, 2017.

 

Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rate. The Company’s bank accounts earn interest income at variable rates. The bullion loan carries a fixed rate of interest. The Company’s future interest income is exposed to changes in short-term rates. As at February 28, 2018, a 1% increase/decrease in interest rates would decrease/increase net loss for the period by approximately $4,000 (2017 - $24,000).

 

 26 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

10.Financial Instruments (continued)

 

Liquidity Risk

The Company’s approach to managing liquidity risk is to ensure that it will have sufficient liquidity to meet liabilities when due. As at February 28, 2018, the Company had current assets of $1,257,862 (August 31, 2017 - $1,922,088) and current liabilities of $11,180,136 (August 31, 2017 - $8,474,464). All of the Company’s trade payables and receivables have contractual maturities of less than 90 days and are subject to normal trade terms. Current working capital deficiency of the Company is $9,922,274 (August 31, 2017 - $6,552,376 working capital deficiency). The Company will require additional financing in order to conduct its planned work programs on mineral properties and the development and construction of the Buckreef Project, meet its ongoing levels of corporate overhead and discharge its liabilities as they come due.

 

Foreign Currency Risk

The Company is exposed to the financial risk related to the fluctuation of foreign exchange rates. The Company has offices in Canada, USA, and Tanzania, but holds cash mainly in Canadian and United States currencies. A significant change in the currency exchange rates between the Canadian dollar relative to US dollar and Tanzanian shillings could have an effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position, or cash flows. At February 28, 2018, the Company had no hedging agreements in place with respect to foreign exchange rates. As a majority of the transactions of the Company are denominated in US and Tanzanian Shilling currencies, a 10% movement in the foreign exchange rate will have an impact of approximate $825,000 on the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

 

11.Other receivables

 

The Company’s other receivables arise from two main sources: receivables due from related parties and harmonized services tax (“HST”) and value added tax (“VAT”) receivable from government taxation authorities. These are broken down as follows:

 

   February 28, 2018   August 31, 2017 
         
Receivable from related parties  $45,274   $43,497 
HST and VAT Receivable   159,574    169,533 
Other   51,088    115,978 
Total Trade and Other Receivables  $255,936   $329,008 

 

Below is an aged analysis of the Company’s other receivables:

 

   February 28, 2018   August 31, 2017 
         
Less than 1 month  $47,684   $50,715 
1 to 3 months   15,366    11,870 
Over 3 months   192,886    266,423 
Total Other Receivables  $255,936   $329,008 

 

At February 28, 2018, the Company anticipates full recovery of these amounts and therefore no impairment has been recorded against these receivables. The credit risk on the receivables has been further discussed in Note 10.

 

The Company holds no collateral for any receivable amounts outstanding as at February 28, 2018.

 

 27 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

12.Prepaid and other assets

 

   February 28, 2018   August 31, 2017 
         
Insurance  $-   $17,820 
Listing fees   912    29,627 
Other   56,739    26,851 
Total prepaid expenses  $57,651   $74,298 

 

13.Trade, other payables and accrued liabilities

 

Trade and other payables of the Company are principally comprised of amounts outstanding for trade purchases relating to exploration activities and payroll liabilities. The usual credit period taken for trade purchases is between 30 to 90 days.

 

The following is an aged analysis of the trade, other payables and accrued liabilities:

 

   February 28, 2018   August 31, 2017 
         
Less than 1 month  $187,111   $159,944 
1 to 3 months   321,730    411,543 
Over 3 months   4,557,629    4,645,216 
Total Trade, Other Payables and Accrued Liabilities  $5,066,470   $5,216,703 

 

14.Inventory

 

Inventory consists of stockpiled ore and supplies consumed during the course of exploration development and operations. Cost represents the delivered price of the item. The following is a breakdown of items in inventory:

 

   February 28, 2018   August 31, 2017 
         
Stockpiled ore and work in progress  $509,843   $503,187 
Supplies   4,332    4,302 
Total Inventory  $514,175   $507,489 

 

15.Cash

 

As at February 28, 2018, cash and cash equivalents total $430,100 (August 31, 2017 - $1,011,293), consisting of cash on deposit with banks in general minimum interest bearing accounts.

 

 28 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

16.Segmented information

 

Operating Segments

 

At February 28, 2018 the Company’s operations comprise of a single reporting operating segment engaged in mineral exploration in Tanzania. The Company’s corporate division only earns interest revenue that is considered incidental to the activities of the Company and therefore does not meet the definition of an operating segment as defined in IFRS 8 ‘Operating Segments’. As the operations comprise a single reporting segment, amounts disclosed in the consolidated financial statements also represent operating segment amounts.

 

An operating segment is defined as a component of the Company:

 

• that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses;

 

• whose operating results are reviewed regularly by the entity’s chief operating decision maker; and

 

• for which discrete financial information is available.

 

Geographic Segments

 

The Company is in the business of mineral exploration and production in the country of Tanzania. Information concerning TREC’s geographic locations is as follows:

 

  

As at

February 28,

2018

   As at
August 31,
2017
 
Identifiable assets          
Canada  $568,991   $1,184,932 
Tanzania   51,294,648    50,168,156 
   $51,863,639   $51,353,088 
Non-current assets          
Canada  $9,173   $10,064 
Tanzania   50,596,604    49,410,936 
   $50,605,777   $49,421,000 

 

17.Commitments

 

In order to maintain the existing site of mining and exploration licenses, the Company is required to pay annual license fees. The Company has not paid certain of its annual license fees since October 2014 with exception of Buckreef mining licenses. As at February 28, 2018 an accrual of $582,000 (August 31, 2017 - $817,000) has been recorded relating to unpaid license fees. Note that these licenses remain in good standing until a letter of demand is received from Ministry of Energy and Minerals requesting payment of any unpaid license fees plus 50% penalty, and the Company fails to respond within 30 days. The Company has not received a letter of demand. The potential penalty relating to unpaid license fees is approximately $201,000 (August 31, 2017 - $404,000). The Company has recorded an accrual for all valid and active mining licenses.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 29 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

18.Asset Retirement Obligation

 

The Company's asset retirement obligation relates to the cost of removing and restoring of the Buckreef Project in Tanzania. Significant reclamation and closure activities include land rehabilitation, demolition of buildings and mine facilities, ongoing care and maintenance and other costs. This estimate depends on the development of environmentally acceptable mine closure plan.

 

A reconciliation for asset retirement obligations is as follows:

 

   February 28, 2018   August 31, 2017 
Balance, beginning of period/year  $715,057   $704,123 
Accretion expense   5,544    10,934 
Foreign exchange   1,669    - 
Balance, end of the period/year  $722,270   $715,057 

 

The mine closure provision liability is based upon the following estimates and assumptions:

 

a)Total undiscounted amount of future retirement costs was estimated to be USD $522,000.
b)Risk-free rate at 1.58%.
c)Expected timing of cash outflows required to settle the obligation is for the full amount to be paid in 2025.
d)Inflation over the period from is estimated to be 1.5% per annum.

 

19.Non-Controlling Interest

 

The changes to the non-controlling interest for the six month periods ended February 28, 2018 and year ended August 31, 2017 are as follows:

 

 

Period/year ended

 

February 28,

2018

   August 31,
2017
 
Balance at beginning of period/year  $900,325   $1,368,679 
Non-controlling interest’s 45% share of Buckreef’s comprehensive loss   (269,889)   (458,573)
Non-controlling interest’s 25% share of NWBM’s comprehensive income (loss)   (6,098)   (9,781)
Balance at end of period/year  $624,338   $900,325 

 

The following is summarized financial information for Buckreef:

 

  

February 28,

2018

   August 31,
2017
 
Current assets  $662,296   $687,195 
Long term assets   19,246,424    20,651,428 
Current liabilities   (17,510)   (17,390)
Asset retirement obligation   (722,270)   (715,057)
Advances from parent   (21,936,523)   (21,653,034)
           
Net income (loss) for the period/year   (599,740)   (1,345,872)

 

 30 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

19.Non-Controlling Interest (continued)

 

The following is summarized financial information for NWBM:

 

  

February 28,

2018

   August 31,
2017
 
Current assets  $-   $- 
Long term assets   -    - 
Current liabilities   (7,641)   (7,462)
Advances from parent   (1,499,373)   (1,499,448)
           
Net income (loss) for the period/year   (24,391)   (51,668)

 

20.Gold Bullion Loans

 

Activity during the six month period ended February 28, 2018:

 

On January 19, 2018, the Company closed $645,475 (US $517,727) in gold loans.

 

Under the terms of the loan agreements, the bullion loans are for a period of one year, are subject to renewal, and carry an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. At the sole discretion of the Lender, the bullion loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company or gold in specified form at the option of the lender. If the bullion loans are paid back by bullion, the valuation date for such bullion will be the date of the loan agreements. The bullion loans may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lenders at an exercise price of US$0.2853 per share. Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at the option of the lender at a price of US$0.2853 per share. There is no prepayment penalty.

 

Activity during the year ended August 31, 2017:

 

There were no new gold loan issuances during the year ended August 31, 2017.

