Form 8-K/A Lantronix Inc

[Amend] Current report, item 9.01

Published: 2019-09-20 16:52:17
Submitted: 2019-09-20
Period Ending In: 2019-07-05
lantronix_8ka.htm FORM 8-K AMENDMENT


ENT> 8-K/A 1 lantronix_8ka.htm FORM 8-K AMENDMENT

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 


 

FORM 8-K/A

Amendment No. 1

 


 

CURRENT REPORT

 

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): July 5, 2019 

 

 

 

Lantronix, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware
 
1-16027
 
33-0362767
(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

7535 Irvine Center Drive, Suite 100

Irvine, California 92618
(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including zip code)
         
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (949) 453-3990
 
Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each Class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value
LTRX
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
       

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (17 CFR §230.405) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR §240.12b-2).

 

Emerging growth company ☐ 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of Securities Act.

 

 

 

   
 

 

Explanatory Note

 

In its Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 10, 2019 (the “Initial Report”), Lantronix, Inc. (“Lantronix”) reported that its wholly owned subsidiary, Lantronix Holding Company, a Delaware Corporation (“Buyer”), entered into a Share Purchase Agreement with Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited, a Hong Kong private company limited by shares (“MWS”), Fargo Telecom Asia Limited, a Hong Kong private company limited by shares (“FTA”) and Maestro & FALCOM Holdings Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (“Seller”), pursuant to which Buyer purchased from Seller 100% of the issued share capital of each of FTA and MWS for approximately $5,073,000 in cash, net of cash acquired. The purchase consideration reflects preliminary adjustments for cash, debt and transaction expenses, and may be subject to further adjustment. This Current Report on Form 8-K/A amends the Initial Report to provide the historical financial statements and unaudited pro forma information required by Item 9.01(a) and (b) of Form 8-K. This Current Report on Form 8-K/A should be read in conjunction with the Initial Report.

 

Item 9.01
Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(a)
Financial statements of business acquired.

 

The audited combined financial statements of Fargo Telecom Asia Limited, Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited and their subsidiaries as of and for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the notes related thereto, are attached hereto as Exhibit 99.3 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)
Pro forma financial information.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet as of June 30, 2019, and the related pro forma condensed combined statement of operations for the year ended June 30, 2019, and the notes related thereto, that give effect to the acquisition are attached hereto as Exhibit 99.4 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(d) Exhibits.

 

Exhibit

No.

 

Description

   
2.1
 
*+
     
23.1   Consent of RSM Hong Kong (consent of independent registered public accounting firm).
     
99.1   Press Release, dated July 8, 2019.++
     
99.2   Investor Presentation.++
     
99.3   Audited combined financial statements of Fargo Telecom Asia Limited, Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited and their subsidiaries as of and for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.
     
99.4   Unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information as of and for the year ended June 30, 2019.

 

*Portions of this Exhibit, including certain schedules and exhibits to this Exhibit, have been omitted in accordance with Item 601(b) of Regulation S-K. A copy of any omitted information, schedule and/or exhibit will be furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.

 

+Filed with the Initial Report.

 

++Furnished with the Initial Report.

 

 

 

 

 

 2 
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

 

             
           
LANTRONIX, INC.
       
September 20, 2019
         

/s/ Jeremy Whitaker

           
Jeremy Whitaker
           
Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 3 

lantronix_ex2301.htm CONSENT


ENT> EX-23.1 2 lantronix_ex2301.htm CONSENT

Exhibit 23.1

 

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

We consent to the incorporation by reference in the Registration Statements on Form S-8 (No. 333-45182; 333-
54870
; 333-63000; 333-
72322
; 333-85238; 333-
85230
; 333-103395; 333-
116726
; 333-121000; 333-
129282
; 333-137301; 333-
147406
; 333-159291; 333-
164881
; 333-172117; 333-
188490
; 333-210982; 333-
227128
; 333-228399; 333-
231040
) and Form S-3 (Nos. 333-228398; 333-227127) of Lantronix, Inc. of our report dated September 13, 2019, with respect to the combined financial statements of Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited, Fargo Telecom Asia Limited and their subsidiaries included in the Current Report on Form 8-K/A of Lantronix, Inc. dated September 20, 2019.

 

 

/s/ RSM Hong Kong                        

Hong Kong

September 20, 2019

 

lantronix_ex9903.htm FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


ENT> EX-99.3 3 lantronix_ex9903.htm FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Exhibit 99.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

 

Combined Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

   

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

C O N T E N T S    
     
     
     
    Pages
     
     
Independent Auditor’s Report   1 - 2
     
     
Combined Statements of Profit or Loss   3
     
     
Combined Statements of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income   4
     
     
Combined Statements of Financial Position   5 - 6
     
     
Combined Statements of Changes in Equity   7
     
     
Combined Statements of Cash Flows   8 - 9
     
     
Notes to the Combined Financial Statements   10 - 64
     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 i 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT

TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF

Lantronix, Inc.

 

 

 

 

Report on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying combined financial statements of Fargo Telecom Asia Limited, Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited and their subsidiaries (collectively, the “Combined Group”) set out on pages 3 to 69 which comprise the combined statements of financial position as at December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the combined statements of profit or loss, profit or loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for each of the years then ended, and related notes to the combined financial statements.