 

The Company entered into extension agreements in regards to USD$1,530,000 in gold loans closed on June 22, 2015, extending the term by one year to June 22, 2018, but modifying no other terms of the 2015 loans.

 

Outstanding balance:

 

The balance of the gold bullion loans is as follows:

 

  

February 28,

2018

   August 31,
2017
 
Balance at beginning of period/year  $3,394,998   $3,121,831 
Loans received   645,475    - 
Interest accrued   166,686    293,278 
Issuance of shares for interest payment   (88,381)   (328,033)
Interest accretion   100,560    449,460 
Foreign exchange translation adjustment   (37,600)   (141,538)
Balance at end of period/year  $4,181,738   $3,394,998 

 

Classification:

Short term portion of gold loan  $4,181,738   $2,335,474 
Long term portion of gold loan   -    1,059,524 
Balance at end of period/year  $4,181,738   $3,394,998 

 

 31 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

20.Gold Bullion Loans (continued)

 

Interest expense related to the gold bullion loan amounted to $166,686 (2017 - $173,989), for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 and is recorded as finance charge in the statements of comprehensive loss. Accretion expense during the six month period ended February 28, 2018 totaled $100,560 (2017 - $294,152).

 

Derivative in gold bullion loans:

 

Prior to September 1, 2016 the derivative in gold bullion loans consisted of conversion options issued on gold bullion loans which had exercise prices denominated in a currency other than the Company’s functional currency, which at that time was the Canadian dollar. During the period that the Canadian dollar was the Company’s functional currency, derivatives in gold bullion loans that were exercisable in U.S. dollars were classified as derivative liabilities. Upon the change in functional currency to the U.S. dollar, these derivative liabilities were no longer classified as derivatives and an amount of $5,051,000 was reclassified to reserve for share based payments.

 

21.Finance costs

 

Finance costs comprises of the following:

   Six months ended
February 28,
2018
   Six months ended
February 28,
2017
 
         
Interest on Gold Bullion Loans (Note 20)  $166,686   $173,989 
Interest on Convertible Loans (Note 22)   84,927    - 
   $251,613   $173,989 

 

22.Convertible loans

 

Activity during the six month period ended February 28, 2018:

 

During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the Company received loans in the amount of $667,408 (US$539,710) with a one year term with a right to extend by 1 additional year by mutual consent, carrying an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. The convertible loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company at the option of the lender. The convertible loan may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lender at an exercise price of US$0.2853 - US$0.36 per share. Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at the option of the lender at a price of US$0.2853 - US$0.36 per share.

 

In connection with the loans, the Company paid a finder’s fee via the issuance of an aggregate of 214,864 common shares with a value of $91,317.

 

Activity during the year ended August 31, 2017:

 

During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company received loans in the amount of $1,181,993 (US$884,078) with a one year term with a right to extend by 1 additional year by mutual consent, carrying an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. The convertible loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company at the option of the lender. The convertible loans may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lender at an exercise price of US$0.36 – US$0.38 per share. Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at the option of the lender at a price of US$0.34 – US$0.36 per share.

 

In connection with the loans, the Company paid a finder’s fee via the issuance of an aggregate of 132,577 common shares with a value of $92,805.

 32 

Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation

Notes to the Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Month Periods Ended February 28, 2018 and 2017

 

22.Convertible loans (continued)

 

On July 19, 2017, the Company settled $63,075 (US$50,000) of principal amount of outstanding loans through the issuance of 83,333 shares with a value of $49,166 resulting on a gain on settlement of $13,909.

 

The balance of the convertible loans is as follows:

 

  

February 28,

2018

   August 31,
2017
 
Balance at beginning of period/year  $865,656   $245,497 
Proceeds from convertible loans   667,408    1,181,993 
Conversion of convertible loan to shares   -    (63,075)
Less: conversion component of convertible loans   (62,000)   (625,000)
Less: finders fee   (91,317)   (92,805)
Interest accrued   32,927    24,878 
Interest accretion   431,981    276,236 
Foreign exchange   25,758    (82,068)
Balance at end of period/year  $1,870,413   $865,656 

 

Interest accretion expense related to these loans during the six month period ended February 28, 2018 totaled $431,981 (2017 - $15,500).

 

Derivative in convertible loan:

Prior to September 1, 2016 the derivative in gold bullion loans consisted of conversion options issued on gold bullion loans which had exercise prices denominated in a currency other than the Company’s functional currency, which at that time was the Canadian dollar. During the period that the Canadian dollar was the Company’s functional currency, derivatives in gold bullion loans that were exercisable in U.S. dollars were classified as derivative liabilities. Upon the change in functional currency to the U.S. dollar, these derivative liabilities were no longer classified as derivatives and an amount of $108,000 was reclassified to reserve for share based payments.

 

 

 

33


exh_992.htm EXHIBIT 99.2


ENT> EX-99.2 3 exh_992.htm EXHIBIT 99.2

Exhibit 99.2

 

Tanz Logo Nr 2

 

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

 

 

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) of the financial condition and results of operations for Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation (the “Company”) should be read in conjunction with the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six month period ended February 28, 2018 and 2017 and the audited consolidated financial statements for the years ended August 31, 2017 and 2016. The MD&A was prepared as of April 12, 2018. All amounts are in Canadian dollars, unless otherwise specified.

 

Highlights – for the six month period ended February 28, 2018

 

Financial:

 

During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the Company received loans in the amount of $667,408 (US$539,710) with a one year term with a right to extend by 1 additional year by mutual consent, carrying an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. The convertible loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company at the option of the lender. The convertible loan may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lender at an exercise price of US$0.2853 - US$0.36 per share. Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at the option of the lender at a price of US$0.2853 - US$0.36 per share. 
   
In connection with the loans, the Company paid a finder’s fee via the issuance of an aggregate of 214,864 common shares.
   
On January 19, 2018, the Company closed US $517,727 gold loans.
   
Under the terms of the loan agreements, the bullion loans are for a period of one year, are subject to renewal, and carry an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. At the sole discretion of the Lender, the bullion loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company or gold in specified form at the option of the lender. If the bullion loans are paid back by bullion, the valuation date for such bullion will be the date of the loan agreements. The bullion loans may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lenders at an exercise price of US$0.2853 per share. Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at the option of the lender at a price of US$0.2853 per share. There is no prepayment penalty.
   
The Company also entered into extension agreements in regards to USD$1,530,000 in gold loans closed on June 22, 2015, extending the term by one year to June 22, 2018, but modifying no other terms of the 2015 loans.
   
During the year ended August 31, 2017, the Company received loans in the amount of US$884,078 with a one year term with a right to extend by 1 additional year by mutual consent, carrying an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. The convertible loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company at the option of the lender.  The convertible loans may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lender at an exercise price of US$0.36 – US$0.38 per share.  Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at the option of the lender at a price of US$0.34 – US$0.36 per share. 

 

 

1

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

 
In connection with the loans, the Company paid a finder’s fee via the issuance of an aggregate of 132,577 common shares with a value of $92,805.
   
On July 19, 2017, the Company settled $63,075 (US$50,000) of principal amount of outstanding loans through the issuance of 83,333 shares with a value of $49,166 resulting on a gain on settlement of $13,909.
   
On September 1, 2016, the Company closed the first tranche of a $5 Million private placement of securities with Crede CG III, Ltd.
   
  In the initial round of financing, the Company privately placed 1,840,400 shares of its common stock and warrants for US$1.25 million. The common stock issued in the first tranche of the financing, which closed on September 1, 2016, was priced at US$0.6792 per share. The investor also received five-year warrants to purchase 1,840,400 shares of Common Stock with an exercise price of US$0.8291 per share. The common stock issued in the first tranche of the financing or issued upon exercise of the warrants issued in the first tranche of the financing will be restricted until a valid registration for such common stock becomes effective.
   
  On September 26, 2016, the Company closed the second tranche of the $5 million private placement of securities with Crede CG III, Ltd.  
   
  In the second round of the financing, the Company privately placed convertible notes and warrants for US$3.75 million. The convertible notes were issued in the principal amount of US$3.75 million, carried a coupon of 2.0% and matured on September 26, 2046. The Company immediately exercised its right to cause the conversion of the convertible notes, resulting in the cancellation of the notes and the issuance of 5,357,143 shares of common stock to the investor. The investor also received five-year warrants to purchase 4,017,857 shares of common stock at an exercise price of US$1.10 per share. The closing of the second tranche of the financing was conditioned upon a valid registration statement for the common stock issued or issuable to the investor upon exercise of warrants being declared effective by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The Commission declared the Company’s Form F-3 Registration Statement registering the stock effective on September 23, 2016. 
   
During the year ended August 31, 2016, the Company closed US $1,000,000 in gold loans with the following terms:
   
  Under the terms of the loan agreements, the gold loans are for a period of three years, are subject to renewal, and carry an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. The bullion loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company or gold in specified form.  If the bullion loans are paid back by bullion, the valuation date for such bullion will the date of the loan agreements. The bullion loans may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lenders at an exercise price of US$0.70 per share.  Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at a price of US$0.308 per share. There is no prepayment penalty.

 

 

2

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

The Company also closed and additional US $100,000 in gold loans with the following terms:

 

·
Under the terms of the loan agreements, the gold loans are for a period of one year, are subject to renewal, and carry an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. The bullion loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company or gold in specified form. If the bullion loans are paid back by bullion, the valuation date for such bullion will the date of the loan agreements. The bullion loans may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lenders at an exercise price of US$0.50 per share. Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at a price of US$0.375 per share. There is no prepayment penalty.

 

The Company also closed and additional US $200,000 in gold loans with the following terms:

 

·
Under the terms of the loan agreements, the gold loans are for a period of one year, are subject to renewal, and carry an 8% interest rate payable quarterly. The bullion loans may be repaid in cash or common shares of the Company or gold in specified form. If the bullion loans are paid back by bullion, the valuation date for such bullion will the date of the loan agreements. The bullion loans may be converted into common shares of the Company at the sole discretion of the lenders at an exercise price of US$0.40 per share. Interest is payable quarterly, either in cash or in shares at a price of US$0.38 per share. There is no prepayment penalty.

 

Operational:

 

·
An updated list of TRX license holdings portfolio and liabilities was updated during the quarter. All field work still suspended on all projects with operations still focused on care & maintenance of the Buckreef Special Mining License and camp till the company receives the renewed SML certificate.

 

·
Stamico’s acting Director General, John Nayopa, dispatched a special audit team of three officials to Buckreef on 11th February 2018 composed of Zena (Leader-Stamico), Khadija (Advocate- Ministry of Mines) & Alex (Geologist-Stamico). The team was joined up at Buckreef by Peter (GM) & Pius (CA) for an audit meeting on the Buckreef Gold Company which started on 11th February and ended on 13th February 2018.

 

·
Follow-up efforts on the review, by the Minister of Mines of the compensation levels due to the local villagers within the extended SML area received no further response during the quarter.

 

·
No mining or ore processing activities conducted at South Pit and Plant during the quarter. Status is still care and maintenance while we wait for the resolution of the land compensation issue and issuance of the renewed SML certificate.

 

·
Cumulative Total Ore mined from the Buckreef South Pit (ROMPad + Pad#1-Pad#3+Crusher pad) as of 30th November 2017 remains at 119,725.59 tonnes averaging 1.86g/t Au with total contained metal ounces of 7,161.24.

 

3

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

·
The disposition of the Ore stockpiled as of 30th November 2017, remains as follows: ROMPAD: 72,315.66t @1.39g/t Au (3,237.96 Ozs); Pad#1: 20,931.75t @2.29g/t Au (1,541.77 Ozs); Pad#2: 12,943.78t @2.78g/t Au (1,155.55 Ozs); Pad#3: 9,237.90t @ 3.85g/t Au (1,143.49 Ozs) & Crusher Pad: 4,245t @ 3.86 g/t Au (526.62 Ozs).

 

·
Efforts to engage the Minister of Tourism and Natural Resources, Minister of Mines and the Director General of the Kigosi-Moyowosi game reserve with regards to the limited access to our Kigosi gold project area located in a restricted game reserve continued during the quarter. A letter with appendices was submitted to the three offices in response to a directive from the same offices for Tancan Mining to vacate the Kigosi exploration camp site. No response to our letter has been received so far.

 

·
Concerted efforts to establish the status of the Itetemia ML Application (No. App/01722) submitted on 4th November 2015 conducted during the quarter. The application is still under review due to the fact that it covers four (4) Prospecting Licences (PLs) of which 3 are registered under Tanzam2000 while the fourth is registered under Tancan Mining. Efforts to re-establish security units at Itetemia ML Application area are still on hold while we wait for the issuance of the Mining License.

 

·
All annual fees for the legal statutory requirements (Water permit, Fire permit, OSHA chemical storage permit) for the Buckreef Gold Company were paid up during the quarter.

 

·
Application to renew work and residence permit for Peter Zizhou (GM) commenced during the reporting quarter period.

 

Overall Performance

 

As at February 28, 2018, the Company had current assets of $1,257,862, compared to $1,922,088 on August 31, 2017. The decrease is mainly due to inflows from proceeds of convertible loans issued of $667,408 (2017 - $nil) and inflows from proceeds of gold loans issued of $645,475 (2017 - $nil), offset by outflows in regards to expenditures on exploration of $571,137 (2017 - $1,052,375) and cash used in operations of $1,327,823 (2017 - $2,107,135). Mineral properties and deferred exploration assets were $48,242,704 as at February 28, 2018, compared to $46,920,303 at August 31, 2017.

 

Net loss for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 was $3,322,837, compared to a net loss of $3,483,598 in the comparable six month period ended February 28, 2017. Net loss remained fairly consistent between the two periods. Variances in expenses are discussed below.

 

 

4

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

The main difference in net loss between the two periods is due to the following fluctuations:

 

-An decrease in professional fees expense to $278,939 for the six month period ended February 28, 2018, compared to $515,039 for the six month period ended February 28, 2017. Professional fees were higher in the previous year mainly due to various work surrounding the adoption of the stock option plan as well as continuing legal fees from the resolution of the Force Majeure matters.

 

-Higher interest accretion expense of $532,541 during the six month period ended February 28, 2018, as compared to $309,652 during the six month period ended February 28, 2017. The increase is due to the Company closing convertible loans and gold bullion loans as detailed above.

 

Share Capital:

During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the Company issued nil shares (2017 – 354,137 shares) pursuant to the RSU plan with a value of $nil (2017 - $482,749). The Company issued 437,745 (2017 – 413,908) shares with a value of $174,138 (2017 - $300,808) in connection with interest payments related to the convertible loans and gold bullion loans outstanding. During the comparative period, in September 2016, the Company also completed its private placement financing issuing 7,197,543 shares for proceeds, net of issue costs, of $5,589,501. In connection with the private placement closed in September 2016, the Company also issued 3,146,944 shares pursuant to cashless exercise of warrants issued on the private placement. The Company also issued, in the comparative period, 458,329 and 187,321 shares with a value of $288,747 and $131,998 respectively for settlement of various leases and amounts due to related parties. In the current period, capital was utilized for the Buckreef Gold Project development, property acquisition, exploration, capital equipment purchases and general operating expenses as tabulated below. The remaining funds/cash liquid assets, when available, are invested in interest bearing investments, which are highly liquid.

 

   C$
(000)
Funds available August 31, 2017   1,011 
Net proceeds from convertible loans and gold bullion loans   1,313 
Mineral property expenditures including licences, environmental and exploration, net of recoveries   (571)
General corporate expenses   (1,323)
Funds available February 28, 2018  $430 

 

At February 28, 2018, the Company had a working capital deficiency of $9,922,274 (August 31, 2017 – $6,552,376 working capital deficiency), had not yet achieved profitable operations, has accumulated losses of $99,613,427 (August 31, 2017 – $96,566,577) and expects to incur further losses in the development of its business. The Company will require additional financing in order to conduct its planned work programs on mineral properties, meet its ongoing levels of corporate overhead and discharge its future liabilities as they come due.

 

 

5

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Based on the Company’s current funding sources and taking into account the working capital position and capital requirements at February 28, 2018, these factors indicate the existence of a material uncertainty that raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and is dependent on the Company raising additional debt or equity financing. The Company must obtain additional funding in order to continue development and construction of the Buckreef Project. The Company presently does not have adequate resources to maintain its core activities for the next fiscal year or sufficient working capital to fund all of its planned activities. The Company is continuing to pursue additional financing to fund the construction of the Buckreef Project and additional projects. However there is no assurance that such additional funding and/or project financing will be obtained or obtained on commercially favourable terms.

 

Additional funding may be derived from revenues generated in the future from anticipated completion and operation of its Buckreef mine currently under development. Management continues to explore alternative financing sources in the form of equity, debt or a combination thereof; however, the current economic uncertainty and financial market volatility make it difficult to predict success. Risk factors potentially influencing the Company’s ability to raise equity or debt financing include: the outcome of the feasibility study at the Buckreef Project, mineral prices, the risk of operating in a foreign country, including, without limitation, risks relating to permitting, and the buoyancy of the credit and equity markets. For a more detailed list of risk factors, refer to the Company’s Form 20-F Annual Report for the year ended August 31, 2017, which is filed on SEDAR as the Company’s Annual Information Form.

 

Due to the current low interest rate environment and lack of funds, interest income is not expected to be a significant source of income or cash flow. Management intends to monitor spending and assess results on an ongoing basis and will make appropriate changes as required.