 

Management’s Responsibility for the Combined Financial Statements

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these combined financial statements in accordance with the basis of preparation and presentation as set out in Note 1 to the combined financial statements; this includes the design, implementation, and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of combined financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

 

Auditor’s Responsibility

Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these combined financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the combined financial statements are free from material misstatement.

 

An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the combined financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor's judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the combined financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the entity's preparation and fair presentation of the combined financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity's internal control. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of significant accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the combined financial statements.

 

We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.

 

Opinion

In our opinion, the combined financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the combined financial position of the Combined Group as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in accordance with the basis of preparation and presentation as set out in Note 1 to the combined financial statements.

 

 

 

 1 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT

TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF

Lantronix, Inc.

 

 

 

 

Emphasis of Matter Regarding Going Concern

The accompanying combined financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Combined Group will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the combined financial statements, the Combined Group had incurred consecutive losses and operating cash outflows for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 and, as at December 31, 2018, the Combined Group had net current liabilities of US$7,228,000 and net liabilities of US$7,111,000. These events or conditions, along with other matters as set out in Note 1, indicate that a material uncertainty exists that may cast significant doubt on the Combined Group’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1. The combined financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. Our opinion is not modified in respect of this matter.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ RSM Hong Kong
Certified Public Accountants
Hong Kong
 
September 13, 2019

 

 

 

 2 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED STATEMENTS OF PROFIT OR LOSS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

   Note   2018   2017 
                
Revenue   6   $10,707   $10,539 
                
Cost of revenue        (6,352)   (6,513)
                
Gross profit        4,355    4,026 
                
Investment and other income   7    212    503 
Other gains and losses, net   8    51    (24)
Impairment loss of trade receivables        (14)   (14)
Impairment loss of other receivables        (12)   (48)
Impairment loss of amounts due from related companies        (93)   (884)
Selling and distribution expenses        (1,829)   (1,815)
Administrative expenses        (2,610)   (1,926)
Other operating expenses        (1,009)   (888)
                
Loss from operations        (949)   (1,070)
                
Finance costs   9    (61)   (61)
                
Loss before tax        (1,010)   (1,131)
                
Income tax   10    9    (31)
                
Loss for the year   11    (1,001)   (1,162)
                
Attributable to:               
                
Owners of Fargo Telecom Asia Limited (“FTA”) and Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited (“Maestro”)        (975)   (1,147)
Non-controlling interests        (26)   (15)
                
        $(1,001)  $(1,162)

 

 

 

 3 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED STATEMENTS OF PROFIT OR LOSS AND

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

   Note   2018   2017 
                
Loss for the year       $(1,001)  $(1,162)
                
                
Other comprehensive income:               
Item that may be reclassified to profit or loss:               
Exchange differences on translating foreign operations        (14)   102 
                
Total comprehensive income for the year        (1,015)   (1,060)
                
Attributable to:               
                
Owners of FTA and Maestro        (984)   (1,058)
Non-controlling interests        (31)   (2)
                
        $(1,015)  $(1,060)

 

 

 

 4 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

AT DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

 
 
Note
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS AND LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment
 
 
14
 
 
$
148
 
 
$
242
 
Intangible assets
 
 
15
 
 
 
15
 
 
 
55
 
Deferred tax assets
 
 
25
 
 
 
9
 
 
 
10
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
172
 
 
 
307
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inventories
 
 
16
 
 
 
1,701
 
 
 
1,707
 
Trade receivables
 
 
17
 
 
 
1,649
 
 
 
1,059
 
Prepayment, deposit and other receivables
 
 
 
 
 
 
206
 
 
 
207
 
Amounts due from related companies
 
 
21
 
 
 
13
 
 
 
91
 
Bank and cash balances
 
 
18
 
 
 
225
 
 
 
615
 
Current tax assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
21
 
 
 
21
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
3,815
 
 
$
3,700
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade payables
 
 
19
 
 
$
1,700
 
 
$
1,203
 
Accruals and other payables
 
 
20
 
 
 
1,433
 
 
 
1,264
 
Amounts due to related companies
 
 
21
 
 
 
2,335
 
 
 
2,301
 
Amount due to a director
 
 
21
 
 
 
128
 
 
 
128
 

Amount due to a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary

 
 

21

 
 
 

9

 
 
 

10

 
Amount due to immediate parent
 
 
21
 
 
 
1,897
 
 
 
1,903
 
Amounts due to intermediate parents
 
 
21
 
 
 
1,489
 
 
 
1,328
 
Borrowings
 
 
22
 
 
 
2,046
 
 
 
1,880
 
Finance lease payables
 
 
23
 
 
 
6
 
 
 
13
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11,043
 
 
 
10,030
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
(7,228
)
 
 
(6,330
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Finance lease payables
 
 
23
 
 
 
19
 
 
 
26
 
Deferred tax liabilities
 
 
25
 
 
 
5
 
 
 
16
 
Retirement benefit obligations
 
 
24
 
 
 