 

TRENDS

 

·
There are significant uncertainties regarding the prices of precious and base metals and other minerals and the availability of equity and debt financing for the purposes of mineral exploration and development. The prices of precious and base metals have been subject to extreme volatility over recent periods, as such the Company remains cautious;

 

·
The Company’s future performance is largely tied to development of the Buckreef project and other main projects and outcome of future drilling results; and

 

·
Current financial markets are likely to be volatile in Canada and the United States for the remainder of the fiscal year, reflecting ongoing concerns about the stability of the global economy. As well, concern about global growth may lead to future drops in the commodity markets. Uncertainty in the credit markets has also led to increased difficulties in borrowing or raising funds. Companies worldwide have been negatively affected by these trends. As a result, the Company may have difficulties raising equity and debt financing for the purposes of base and precious metals exploration and development.

 

These trends may limit the Company’s ability to discover and develop an economically viable mineral deposit.

 

 

6

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Selected Financial Information

 

  

As at and for the six month period ended February 28, 2018

  As at and for the year ended August 31, 2017  As at and for the year ended August 31, 2016
Total Revenues  $0   $0   $0 
Net income (loss) for the period  $(3,322,837)  $(6,434,112)  $(12,781,902)
Basic income (loss) per share  $(0.03)  $(0.05)  $(0.12)
Diluted income (loss) per share  $(0.03)  $(0.05)  $(0.12)
Total assets  $51,863,639   $51,353,088   $49,885,545 
Total long term financial liabilities  $722,270   $1,774,581   $1,645,529 
Cash dividends declared per share  $0   $0   $0 

 

Results of Operations

 

Net additions to mineral properties and deferred exploration costs for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 were $1,322,401 compared to $1,316,287 for the six month period ended February 28, 2017. Out of the net additions, $796,502 (2017 - $357,203) represents an increase due to foreign exchange in the current period on functional currency. The increase excluding these amounts saw expenditures of $525,899 for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 compared to $959,084 during 2017. The lower expenditure in 2018 is due to reduced financial resources currently available to the Company and a related reduction in exploration expenditures.

 

Net loss for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 was $3,322,837, compared to a net loss of $3,483,598 for the comparable six month period ended February 28, 2017. For the three month period ended February 28, 2018 and 2017, there was a net loss of $1,492,841 compared to a net loss of $1,464,876, respectively. Net loss and related expenditures were consistent between the two periods.

 

Variances in the remaining expenditures is set out below:

 

For the six month period ended February 28, 2018, depreciation expense was $193,157, compared to $210,991 for the six month period ended February 28, 2017. The decrease of $17,834 is due to a lower overall capital assets base as there were no additions during the period and prior fiscal year.

 

Consulting fees for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 were $463,341, compared to $338,191 in the comparable six month period ended February 28, 2017. Consulting expenses increased during the current period as the Company hired consultants in an effort to advance its Buckreef project. The consultants were hired to advise in regards to the status of the processing plant and any modifications and changes to the operational process, and many were hired in replacement of salaried management and personnel that resigned or were let go during the course of the last year resulting in a decrease in salaries and benefits expenses discussed below. Consulting fees for the three months ended February 28, 2018 were $229,403 compared to $179,759 in the comparable period ended February 29, 2017. The reason for the increase for the three month period is the same as above.

 

 

7

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Directors’ fees for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 were $55,813, compared to $125,547 in the comparable six month period ended February 28, 2017. The amount decreased as compared to the same period in the prior year due to director resignations during the prior year as well as no RSU issuances during the current year. For the three month period ended February 28, 2018, director fees amounted to $27,907 (2017 - $40,716). The reason for the decrease for the three month period is the same as above.

 

Office and general expenses for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 were $58,112, compared to $95,384 in the comparable six month period ended February 28, 2017. Office and general costs decreased between the comparable periods due to continued cost reduction measures across all areas of the Company. For the three month period ended February 28, 2018, office and general expenses were $29,867 compared to $52,119 in the comparable period ended February 28, 2017. The reason for the decrease for the three month period is the same as above.

 

Shareholder information costs for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 decreased to $158,422 from $228,176 for the comparable six month period ended February 28, 2017. The amounts decreased due to reduced spending on investor relation services for the period. For the three month period ended February 28, 2018, shareholder information costs were $101,536 compared to $207,695 for the three month period ended February 28, 2017. The reason for the decrease for the three month period is the same as above.

 

Professional fees decreased by $236,100 for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 to $278,939 from $515,039 for the six month period ended February 28, 2017. Professional fees decreased mainly due to increased work surrounding the adoption of the stock option plan incurred in the comparative period. For the three month period ended February 28, 2018 professional fees went from $201,918 for the three month period ended February 28, 2017 to $160,208. The increase is due to the same reason as above.

 

Salaries and benefits expense were consistent at $259,267 for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 from $226,851 for the six month period ended February 28, 2017. Salaries and benefits remained consistent between the two periods. The expenses for the corresponding three month period ending February 28, 2018 and 2017 were $155,739 and $116,358 respectively and were relatively consistent between the two periods.

 

Share based payments for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 were $1,125,908, compared to a recovery of $1,044,873 in the comparable six month period ended February 28, 2017. The increase is due to the Company issuing 3,682,000 options (2017 – 3,750,000) with a value of $841,000 (2017 - $1,049,000) offset by the forfeiture of RSU’s of $nil (2017 - $(123,569)) as well as the repricing of the 3,750,000 options issued in 2016 which resulted in additional compensation of $240,000 (2017 - $nil), see note 7 of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six month period ended February 28, 2018 and 2017 for details of stock options issued.

 

For the six month period ended February 28, 2018, travel and accommodation expense was consistent at $16,922 compared to $19,632 in 2017. Travel and accommodation expense was consistent between the two periods. For the three months ended February 28, 2018 and 2017, travel and accommodation went from $5,992 in 2017 to $3,516. Travel and accommodation expense were minimal, consistent with the comparable period.

 

 

8

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

For the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the foreign exchange gain was $86,197 compared to an exchange loss of $36,397 for the same six month period ended February 28, 2017. The primary reason is the US Dollar exchange rate decreasing from 1.258 at August 31, 2017 to 1.280 at February 28, 2018.

 

The interest accretion expense for the six month period ended February 28, 2018 was $532,541, compared to $309,652 for the six month period ended February 28, 2017. Interest accretion generally decreases as loans approach their maturity date. The amount increased due to additional loans issued during the course of fiscal 2017 and in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.

 

Summary of Quarterly Results (unaudited)

 

(Expressed in thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)

   2018
Q2
  2018
Q1
  2017
Q4
  2017
Q3
  2017
Q2
  2017
Q1
  2016
Q4
  2016
Q3
Total revenues  $0   $0   $0   $0   $0   $0   $0   $0 
Net Income (Loss)  $(1,493)  $(1,830)  $(1,307)  $(1,643)  $(1,465)  $(2,019)  $(5,510)  $(1,052)
Basic and diluted income (loss) per share  $(0.01)  $(0.01)  $(0.01)  $(0.01)  $(0.01)  $(0.02)  $(0.05)  $(0.01)

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources – Going Concern Discussion

 

The Company manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate cash balances in order to meet short term business requirements. Because the Company does not currently derive any production revenue from operations, its ability to conduct exploration and development work on its properties is largely based upon its ability to raise capital by equity funding. Previously, the Company obtained funding via private placements, public offering and various sources, including the Company’s President and former CEO who is currently still a director.

 

Based on the Company’s current funding sources and taking into account the working capital position and capital requirements at February 28, 2018, these factors indicate the existence of a material uncertainty that raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and is dependent on the Company raising additional debt or equity financing. The Company must obtain additional funding in order to continue development and construction of the Buckreef Project. The Company presently does not have adequate resources to maintain its core activities for the next fiscal year or sufficient working capital to fund all of its planned activities. The Company is continuing to pursue additional financing to fund the construction of the Buckreef Project and additional projects. However there is no assurance that such additional funding and/or project financing will be obtained or obtained on commercially favourable terms.

 

At February 28, 2018 the Company had a working capital deficiency of $9,922,274 (August 31, 2017 – $6,552,376 working capital deficiency), had not yet achieved profitable operations, has accumulated losses of $99,613,427 (August 31, 2017 – $96,566,577) and expects to incur further losses in the development of its business. The Company will require additional financing in order to conduct its planned work programs on mineral properties, meet its ongoing levels of corporate overhead and discharge its future liabilities as they come due.

 

 

9

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Some of the Company’s mineral properties are being acquired over time by way of option payments. It is at the Company’s option as to whether to continue with the acquisition of the mineral properties and to incur these option payments.

 

Commitments:

 

In order to maintain the existing site of mining and exploration licenses, the Company is required to pay annual license fees. The Company has not paid certain of its annual license fees since October 2014 with exception of Buckreef mining licenses. As at February 28, 2018 an accrual of $582,000 (August 31, 2017 - $817,000) has been recorded relating to unpaid license fees. Note that these licenses remain in good standing until a letter of demand is received from Ministry of Energy and Minerals requesting payment of any unpaid license fees plus 50% penalty, and the Company fails to respond within 30 days. The Company has not received a letter of demand. The potential penalty relating to unpaid license fees is approximately $201,000 (August 31, 2017 - $404,000). The Company has recorded an accrual for all valid and active mining licenses.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Transactions with Related Parties

 

Related parties include the Board of Directors and officers, close family members and enterprises that are controlled by these individuals as well as certain consultants performing similar functions.