31
 
 
 
31
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
55
 
 
 
73
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
$
(7,111
)
 
$
(6,096
)

 

 

 

 5 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

AT DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
Note
 
 
 
2018
 
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity attributable to owners of FTA and Maestro
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share capital
 
 
26
 
 
$
1
 
 
$
1
 
Reserves
 
 
 
 
 
 
(7,192
)
 
 
(6,208
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(7,191
)
 
 
(6,207
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-controlling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
80
 
 
 
111
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total equity
 
 
 
 
 
$
(7,111
)
 
$
(6,096
)

 

Approved by the following directors on September 13, 2019:

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

/s/ Mr. Jeremy Ray WHITAKER

Director of Fargo Telecom Asia Limited

Director of Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited

 

/s/ Mr. Xavier Francois Pierre DUPONT

Director of Fargo Telecom Asia Limited

Director of Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited

 

 

 

 6 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

   Attributable to owners of FTA and Maestro         
  

Share

capital

   Accumulated losses   Foreign currency translation reserve   Non-
controlling interests
   Total 
                          
At January 1, 2017  $1   $(4,986)  $(164)  $113   $(5,036)
                          
Total comprehensive income for the year       (1,147)   89    (2)   (1,060)
                          
At December 31, 2017 and January 1, 2018   1    (6,133)   (75)   111    (6,096)
                          
Total comprehensive income for the year       (975)   (9)   (31)   (1,015)
                          
At December 31, 2018  $1   $(7,108)  $(84)  $80   $(7,111)

 

 

 

 7 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before tax
 
$
(1,010
)
 
$
(1,131
)
Adjustments for:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance on inventories, net (Note 16)
 
 
150
 
 
 
246
 
Interest income (Note 7)
 
 
 
 
 
(5
)
Gain on disposals of property, plant and equipment (Note 8)
 
 
(3
)
 
 
(4
)
Impairment loss of trade receivables
 
 
14
 
 
 
14
 
Impairment loss of other receivables
 
 
12
 
 
 
48
 
Impairment loss of amounts due from related companies
 
 
93
 
 
 
884
 
Amortization of intangible assets (Note 15)
 
 
38
 
 
 
49
 
Depreciation (Note 14)
 
 
105
 
 
 
138
 
Interest expenses (Note 9)
 
 
61
 
 
 
61
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating (loss)/profit before working capital changes
 
 
(540
)
 
 
300
 
Increase in inventories
 
 
(144
)
 
 
(38
)
(Increase)/decrease in trade receivables
 
 
(604
)
 
 
428
 
Increase in prepayment, deposits and other receivables
 
 
(11
)
 
 
(8
)
Increase in amounts due from related companies
 
 
(15
)
 
 
(882
)
Increase in trade payables
 
 
497
 
 
 
313
 
Increase/(decrease) in accruals and other payables
 
 
169
 
 
 
(403
)
Increase in amount due to a related company
 
 
43
 
 
 
 
Increase in retirement benefits obligations
 
 
4
 
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash used in operations
 
 
(601
)
 
 
(286
)
Interest paid (Note 9)
 
 
(61
)
 
 
(61
)
Tax paid
 
 
(4
)
 
 
(48
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in operating activities
 
 
(666
)
 
 
(395
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income (Note 7)
 
 
 
 
 
5
 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment
 
 
(30
)
 
 
(40
)
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment
 
 
15
 
 
 
22
 
Increase in amount due from a related company
 
 
 
 
 
(79
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in investing activities
 
$
(15
)
 
$
(92
)

 

 

 

 8 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

COMBINED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
2018
 
 
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Decrease in amount due to a related company
 
$
(9
)
 
$
(21
)
Increase in amounts due to a director
 
 
 
 
 
128
 
(Decrease)/increase in amount due to a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary
 
 
(1
)
 
 
2
 
Decrease in amount due to immediate parent
 
 
(6
)
 
 
(17
)
Increase in amount due to intermediate parents
 
 
161
 
 
 
17
 
Import loan raised
 
 
56
 
 
 
1,252
 
Import loan repaid
 
 
 
 
 
(1,857
)
Loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune International Limited (“Dragon Fortune”)
 
 
100
 
 
 
 
Repayment of loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune
 
 
(34
)
 
 
(49
)
Repayment of finance lease payables
 
 
(13
)
 
 
(10
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash generated from/(used in) financing activities
 
 
254
 
 
 
(555
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
 
(427
)
 
 
(1,042
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes
 
 
(13
)
 
 
(99
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF YEAR
 
 
(1,187
)
 
 
(244
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF YEAR
 
$
(1,627
)
 
$
(1,187
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ANALYSIS OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bank and cash balances
 
$
225
 
 
$
615
 
Bank overdrafts
 
$
(1,852
)
 
$
(1,802
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
(1,627
)
 
$
(1,187
)

 

 

 

 9 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

1.BASIS OF PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Fargo Telecom Asia Limited (“FTA”) and Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited (“Maestro”) were incorporated in Hong Kong with limited liability. The address of their registered office and principal place of business is Unit A&B, 9/F., Wing Cheong Industrial Building, 121 King Lam Street, Cheung Sha Wan, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

 

FTA and Maestro were engaged in manufacturing and selling of wireless communication and GNSS tracking modules during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 (the “Reporting Periods”). Throughout the Reporting Periods, in the opinion of FTA and Maestro’s directors, Maestro & FALCOM Holdings Limited (formerly known as Fargo Telecom Holdings Limited), a company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands, was the immediate parent; and Century Win Industrial Limited, a company incorporated in Hong Kong, was the ultimate parent and Mr. Cheng Han Ngok, Steve was the ultimate controlling party of FTA and Maestro.

 

As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, FTA and Maestro had direct or indirect interest in their subsidiaries, all of which are private limited companies, the particulars of which are set out below:

 

Name of subsidiary  Place of
Incorporation/
establishment
  Issued/
paid up
capital
  Attributable equity
interest of the
Combined Group
   Principal
activities
         Direct   Indirect    
                  
Falcom GmbH  Germany  250,000 ordinary shares of
EUR1 each
   83%       R&D, manufacturing and selling of wireless communication and GNSS tracking modules and provision of engineering services
                    
Fargo Telecom Technologies Private Limited  India  50,000 equity shares of Rs.10 each       100%   Selling of wireless communication and GNSS tracking modules
                    
Maestro Europe, Sociedad Limitada (Formerly known as 2Embedcom, SL)  Spain  43,846 ordinary shares of EUR2 each       66.4%   Selling of wireless communication and GNSS tracking modules

 

 

 

 10 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

1.BASIS OF PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONT’D)

 

Name of subsidiary  Place of
Incorporation/
establishment
  Issued/
paid up
capital
  Attributable equity
interest of the
Combined Group
   Principal
activities
          
Direct
    
Indirect
    
                    

新念科技(深圳)有限公司

Maestro China Limited (Formerly known as Smart Gears (Shenzhen)
Limited) (Note)

  The People’s Republic of China  RMB1,500,000       100%   Selling of wireless communication and GNSS tracking modules

 

Note: English name for identified purpose.

 

During the Reporting Periods, FTA, Maestro and their respective subsidiaries (collectively, the “Combined Group”) were under the common control and management of Maestro & FALCOM Holdings Limited, therefore, for the purpose of these combined financial statements, the combined statements of profit or loss, combined statements of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, combined statements of changes in equity and combined statements of cash flows of the Combined Group during the Reporting Periods include the results of the combining companies that comprising the Combined Group. The combined statements of financial position of the Combined Group have been prepared to present the assets and liabilities of combining companies as at December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

The financial information of all combining companies have been prepared in accordance with all applicable International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRSs”) issued by the International Accounting Standard Board (the “IASB”). IFRSs comprise International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”); International Accounting Standards (“IAS”); and Interpretations. Significant accounting policies adopted by the combining companies are disclosed below.

 

The IASB has issued certain new and revised IFRSs that are first effective or available for early adoption for the Reporting Periods of the Combined Group. Note 2 provides information on any changes in accounting policies resulting from initial application of these developments to the extent that they are relevant to the Combined Group for the Reporting Periods reflected in these combined financial statements. For the purpose of these combined financial statements, IFRS 9 Financial Instruments and IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers were early adopted by all combining companies as at January 1, 2017.

 

 

 

 11 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

1.BASIS OF PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONT’D)

 

The Combined Group has incurred consecutive losses and operating cash outflows for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 and as at December 31, 2018 the Combined Group had net current liabilities and net liabilities of US$7,228,000 and US$7,111,000 respectively. These events or conditions indicate the existence of a material uncertainty which may cast significant doubt on the Combined Group’s ability to continue as a going concern. Therefore, the Combined Group may be unable to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business.

 

These combined financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, the validity of which depends upon the financial support of FTA and Maestro’s shareholder, Lantronix, Inc. at a level sufficient to finance the working capital requirements of the Combined Group. Lantronix, Inc. has agreed to provide adequate funds for the Combined Group to meet its liabilities as they fall due. The directors are therefore of the opinion that it is appropriate to prepare the combined financial statements on a going concern basis. Should the Combined Group be unable to continue as a going concern, adjustments would have to be made to the combined financial statements to adjust the value of the Combined Group’s assets to their recoverable amounts, to provide for any further liabilities which might arise and to reclassify non-current assets as current assets.

 

2.ADOPTION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS

 

(a)Early adoption of new IFRSs

 

The Combined Group has early adopted the following IFRSs on January 1, 2017:

 

(i)IFRS 9 Financial Instruments; and
(ii)IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

The nature and effect of the key changes to the Combined Group’s accounting policies resulting from its adoption of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15 are summarized below.

 

IFRS 9 Financial instruments

 

IFRS 9 Financial Instruments replaces the provisions of IAS 39 that relate to the recognition, classification and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities, derecognition of financial instruments, impairment of financial assets and hedge accounting.

 

The Combined Group has applied IFRS 9 in accordance with the transition provisions set out in IFRS 9, i.e. applied the classification and measurement requirements retrospectively to instruments that have not been derecognized as at January 1, 2017 (date of initial application) and has not applied the requirements to instruments that have already been derecognized as at January 1, 2017.