 

(a) Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation entered into the following transactions with related parties:

 

Six month ended February 28,  Notes  2018  2017
Legal services   
(i)
    
$Nil
   $82,455 
Consulting   
(ii)
   $106,051   $89,035 
Consulting   
(iii)
    
$Nil
   $172,330 

 

(i) The Company engages a legal firm for professional services in which one of the Company’s directors is a partner. During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, the legal expense charged by the firm was $nil (2017 - $82,455). As at February 28, 2018, $350,940 remains payable (August 31, 2017 - $370,940).

 

(ii) During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, $106,051 (2017 - $89,035) was paid for heap leach construction consulting and website/data back-up services to companies controlled by individuals associated with the former CEO and current director.

 

(iii) During the six month period ended February 28, 2018, $nil (2017 - $172,330) was paid for grade control drilling, license fees and other consulting services to Stamico, the Company’s joint venture partner on the Buckreef Gold Project.

 

 

10

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

As at February 28, 2018, the Company has a receivable of $37,247 (August 31, 2017 - $37,247) from an organization associated with the Company’s President and former CEO and current director and from current officers and directors.

 

During the year ended August 31, 2015, the Company sold automotive and mining equipment in the amount of $243,805 to directors of the Company and $333,700 to the Company’s former CEO and current director for total proceeds of $577,505 as described in Note 4. Pursuant to the agreements, the Company entered into 1-year lease agreements on the automotive and mining equipment with effective dates in May 2015. Per the terms of the leases, the Company agrees to purchase back the automotive and mining equipment at the end of the lease periods for a lump sum payment of USD$74,848. The initial base payments vary between the agreements and range between $3,500 and $8,000 payable monthly. The effective interest rate on the capital lease obligation outstanding is between 20% and 30%.

 

On December 1, 2016, the Company entered into settlement agreements whereby a total of $343,623 in principal and accrued interest was settled through the issuance of 458,329 shares issued

at an average price of $0.63 per share for total issued value of $288,747, resulting in a gain on settlement of debt of $54,876 for the year ended August 31, 2017.

 

As at February 28, 2018, the remaining balance outstanding under finance lease obligations after the settlements described above is $61,515 (August 31, 2017 - $56,631) and is repayable within 1 year, as such, the finance lease obligation is classified as a current liability.

 

(b) Remuneration of Directors and key management personnel (being the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer) of the Company was as follows:

 

Six months ended February 28,  2018  2017
   Fees, salaries and benefits (1)  Share based payments (2), (3), (4)  Fees, salaries and benefits (1)  Share based payments (2), (3)
Management  $341,136   $773,348   $216,931   $1,079,227 
Directors   55,813    414,000    55,813    69,734 
Total  $396,949   $1,187,348   $272,744   $1,148,961 

 

 

(1) Salaries and benefits include director fees. The board of directors do not have employment or service contracts with the Company. Directors are entitled to director fees and RSU’s for their services and officers are entitled to cash remuneration and RSU’s for their services.

(2) Compensation shares may carry restrictive legends.

(3) All RSU share based compensation is based on the accounting expense recorded in the year.

(4) All stock option share based compensation is based on the accounting expense recorded in the year.

 

 

11

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

As at February 28, 2018, included in trade and other payables is $746,000 (August 31, 2017 - $638,000) due to these key management personnel with no specific terms of repayment.

 

The Company’s former CEO and current director provided various loans to the Company totaling $133,632. On December 1, 2016, the Company entered into settlement agreements whereby the remaining balance of $136,519 was settled through the issuance of 187,321 shares issued

at an average price of $0.705 per share for total issued value of $131,998, resulting in a gain on settlement of debt of $4,521 for the year ended August 31, 2017.
As at February 28, 2018 $nil (August 31, 2017 - $nil) is outstanding. The balance is payable on demand, interest free, and unsecured.

 

Restricted Stock Unit Plan

 

The Restricted Stock Unit Plan (RSU Plan) is intended to enhance the Company’s and its affiliates’ abilities to attract and retain highly qualified officers, directors, key employees and other persons, and to motivate such officers, directors, key employees and other persons to serve the Company and its affiliates and to expend maximum effort to improve the business results and earnings of the Company, by providing to such persons an opportunity to acquire or increase a direct proprietary interest in the operations and future success of the Company. To this end, the RSU Plan provides for the grant of restricted stock units (RSUs). Each RSU represents an entitlement to one common share of the Company, upon vesting. As of November 29, 2016, the Board resolved to amend the suspension to 800,000 of the 2,500,000 common shares previously authorized for issuance under the RSU Plan, such that a maximum of 2,500,000 shares shall be authorized for issuance under the RSU Plan, until such suspension may be lifted or further amended. RSU awards may, but need not, be subject to performance incentives to reward attainment of annual or long-term performance goals in accordance with the terms of the RSU Plan. Any such performance goals are specified in the award agreement.

 

Of the 2,500,000 shares authorized for issuance under the Plan, 2,114,853 (August 31, 2017 - 2,114,853) shares have been issued as at February 28, 2018.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

Assessment of Recoverability of Mineral Property Costs

 

The deferred cost of mineral properties and their related development costs are deferred until the properties are placed into production, sold or abandoned. These costs will be amortized over the estimated useful life of the properties following the commencement of production. Cost includes both the cash consideration as well as the fair market value of any securities issued on the acquisition of mineral properties. Properties acquired under option agreements or joint ventures, whereby payments are made at the sole discretion of the Company, are recorded in the accounts at such time as the payments are made. The proceeds from property options granted reduce the cost of the related property and any excess over cost is applied to income The Company’s recorded value of its exploration properties is based on historical costs that expect to be recovered in the future. The Company’s recoverability evaluation is based on market conditions for minerals, underlying mineral resources associated with the properties and future costs that may be required for ultimate realization through mining operations or by sale.

 

 

12

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Assessment of Recoverability of Deferred Income Tax Assets

 

The Company follows the balance sheet method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized for the estimated tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured using substantively enacted tax rates. The effect on the deferred tax liabilities and assets of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period that the change occurs. Deferred income tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences, carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses, to the extent that is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary difference and the carry forward of unused credits and unused tax losses can be utilized. In preparing the consolidated financial statements, the Company is required to estimate its income tax obligations. This process involves estimating the actual tax exposure together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for tax and accounting purposes. The Company assesses, based on all available evidence, the likelihood that the deferred income tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and, to the extent that recovery cannot be considered probable, the deferred tax asset is not recognized.

 

Estimate of Share Based Payments, Warrant Liability, Embedded Derivatives Associated Assumptions

 

The Company recorded share based payments based on an estimate of the fair value on the grant date of share based payments issued and reviews its foreign currency denominated warrants each period based on their fair value. The accounting required for the warrant liability and the derivative liability embedded in the gold bullion loan requires estimates of interest rate, life of the warrant, stock price volatility and the application of the Black-Scholes option pricing model. See note 7 of the February 28, 2018 unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for full disclosure.

 

Critical accounting policies

 

Mineral Properties

 

All direct costs related to the acquisition and exploration and development of specific properties are capitalized as incurred. If a property is brought into production, these costs will be amortized against the income generated from the property. If a property is abandoned, sold or impaired, an appropriate charge will be made to the statement of comprehensive loss at the date of such impairment. Discretionary option payments arising on the acquisition of mining properties are only recognized when paid. Amounts received from other parties to earn an interest in the Company's mining properties are applied as a reduction of the mining property and deferred exploration and development costs until all capitalized costs are recovered at which time additional reimbursements are recorded in the statement of comprehensive loss, except for administrative reimbursements which are credited to operations.

 

Consequential revenue from the sale of metals, extracted during the Company's test mining activities, is recognized on the date the mineral concentrate level is agreed upon by the Company and customer, as this coincides with the transfer of title, the risk of ownership, the determination of the amount due under the terms of settlement contracts the Company has with its customer, and collection is reasonably assured. Revenues from properties earned prior to the commercial production stage are deducted from capitalized costs.

 

 

13

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

The amounts shown for mining claims and related deferred costs represent costs incurred to date, less amounts expensed or written off, reimbursements and revenue, and do not necessarily reflect present or future values of the particular properties. The recoverability of these costs is dependent upon discovery of economically recoverable reserves and future production or proceeds from the disposition thereof.

 

The Company reviews the carrying value of a mineral exploration property when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. If the carrying value of the property exceeds its fair value, the property will be written down to fair value with the provision charged against operations in the year of impairment. An impairment is also recorded when management determines that it will discontinue exploration or development on a property or when exploration rights or permits expire.

 

Ownership in mineral properties involves certain risks due to the difficulties in determining the validity of certain claims as well as the potential for problems arising from the frequently ambiguous conveyance history characteristic of many mineral interests. The Company has investigated the ownership of its mineral properties and, to the best of its knowledge, ownership of its interests are in good standing.

 

Capitalized mineral property exploration costs are those directly attributable costs related to the search for, and evaluation of mineral resources that are incurred after the Company has obtained legal rights to explore a mineral property and before the technical feasibility and commercial viability of a mineral reserve are demonstrable. Any costs incurred prior to obtaining the legal right to explore a mineral property are expensed as incurred. Field overhead costs directly related to exploration are capitalized and allocated to mineral properties explored. All other overhead and administration costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Once an economically viable reserve has been determined for a property and a decision has been made to proceed with development has been approved, acquisition, exploration and development costs previously capitalized to the mineral property are first tested for impairment and then classified as property, plant and equipment under construction.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

At each date of the statement of financial position, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its tangible and intangible assets to determine whether there is an indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the assets belong.

 

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in the statement of comprehensive loss.

 

 

14

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years.

 

The Company’s most critical accounting estimate relates to the impairment of mineral properties and deferred exploration costs. Management assesses impairment of its exploration prospects quarterly. If an impairment results, the capitalized costs associated with the related project or area of interest are charged to expense.

 

Asset Retirement Obligations

 

The Company recognizes liabilities for statutory, contractual, constructive or legal obligations, including those associated with the reclamation of mineral properties and property, plant and equipment, when those obligations result from the acquisition, construction, development or normal operation of the assets. Initially, a liability for an asset retirement obligation is recognized at its fair value in the period in which it is incurred. Upon initial recognition of the liability, the corresponding asset retirement obligation is added to the carrying amount of the related asset and the cost is amortized as an expense over the economic life of the asset using either the unit-of-production method or the straight-line method, as appropriate. Following the initial recognition of the asset retirement obligation, the carrying amount of the liability is increased for the passage of time and adjusted for changes to the current market-based discount rate, amount or timing of the underlying cash flows needed to settle the obligation.

 

Financial Instruments

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company designated its other financial assets, derivatives in convertible senior notes and warrant liability as fair value through profit and loss, which are measured at fair value. Fair value of other financial assets is determined based on quoted market prices and is categorized as Level 1 measurement. Fair value of warrant liability and derivatives in convertible senior notes are categorized as Level 3 measurement as it is calculated based on unobservable market inputs. Trade and other receivables and cash and cash equivalents are classified as loans and receivables, which are measured at amortized cost. Trade and other payables and convertible debt are classified as other financial liabilities, which are measured at amortized cost. Fair value of trade and other payables and convertible debt are determined from transaction values that are not based on observable market data.

 

The carrying value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables, trade and other payables approximate their fair value due to the relatively short term nature of these instruments.

 

Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information and information about financial instruments. These estimates are subject to and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment, therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates.

 

 

15

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

A summary of the Company's risk exposures as they relate to financial instruments are reflected below:

 

Credit Risk

Credit risk is the risk of an unexpected loss if a third party to a financial instrument fails to meet its contractual obligations. The Company is subject to credit risk on the cash balances at the bank and accounts and other receivables and the carrying value of those accounts represent the Company’s maximum exposure to credit risk. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents and short-term bank investments are with Schedule 1 banks or equivalents. The accounts and other receivables consist of GST/HST and VAT receivable from the various government agencies and amounts due from related parties. The Company has not recorded an impairment or allowance for credit risk as at February 28, 2018, or August 31, 2017.

 

Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rate. The Company’s bank accounts earn interest income at variable rates. The bullion loan carries a fixed rate of interest. The Company’s future interest income is exposed to changes in short-term rates. As at February 28, 2018, a 1% increase/decrease in interest rates would decrease/increase net loss for the period by approximately $4,000 (2017 - $24,000).

 

Liquidity Risk

The Company’s approach to managing liquidity risk is to ensure that it will have sufficient liquidity to meet liabilities when due. As at February 28, 2018, the Company had current assets of $1,257,862 (August 31, 2017 - $1,922,088) and current liabilities of $11,180,136 (August 31, 2017 - $8,474,464). All of the Company’s trade payables and receivables have contractual maturities of less than 90 days and are subject to normal trade terms. Current working capital deficiency of the Company is $9,922,274 (August 31, 2017 - $6,552,376 working capital deficiency). The Company will require additional financing in order to conduct its planned work programs on mineral properties and the development and construction of the Buckreef Project, meet its ongoing levels of corporate overhead and discharge its liabilities as they come due.

 

Foreign Currency Risk

The Company is exposed to the financial risk related to the fluctuation of foreign exchange rates. The Company has offices in Canada, USA, and Tanzania, but holds cash mainly in Canadian and United States currencies. A significant change in the currency exchange rates between the Canadian dollar relative to US dollar and Tanzanian shillings could have an effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position, or cash flows. At February 28, 2018, the Company had no hedging agreements in place with respect to foreign exchange rates. As a majority of the transactions of the Company are denominated in US and Tanzanian Shilling currencies, a 10% movement in the foreign exchange rate will have an impact of approximate $825,000 on the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

 

Disclosure of Outstanding Share Data

 

As at the date of this MD&A, there were 122,437,228 common shares outstanding, 4,562,901 share purchase warrants outstanding, 510,000 RSUs outstanding, and 7,432,000 stock options outstanding.

 

 

16

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Outlook

 

The Company’s Board of Directors has confirmed the strategic objective of the Corporation is to develop the Buckreef Gold Project based on the conceptual production plan as published in the NI43-101 compliant Mining Feasibility Report (April 2017). The production plans including financial analysis projections on the Buckreef encompassing the Buckreef Main, South, Eastern Porphyry, Bingwa and Tembo open pit mines. Management has recommended immediate implementation of the mining and processing plan once the renewal certificate has been received from the Ministry of Mines.

 

The Company continues exploring and evaluating various mineral properties in the portfolio, notable among them being Itetemia, Luhala and Kigosi. In addition, management decided that Itetemia’s Golden Horseshoe Reef (GHR) represents a modest, yet robust, medium-grade, near surface gold deposit whose feasibility studies resulted in the application for a substantive Mining License that is still to be granted. The Luhala property holds modest but low cost gold extraction potential and still classified as an advanced stage exploration project. Kigosi project is a pre-production mining project whose development has been delayed due to recently enacted laws on mining in areas designated as game reserves.

Based on the Management’s adoption and implementation of the recommendations from the Executive Technical team to classify of all the company’s various Prospecting License (PL) holdings under three project categories identified as PLs to Retain, PLs for Joint venture & PLs to Discard/Abandon, efforts to pay up all outstanding annual fees on the PLs in the PLs to Retain and/or JV category are progressing well.

 

The five (5) critical target projects were identified as Buckreef project, Buziba project, Kigosi project, Itetemia project and Luhala project. The Buziba project was traditionally lumped up under Buckreef project in previous annual reports but will now be treated as a standalone project. Brief descriptions of PL holdings and financial obligation status for each respective project area as of March 31, 2018 are summarized in the sections below.

 

 

 

 

17

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Exploration Summary

 

The continuity of expenditures on mineral properties is as follows:

 

 

 

18

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Buckreef Project

 

Mine Development and Operations

 

The Buckreef Project is in the Geita District of the Geita Region south of Lake Victoria, some 110km southwest of the city of Mwanza (see Figure, overleaf). The project area can be accessed by ferry across Smiths Sound, via tarred national road and thereafter via unpaved but well-maintained gravel roads. The Project comprises five prospects namely Buckreef, Bingwa, Tembo, Eastern Porphyry and Buziba. The Buckreef prospect encompasses three ore zones namely Buckreef South, Buckreef Main and Buckreef North. The Project is fully-licensed for mining and extraction of gold.

 

The following cumulative work was completed up to 31st March 2018:

 

·
No mining or ore processing activities conducted at the Buckreef project during the reporting period. Status of the project for the quarter-ended 31st March 2018 is still care and maintenance while we wait for the issuance of the renewed SML certificate.
·
Historical cumulative total ore mined from the Buckreef South pilot pit as of 31st March 2018 remains at 119,725.59t averaging 1.86g/t Au with total contained metal ounces of 7,161.24.
·
The disposition of the Ore stockpiled as of 31st August 2018, remains as follows: ROMPAD: 72,315.66t @1.39g/t Au (3,237.96 Ozs); Pad#1: 20,931.75t @2.29g/t Au (1,541.77 Ozs); Pad#2: 12,943.78t @2.78g/t Au (1,155.55 Ozs); Pad#3: 9,237.90t @ 3.85g/t Au (1,143.49 Ozs) & Crusher Pad: 4,245t @ 3.86 g/t Au (526.62 Ozs).
·
Finalization of a detailed but provisional Buckreef Mine Closure plan based on technical data from the published and updated Buckreef Technical Feasibility Report of April 2017. Mine Closure Plan will be submitted for registration with Ministry of Mines and National Environmental Management Council (NEMC) of Tanzania once renewal certificate has been received.
·
Marked, cleared and surveyed the Buckreef Main Pit outline.
·
Marked and surveyed grade control RC drill-sites covering the entire Buckreef Main pit zone.

·
Sourced three (3) quotes for the proposed 42,000m grade control drilling program, the first stage prior to actual mining on the Buckreef Main pit.
·
Marked, cleared and surveyed the two proposed sites for the Tailings Storage Facility.