 

The adoption of IFRS 9 resulted in the following changes to the Combined Group’s accounting policies.

 

 

 

 12 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

2.ADOPTION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (CONT’D)

 

(a)Early adoption of new IFRSs (cont’d)

 

IFRS 9 Financial instruments (cont’d)

 

(i)Classification (cont’d)

 

From January 1, 2017, the Combined Group classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

 

those to be measured subsequently at FVTOCI or FVTPL, and
those to be measured at amortized cost.

 

The classification depends on the Combined Group’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.

 

Under the new measurement categories requirement, all of the Combined Group’s financial assets were reclassified as to be measured at amortized cost on January 1, 2017.

 

(ii)Measurement

 

The Combined Group reclassifies debt investments when and only when its business model for managing those assets changes.

 

At initial recognition, the Combined Group measures financial assets at its fair value plus, in the case of financial assets not at FVTPL, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at FVTPL are expensed in profit or loss.

 

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the Combined Group’s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. The Combined Group classifies its debt instruments as measured at amortized cost. Such financial assets are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortized cost. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition is recognized directly in profit or loss and presented in other gains/(losses), together with foreign exchange gains and losses. Impairment losses are presented as separate line item in the statement of profit or loss.

 

 

 

 13 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

2.ADOPTION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (CONT’D)

 

(a)Early adoption of new IFRSs (cont’d)

 

IFRS 9 Financial instruments (cont’d)

 

(iii)Impairment

 

From January 1, 2017, the Combined Group assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its debt instruments carried at amortized cost. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

 

For trade receivables, the Combined Group applies the simplified approach permitted by IFRS 9, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.

 

The early adoption of IFRS 9 on January 1, 2017 has no impact to the Combined Group’s opening accumulated losses as at January 1, 2017 as a result of the application of IFRS 9 classification of measurement categories and impairment model requirements.

 

The measurement categories for all financial liabilities remain the same. The carrying amounts for all financial liabilities at January 1, 2017 have not been impacted by the initial application caused by early adoption.

 

IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers

 

IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers establishes a comprehensive framework for determining whether, how much and when revenue is recognized. It replaced IAS 18 Revenue, IAS 11 Construction Contracts and related interpretations.

 

For the purpose of these combined financial statements, IFRS 15 has been applied retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying this standard recognized at the date of initial application, January 1, 2017. Any difference at the date of initial application is recognized in the opening accumulated losses (or other components of equity, as appropriate). Furthermore, in accordance with the transition provisions in IFRS 15, the Combined Group has elected to apply IFRS 15 retrospectively only to contracts that are not completed at January 1, 2017.

 

The adoption of IFRS 15 does not have a significant impact on how the Combined Group recognizes revenue from sale of its products and services. As a result, there is no impact on the Combined Group’s opening accumulated losses as at January 1, 2017.

 

 

 

 14 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

2.ADOPTION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (CONT’D)

 

(b)New and revised IFRSs in issue but not yet effective

 

The Combined Group has not early applied new and revised IFRSs that have been issued but are not yet effective for the respective financial years. These new and revised IFRSs include the following which may be relevant to the Combined Group.

 

   Effective for accounting
periods beginning
on or after
    
IFRS 16 Leases  January 1, 2019
    
IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments  January 1, 2019
    
Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2015 -2017 Cycle  January 1, 2019

 

The Combined Group is in the process of making an assessment of what the impact of these amendments and new standards is expected to be in the period of initial application. So far the Combined Group has identified some aspects of IFRS 16 which may have certain impact on the combined financial statements. Further details of the expected impacts are discussed below. While the assessment has been substantially completed for IFRS 16, the actual impacts upon the initial adoption of the standards may differ as the assessment completed to date is based on the information currently available to the Combined Group, and further impacts may be identified before the standards are initially applied. The Combined Group may also change its accounting policy elections, including the transition options, until the standards are initially applied.

 

IFRS 16 Leases

 

IFRS 16 Leases replaces IAS 17 Leases and related interpretations. The new standard introduces a single accounting model for lessees. For lessees the distinction between operating and finance leases is removed and lessees will recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for all leases (with optional exemptions for short-term leases and leases of low value assets).

 

IFRS 16 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019. The Combined Group intends to apply the simplified transition approach and will not restate comparative amounts for the year prior to first adoption.

 

Based on a preliminary assessment, the standard will affect primarily the accounting for the Combined Group’s operating leases. The Combined Group’s office property leases are currently classified as operating leases and the lease payments (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Under IFRS 16 the Combined Group may need to recognize and measure a liability at the present value of the future minimum lease payments and recognize a corresponding right-of-use asset for these leases. The interest expense on the lease liability and depreciation on the right-of-use asset will be recognized in profit or loss. The Combined Group’s assets and liabilities will increase and the timing of expense recognition will also be impacted as a result.

 

 

 

 15 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

2.ADOPTION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (CONT’D)

 

(b)New and revised IFRSs in issue but not yet effective (cont’d)

 

IFRS 16 Leases (cont’d)

 

As disclosed in Note 28, the Combined Group’s future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases for its office premises amounted to US$180,000 as at December 31, 2018. These leases are expected to be recognized as lease liabilities, with corresponding right-of-use assets, once IFRS 16 is adopted. The amounts will be adjusted for the effects of discounting and the transition reliefs available to the Combined Group.

 

Other than the recognition of lease liabilities and right-of-use assets, the Combined Group expects that the transition adjustments to be made upon the initial adoption of IFRS 16 will not be material. However, the expected changes in accounting policies as described above could have certain impact on the Combined Group’s combined financial statements from 2019 onwards.

 

IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments

 

The interpretation of IAS 12 Income Taxes sets out how to apply that standard when there is uncertainty about income tax treatments. Entities are required to determine whether uncertain tax treatments should be assessed separately or as a Combined Group depending on which approach will better predict the resolution of the uncertainties. Entities will have to assess whether it is probable that a tax authority will accept an uncertain tax treatment. If yes, the accounting treatment will be consistent with the entity’s income tax filings. If not, however, entities are required to account for the effects of the uncertainty using either the most likely outcome or expected value method depending on which method is expected to better predict its resolution.

 

The Combined Group is unable to estimate the impact of the interpretation on the combined financial statements until a more detailed assessment has been completed.

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

These combined financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, unless mentioned otherwise in the accounting policies below.

 

The preparation of combined financial statements in conformity with IFRSs requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgments in the process of applying the Combined Group’s accounting policies. The areas involving a high degree of judgment or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the combined financial statements are disclosed in Note 4.

 

 

 

 16 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

The significant accounting policies applied in the preparation of these combined financial statements are set out below.

 

(a)Consolidation of subsidiaries of FTA and Maestro

 

The combined financial statements include the financial statements of FTA, Maestro and their subsidiaries made up to December 31. Subsidiaries are entities over which the Combined Group has control. The Combined Group controls an entity when it is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. The Combined Group has power over an entity when the Combined Group has existing rights that give it the current ability to direct the relevant activities, i.e. activities that significantly affect the entity’s returns.

 

When assessing control, the Combined Group considers its potential voting rights as well as potential voting rights held by other parties. A potential voting right is considered only if the holder has the practical ability to exercise that right.

 

Subsidiaries are consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Combined Group. They are de-consolidated from the date the control ceases.

 

The gain or loss on the disposal of a subsidiary that results in a loss of control represents the difference between (i) the fair value of the consideration of the sale plus the fair value of any investment retained in that subsidiary and (ii) FTA and Maestro’s share of the net assets of that subsidiary plus any remaining goodwill and any accumulated foreign currency translation reserve relating to that subsidiary.

 

Intragroup transactions, balances and unrealized profits are eliminated. Unrealized losses are also eliminated unless the transaction provides evidence of an impairment of the asset transferred.

 

Non-controlling interests represent the equity in subsidiaries not attributable, directly or indirectly, to FTA and Maestro. Non-controlling interests are presented in the combined statement of financial position and combined statement of changes in equity within equity. Non-controlling interests are presented in the combined statement of profit or loss and combined statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income as an allocation of profit or loss and total comprehensive income for the year between the non-controlling shareholders and owners of FTA and Maestro.

 

Profit or loss and each component of other comprehensive income are attributed to the owners of FTA and Maestro and to the non-controlling shareholders even if this results in the non-controlling interests having a deficit balance.

 

 

 

 17 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(a)Consolidation of subsidiaries of FTA and Maestro (cont’d)

 

Changes in FTA and Maestro’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control are accounted for as equity transactions (i.e. transactions with owners in their capacity as owners). The carrying amounts of the controlling and non-controlling interests are adjusted to reflect the changes in their relative interests in the subsidiary. Any difference between the amount by which the non-controlling interests are adjusted and the fair value of the consideration paid or received is recognized directly in equity and attributed to the owners of FTA and Maestro.

 

(b)Business combination (other than under common control) and goodwill

 

The acquisition method is used to account for the acquisition of a subsidiary in a business combination. The consideration transferred in a business combination is measured at the acquisition-date fair value of the assets given, equity instruments issued, liabilities incurred and any contingent consideration. Acquisition-related costs are recognized as expenses in the periods in which the costs are incurred and the services are received. Identifiable assets and liabilities of the subsidiary in the acquisition are measured at their acquisition-date fair values.

 

The excess of the sum of the consideration transferred over the Combined Group’s share of the net fair value of the subsidiary’s identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill. Any excess of the Combined Group’s share of the net fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities over the sum of the consideration transferred is recognized in consolidated profit or loss as a gain on bargain purchase which is attributed to the Combined Group.

 

In a business combination achieved in stages, the previously held equity interest in the subsidiary is remeasured at its acquisition-date fair value and the resulting gain or loss is recognized in consolidated profit or loss. The fair value is added to the sum of the consideration transferred in a business combination to calculate the goodwill.

 

 

 

 18 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(b)Business combination (other than under common control) and goodwill (cont’d)

 

The non-controlling interests in the subsidiary are initially measured at the non-controlling shareholders’ proportionate share of the net fair value of the subsidiary’s identifiable assets and liabilities at the acquisition date.