 

Buziba Project

During the reporting period, no fieldwork was conducted in the project area.

 

The Buziba Project comprises a single prospecting license (PL6545/2010) located some 25km east of the Buckreef project in the Geita district (see Figure, overleaf). The project area can be accessed from Buckreef via unpaved and poorly maintained gravel roads. The Project is a pre-development stage medium grade gold deposit and principal host lithologies include basalt, co-magmatic dolerite and a suite of intrusive quartz-albite felsic porphyries. Gold mineralization associated with shear-hosted vein quartz arrays in meta-basalts and as extensive stock works in the felsic porphyries. Geometry of the mineralization is highly irregular, forming a zone 200m thick and extending E-W for at least 2,500m.

 

 

19

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Based on an NI43-101 compliant Preliminary Economic Report published in 2012 and subsequently in 2014, the global gold resources (Measured, Indicated & Inferred) estimated over approximately 2.5km strike length and to a depth of 230 metres below surface amounts to 29Mt@1.04g/t containing 984,144ozs of gold.

 

License Holding and Status (Buckreef & Buziba)

 

At the end of Q1_2018, the Buckreef and Buziba projects had 13 PLs and 1 SML covering a surface area of 95.38km2. The license status and statutory liabilities for the two projects are as shown in the table below:

 

 

·
PL and SML annual fees for 2017/2018 paid up.
·
The Buckreef Renewal Licence SML04/92 certificate issuance ceremony was postponed indefinitely by the Ministry of Energy and Minerals (MEM) after the Minister failed to sign the document as planned on 7th March 2017.
·
A review of the proposed land compensation for villagers affected by the proposed mining activity underway by the newly appointed Minister of Mines.

 

Itetemia Project

 

During the reporting period, no fieldwork was conducted in the project area.

 

The Itetemia gold deposit includes the mineral resources of the Golden Horseshoe Reef (“GHR”), and is an advanced stage exploration project focusing on the development of the GHR. A total of 9,833m of diamond core drilling (51 holes) and 8,339m of RC drilling (138 holes) was completed on the project. Modeling and processing of assay results from both the core drilling and RC drilling so far completed over the GHR and surrounding areas culminated in the estimation of the following Mineral Resources by CSA Australia Pty (Ltd) (“CSA”). The gold resource numbers for the GHR are as at 30th May 2016 using a cut-off grade of 1.0g/t:

 

 

 

 

20

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

The process to convert the PL covering the Horseshoe Gold Prospect at Itetemia into a Mining License (ML) commenced on 4th November 2015. The Company re-submitted all documentation required for the conversion of the Itetemia PL into a Mining License at the request of the relevant authorities in the Ministry of Mines. A follow up on the Mining License renewal shows that the application is still under review.

 

As of the 31st March 2018, the retained portion of the Itetemia project area has 6 active PLs and 1 ML application all covering a surface area of 31.92km2. The Itetemia Project license status and statutory liabilities are as shown in the table below:

 

 

·
Only two of the Itetemia PLs nominated for retention by the company have outstanding annual fee payments as shown above. The rest are either under application or pending renewal.
·
Two (2) PLs expired in October & December 2017 and applications for renewal will be submitted in next reporting quarter pending payment of all outstanding fees and penalties.
·
Renewal applications for 4 of the critical licenses are still being processed and application fee payment was completed and posted online.
·
The ML application is still under review for over 2 years now and no response on the delayed application have been received from MEM offices. The ML application covers three (3) licenses registered under Tanzam2000 and one (1) license registered under Tancan Mining.

 

 

·
Follow-up enquiries with the licensing officer established that the processing of renewal applications and new applications are still on-hold pending finalization of the re-organization of the various departments within the Ministry as well as appointment of the 6-member Mining Commissioning as stated in the new mining regulations gazetted in February 2018.

 

 

21

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Kigosi Project

 

During the reporting period, no fieldwork was conducted in the project area.

 

Kigosi Project area remains subject to a Game Reserve Declaration Order. Upon repeal or amendment of that order by the Tanzanian Government, the Kigosi Mining Company will be legally entitled to exercise its rights under the Mineral Rights and Mining Licence. A recent pronouncement by the Honorable President of Tanzania to local villagers in Ushirombo stated that his government had commenced procedures for de-gazetting part of the Kigosi-Moyowosi game reserve area to afford villagers extended land for agriculture and mining activities. We await the completion of this program with bated breath.

 

Gold Mine development plans at Kigosi continue to be shelved mainly since under the 2010 Mining Act, only exploration and mining of energy minerals, including uranium, gas and petroleum is permitted in any game reserve. Historical exploration on the project established a resource as shown in table below.

 

Kigosi Gold Project: Historical published Resource/Reserve results

 

Kigosi Resource Table

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

The table below shows the status (as of 31st March 2018) of the Kigosi Project license portfolio (identified as critical to the project) has 9 active PLs and 1 ML all covering a surface area of 126.44km2. The license status and statutory liabilities are as shown in the table below:

 

Kigosi Gold Project PL Portfolio Status – PLs Proposed for Retaining

 

·
All the Kigosi PLs nominated for retention by the company have outstanding annual fee payments.

·
Kigosi ML 2017/2018 annual fees were due in October 2017 but have been withheld due to finalization of access negotiations or pending de-gazetting of the area into a forestry reserve.
·
PL6273/2009 technically expired in December 2017 and no renewal application has been submitted due to the outstanding annual fee payments.
·
Access to the project area is still difficult due to the prevailing uncertainty with the new laws enacted recently with especial reference to game reserves.

 

Luhala Project

 

During the reporting period, no fieldwork was conducted in the project area.

 

The Luhala Project is an advanced stage exploration project focusing on the development of the Luhala gold deposit which consists of five anomalous hilltops. The mineralization is stratabound shear-zone hosted gold mineralization (stratigraphic and structural control) within a distinct unit of felsic rocks with associated ferruginized mafic and felsic rocks.

 

Drilling at the Luhala Project has been concentrated on the Luhala Hills (Luhala Hill, Kisunge Hill, Shilalo Hill South and Shilalo Hill West). A total of 3,279m of diamond core drilling (26 holes) and 8,665m of RC drilling (144 holes) was completed on the project. Modeling and processing of assay results from both the core drilling and RC drilling conducted over the various deposits at Luhala, has to-date resulted in the estimation, by CSA, of the following Mineral Resources for Luhala as at 8th March 2011 using a cut-off grade of 1.0g/t:

 

 

23

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Luhala Gold Project: Historical published exploration results

 

 

 

The process of selecting a consultant to carry out feasibility study at the Luhala gold project has been completed and once funds are available the contract to engage the consultant to carry out the study will be signed to initiate the FS study works.

 

At the end of this reporting quarter critical Luhala project area had 2 PLs covering a surface area of 17.31km2. The Luhala Project license status and statutory liabilities are as shown in the table below:

 

Luhala Gold Project PL Portfolio Status - PLs Proposed for Retaining

 

 

·
Payment of outstanding annual fees for the critical Luhala PLs was completed as one of the conditions to submit renewal or extension applications.
·
Follow-up enquiries with the licensing officer established that the processing of renewal applications and new applications are still on-hold pending finalization of the re-organization of the various departments within the Ministry as well as appointment of the 6-member Mining Commissioning as stated in the new mining regulations gazetted in February 2018.

 

Exploration Projects

 

Following the Company’s decision to include mine development to its strategy of generating maximum revenue from its extensive portfolio of properties and with the rising costs of maintaining prospecting and other licences in Tanzania, management continues to streamline its license portfolio in Tanzania.

 

Liabilities for Prospecting Licenses proposed for possible Joint Venture partnerships are summarized in the table below.

 

 

24

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Liabilities for PLs Proposed for Joint Ventures (All projects)

 

 

·
All the PLs have outstanding annual fee and penalty fee payments.
·
PLs highlighted in red have technically expired thus a liability due to be written off our books once Ministry of Mines effects forfeiture in due course.

 

Liabilities for Prospecting Licenses proposed for relinquishment or discarding are summarized in the table below.

 

Liabilities for PLs Proposed for Discard (All projects)

 

 

·
All the PLs have outstanding annual fee and penalty fee payments.
·
PLs highlighted in black have technically expired thus a liability due to be written off our books once Ministry of Mines effects forfeiture in due course.

 

Based on the continuing streamlining of the PL-holdings exercise, all outstanding, current and future financial liabilities and obligations arising from our total land-holdings in unpaid rents including the penalties is ~US$861,559.50 made up as follows:

 

·
US$497,389.00: PLs to Retain;
·
US$103,020.00: PLs to Joint Venture &
·
US$261,150.50: PLs to Discard.