 

After initial recognition, goodwill is measured at cost less accumulated impairment losses. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated to each of the cash-generating units (“CGUs”) or groups of CGUs that is expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Each unit or group of units to which the goodwill is allocated represents the lowest level within the Combined Group at which the goodwill is monitored for internal management purposes. Goodwill impairment reviews are undertaken annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate a potential impairment. The carrying value of the CGU containing the goodwill is compared to its recoverable amount, which is the higher of value in use and the fair value less costs of disposal. Any impairment is recognized immediately as an expense and is not subsequently reversed.

 

(c)Foreign currency translation

 

(i)Functional and presentation currency

 

Items included in the combined financial statements of each of the Combined Group’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (the “functional currency”). The functional currency of FTA and Maestro is Hong Kong Dollars (“HK$”). The combined financial statements are presented in United State Dollars (“US$”). The directors consider that choosing US$ as the presentation currency best suits the need of shareholders and investors.

 

(ii)Transactions and balances in financial statements

 

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency on initial recognition using the exchange rates prevailing on the transaction dates. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currencies are translated at the exchange rates at the end of each reporting period. Gains and losses resulting from this translation policy are recognized in profit or loss.

 

Non-monetary items that are measured at fair values in foreign currencies are translated using the exchange rates at the dates when the fair values are determined.

 

When a gain or loss on a non-monetary item is recognized in other comprehensive income, any exchange component of that gain or loss is recognized in other comprehensive income. When a gain or loss on a non-monetary item is recognized in profit or loss, any exchange component of that gain or loss is recognized in profit or loss.

 

 

 

 19 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(c)Foreign currency translation (cont’d)

 

(iii)Translation on combination and consolidation

 

The results and financial positions of all the Combined Group’s entities that have a functional currency different from the Combined Group’s presentation currency are translated into the Combined Group’s presentation currency as follows:

 

-Assets and liabilities for each statement of financial position presented are translated at the closing rate at the date of that statement of financial position;

 

-Income and expenses are translated at average exchange rates for the period (unless this average is not a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates prevailing on the transaction dates, in which case income and expenses are translated at the exchange rates on the transaction dates); and

 

-All resulting exchange differences are recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve.

 

On consolidation, exchange differences arising from the translation of monetary items that form the part of the net investment in foreign entities and of borrowings are recognized in the other comprehensive income and accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve. When a foreign operation is sold, such exchange differences are reclassified to combined profit or loss as part of the gain or loss on disposal.

 

Goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on the acquisition of a foreign entity are treated as assets and liabilities of the foreign entity and translated at the closing rate.

 

(d)Property, plant and equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are stated in the combined statement of financial position less subsequent accumulated depreciation and subsequent accumulated impairment losses, if any.

 

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Combined Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance are recognized in profit or loss during the period in which they are incurred.

 

 

 

 20 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(d)Property, plant and equipment

 

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment is calculated at rates sufficient to write off their cost or revalued amounts less their residual values over the estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. The principal annual rates are as follows:

 

Leasehold improvements  20% 
Plant and machinery  10% - 25% 
Furniture and equipment  20% 
Motor vehicle  16% - 33 1/3 % 

 

The residual values, useful lives and depreciation method are reviewed and adjusted, if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period.

 

The gain or loss on disposal of fixed assets is the difference between the net sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the relevant asset, and is recognized in profit or loss.

 

(e)Intangible assets acquired in a business combination and acquired separately

 

Intangible assets acquired in a business combination are identified and recognized separately from goodwill where they satisfy the definition of an intangible asset and their fair values can be measured reliably. The cost of such intangible assets is their fair value at the acquisition date.

 

Subsequent to initial recognition, intangible assets acquired in a business combination are reported at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, on the same basis as intangible assets acquired separately.

 

 

 

 21 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(e)Intangible assets acquired in a business combination and acquired separately (cont’d)

 

Amortization of intangible assets is charged to profit or loss on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives as follows:

 

Technological know-how   3 years 
Customer relationship   5 years 

 

Both the periods and method of amortization are review annually.

 

(f)Operating leases (the Combined Group as lessee)

 

Leases that do not substantially transfer to the Combined Group all the risks and rewards of ownership of assets are accounted for as operating leases. Lease payments (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

(g)Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined using the first-in, first-out basis. The cost of finished goods and work in progress comprises raw materials, direct labour and an appropriate proportion of all production overhead expenditure, and where appropriate, subcontracting charges. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

 

(h)Recognition and derecognition of financial instruments

 

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized in the combined statement of financial position when the Combined Group’s becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments.

 

 

 

 22 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(h)Recognition and derecognition of financial instruments (cont’d)

 

Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at FVTPL) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in profit or loss.

 

The Combined Group derecognizes a financial asset only when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another entity. If the Combined Group neither transfers nor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership and continues to control the transferred asset, the Combined Group recognizes its retained interest in the asset and an associated liability for amounts it may have to pay. If the Combined Group retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of a transferred financial asset, the Combined Group continues to recognize the financial asset and also recognizes a collateralized borrowing for the proceeds received.