 

 

25

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Risk Factors

 

The Company is subject to a number of extraneous risk factors over which it has no control. These factors are common to most exploration companies and include, among others: project ownership and exploration risk, depressed equity markets and related financing risk, commodity price risk, fluctuating exchange rates, environmental risk, insurance risk, sovereign risk. For further details on the risk factors affecting the Company, please see the Company’s Form 20-F Annual Report for year ended August 31, 2017 filed on SEDAR as the Company’s Annual Information Form.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures (“DC&P”)

 

Requirements of NI 52-109 include conducting an evaluation of the effectiveness of DC&P. Management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of the DC&P in place as of February 28, 2018 and concluded that such procedures are adequate and effective to ensure accurate and complete disclosures in filings. Any system control over disclosure procedures, particularly for junior exploration companies, no matter how well designed and implemented, has inherent limitations and may not prevent or detect all inaccuracies. These limitations include limited personnel available for such work, geographical logistics and human error among others. The Board of Directors assess the integrity of the public financial disclosures through the oversight of the Audit Committee.

 

Internal Control Over Financial Reporting (“ICFR”)

 

Requirements of NI 52-109 include conducting an evaluation of the effectiveness of ICFR. Management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of the ICFR in place as of February 28, 2018 and concluded that such procedures are adequate and effective to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of the Company’s financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards. Any system of internal control over financial reporting, no matter how well designed and implemented, has inherent limitations and may not prevent or detect all misstatements.

 

The Company’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) are responsible for the design and effectiveness of disclosure controls and procedures (“DC&P”) and the design of internal control over financial reporting (“ICFR”) to provide reasonable assurance that material information related to the Company is made known to the Company’s certifying officers. The Company’s controls are based on the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (“COSO”) 2013 framework. The Company’s CEO and the CFO have evaluated the design and effectiveness of the Company’s DC&P as of February 28, 2018 and have concluded that these controls and procedures are effective in providing reasonable assurance that material information relating to the Company is made known to them by others within the Company. The CEO and CFO have also evaluated the design and effectiveness of the Company’s ICFR as of February 28, 2018 and concluded that these controls and procedures are effective in providing reasonable assurance that financial information is recorded, processed, summarized and reported in a timely manner.

 

During the current period there have been no changes in the Company’s DC&P or ICFR that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

26

 

Management Discussion and Analysis

February 28, 2018

 

 

Additional Information

 

The Company is a Canadian public company listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange trading under the symbol “TNX” and also listed on the NYSE MKT LLC trading under the symbol “TRX”. Additional information about the Company and its business activities is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and the Company’s website at www.tanzanianroyalty.com .

 

Approval

 

The Board of Directors of Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation has approved the disclosure contained in the interim MD&A. A copy of this interim MD&A will be provided to anyone who requests it. It is also available on the SEDAR website at www.sedar.com

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

Except for statements of historical fact relating to the Company, certain information contained in this MD&A constitutes “forward-looking information” under Canadian securities legislation. Forward-looking information includes, but is not limited to, statements with respect to the potential of the Company’s properties; the future prices of base and precious metals; success of exploration activities, cost and timing of future exploration and development; the estimation of mineral reserves and mineral resources; conclusions of economic evaluations; requirements for additional capital; and other statements relating to the financial and business prospects of the Company. Generally, forward-looking information can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “plans”, “expects”, or “does not expect”, “is expected”, “budget”, “scheduled”, “estimates”, “forecasts”, “intends”, “anticipates” or “does not anticipate”, or “believes”, or “variations of such words and phrases or statements that certain actions, events or results “may” , “could”, “would”, “might” or “will be taken”, “occur” or “be achieved”. Forward-looking information is based on the reasonable assumptions, estimates, analysis and opinions of management made in light of its experience and its perception of trends, current conditions and expected developments at Buckreef or other mining or exploration projects, as well as other factors that management believes to be relevant and reasonable in the circumstances at the date that such statements are made, and is inherently subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements of the Company to be materially different from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking information, including but not limited to risks related to: unexpected events and delays during permitting; the possibility that future exploration results will not be consistent with the Company’s expectations; timing and availability of external financing on acceptable terms in light of the current decline in global liquidity and credit availability; uncertainty of inferred mineral resources; future prices of base and precious metals; currency exchange rates; government regulation of mining operations; failure of equipment or processes to operate as anticipated; risks inherent in base and precious metal exploration and development including environmental hazards, industrial accidents, unusual or unexpected geological formations; and uncertain political and economic environments. Although management of the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking information, there may be other factors that cause results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. There can be no assurance that such statements will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking information. The Company does not undertake to update any forward-looking information, except in accordance with applicable securities laws.

 

 

27

 

exh_993.htm EXHIBIT 99.3


ENT> EX-99.3 4 exh_993.htm EXHIBIT 99.3

Exhibit 99.3

 

 

Form 52-109F2

Certification of Interim Filings

Full Certificate

 

 

I, Jeffrey Duval, Acting Chief Executive Officer of Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation, certify the following:

 

1.Review: I have reviewed the interim financial report and interim MD&A (together, the “interim filings”) of Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation (the “issuer”) for the interim period ended February 28, 2018.

 

2.No misrepresentations: Based on my knowledge, having exercised reasonable diligence, the interim filings do not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated or that is necessary to make a statement not misleading in light of the circumstances under which it was made, with respect to the period covered by the interim filings.

 

3.Fair presentation: Based on my knowledge, having exercised reasonable diligence, the interim financial report together with the other financial information included in the interim filings fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, financial performance and cash flows of the issuer, as of the date of and for the periods presented in the interim filings.

 

4.Responsibility: The issuer’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (DC&P) and internal control over financial reporting (ICFR), as those terms are defined in National Instrument 52-109 Certification of Disclosure in Issuers’ Annual and Interim Filings, for the issuer.

 

5.Design: Subject to the limitations, if any, described in paragraphs 5.2 and 5.3, the issuer’s other certifying officer(s) and I have, as at the end of the period covered by the interim filings

 

(a)designed DC&P, or caused it to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance that

 

(i)material information relating to the issuer is made known to us by others, particularly during the period in which the interim filings are being prepared; and

 

(ii)information required to be disclosed by the issuer in its annual filings, interim filings or other reports filed or submitted by it under securities legislation is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in securities legislation; and

 

(b)designed ICFR, or caused it to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with the issuer’s GAAP.

 

5.1Control framework: The control framework the issuer’s other certifying officer(s) and I used to design the issuer’s ICFR is the Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”).

 

5.2ICFR – material weakness relating to design: N/A

 

5.3Limitation on scope of design: N/A

 

1

 

6.Reporting changes in ICFR: The issuer has disclosed in its interim MD&A any change in the issuer’s ICFR that occurred during the period beginning on December 1, 2017 and ended on February 28, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the issuer’s ICFR.

 

 

Date:     April 12, 2018

 

“Jeffrey Duval”

__________________________

Jeffrey Duval

Acting Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

exh_994.htm EXHIBIT 99.4


ENT> EX-99.4 5 exh_994.htm EXHIBIT 99.4

Exhibit 99.4

 

 

Form 52-109F2

Certification of Interim Filings

Full Certificate

 

 

I, Marco Guidi, Chief Financial Officer of Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation, certify the following:

 

1.Review: I have reviewed the interim financial report and interim MD&A (together, the “interim filings”) of Tanzanian Royalty Exploration Corporation (the “issuer”) for the interim period ended February 28, 2018.

 

2.No misrepresentations: Based on my knowledge, having exercised reasonable diligence, the interim filings do not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated or that is necessary to make a statement not misleading in light of the circumstances under which it was made, with respect to the period covered by the interim filings.

 

3.Fair presentation: Based on my knowledge, having exercised reasonable diligence, the interim financial report together with the other financial information included in the interim filings fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, financial performance and cash flows of the issuer, as of the date of and for the periods presented in the interim filings.

 

4.Responsibility: The issuer’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (DC&P) and internal control over financial reporting (ICFR), as those terms are defined in National Instrument 52-109 Certification of Disclosure in Issuers’ Annual and Interim Filings, for the issuer.

 

5.Design: Subject to the limitations, if any, described in paragraphs 5.2 and 5.3, the issuer’s other certifying officer(s) and I have, as at the end of the period covered by the interim filings

 

(a)designed DC&P, or caused it to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance that

 

(i)material information relating to the issuer is made known to us by others, particularly during the period in which the interim filings are being prepared; and

 

(ii)information required to be disclosed by the issuer in its annual filings, interim filings or other reports filed or submitted by it under securities legislation is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in securities legislation; and

 

(b)designed ICFR, or caused it to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with the issuer’s GAAP.

 

5.1Control framework: The control framework the issuer’s other certifying officer(s) and I used to design the issuer’s ICFR is the Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”).

 

5.2ICFR – material weakness relating to design: N/A

 

5.3Limitation on scope of design: N/A

 

1

 

6.Reporting changes in ICFR: The issuer has disclosed in its interim MD&A any change in the issuer’s ICFR that occurred during the period beginning on December 1, 2017 and ended on February 28, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the issuer’s ICFR.

 

 

Date:     April 12, 2018

 

“Marco Guidi”

__________________________

Marco Guidi

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Additional Files
FileSequenceDescriptionTypeSize
0001171843-18-002673.txt   Complete submission text file   3200094
$TNX $TRX

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