 

The Combined Group derecognizes financial liabilities when, and only when, the Combined Group’s obligations are discharged, cancelled or have expired. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognized and the consideration paid and payable, including any non-cash assets transferred or liabilities assumed, is recognized in profit or loss.

 

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the balance sheet when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the company or the counterparty.

 

 

 23 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(i)Financial assets

 

All regular way purchases or sales of financial assets are recognized and derecognized on a trade date basis. Regular way purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the time frame established by regulation or convention in the marketplace. All recognized financial assets are measured subsequently in their entirety at either amortized cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

 

Debt investments

 

Debt investments held by the Combined Group are classified into one of the following measurement categories:

 

-Amortized cost, if the investment is held for the collection of contractual cash flows which represent solely payments of principal and interest. Interest income from the investment is calculated using the effective interest method.

 

-FVTOCI - recycling, if the contractual cash flows of the investment comprise solely payments of principal and interest and the investment is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both the collection of contractual cash flows and sale. Changes in fair value are recognized in other comprehensive income, except for the recognition in profit or loss of ECL, interest income (calculated using the effective interest method) and foreign exchange gains and losses. When the investment is derecognized, the amount accumulated in other comprehensive income is recycled from equity to profit or loss.

 

-FVTPL if the investment does not meet the criteria for being measured at amortized cost or FVTOCI (recycling). Changes in the fair value of the investment (including interest) are recognized in profit or loss.

 

 

 

 24 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(i)Financial assets (cont’d)

 

Equity investments

 

An investment in equity securities is classified as FVTPL unless the equity investment is not held for trading purposes and on initial recognition of the investment the Combined Group makes an election to designate the investment at FVTOCI (non-recycling) such that subsequent changes in fair value are recognized in other comprehensive income. Such elections are made on an instrument-by-instrument basis, but may only be made if the investment meets the definition of equity from the issuer’s perspective. Where such an election is made, the amount accumulated in other comprehensive income remains in the fair value reserve (non-recycling) until the investment is disposed of. At the time of disposal, the amount accumulated in the fair value reserve (non-recycling) is transferred to retained earnings. It is not recycled through profit or loss. Dividends from an investment in equity securities, irrespective of whether classified as at FVTPL or FVTOCI, are recognized in profit or loss as other income.

 

(j)
Trade and other receivables

 

A receivable is recognized when the Combined Group has an unconditional right to receive consideration. A right to receive consideration is unconditional if only the passage of time is required before payment of that consideration is due. If revenue has been recognized before the Combined Group has an unconditional right to receive consideration, the amount is presented as a contract asset.

 

Receivables are stated at amortized cost using the effective interest method less allowance for credit losses.

 

(k)Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and on hand, demand deposits with banks and other financial institutions, and short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, having been within three months of maturity at acquisition. Bank overdrafts that are repayable on demand and from an integral part of the Combined Group’s cash management are also included as component of cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of combined cash flow statement. Cash and cash equivalents are assessed for ECL.

 

 

 

 25 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(l)Financial liabilities and equity instruments

 

Financial liabilities and equity instruments are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument under HKFRSs. An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of the Combined Group after deducting all of its liabilities. The accounting policies adopted for specific financial liabilities and equity instruments are set out in Notes 3(m) to 3(o) below.

 

(m)Trade and other payables

 

Trade and other payables are stated initially at their fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method unless the effect of discounting would be immaterial, in which case they are stated at cost.

 

(n)Borrowings

 

Borrowings are recognized initially at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred, and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

 

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Combined Group has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period.

 

(o)Equity instruments

 

Equity instruments issued by the Combined Group are recorded at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

 

(p)Revenue recognition

 

Revenue is recognized when control over a product or service is transferred to the customer, at the amount of promised consideration to which the Combined Group is expected to be entitled, excluding those amounts collected on behalf of third parties. Revenue excludes value added tax or other sales taxes and is after deduction of any trade discounts.

 

 

 

 26 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(p)Revenue recognition (cont’d)

 

Revenue from the sale of the Combined Group’s products are recognized when control of the goods has transferred, being when the goods have been shipped to the customer’s specific location (delivery). Following delivery, the customer has full discretion over the channel and price to sell the goods, has the primary responsibility when on selling the goods and bears the risks of obsolescence and loss in relation to the goods. A receivable is recognized by the Combined Group when the goods are delivered to the customer as this represents the point in time at which the right to consideration becomes unconditional, as only the passage of time is required before payment is due.

 

Software licensing income is recognized over the license period.

 

Commission income is recognized when the relevant trading agency services are provided.

 

(q)Employee benefits

 

(i)Employee leave entitlements

 

Employee entitlements to annual leave and long service leave are recognized when they accrue to employees. A provision is made for the estimated liability for annual leave and long service leave as a result of services rendered by employees up to the end of the reporting period.

 

Employee entitlements to sick leave and maternity leave are not recognized until the time of leave.

 

(ii)Pension obligations

 

The Combined Group contributes to defined contribution retirement schemes which are available to all eligible employees. Contributions to the schemes by the Combined Group and employees are calculated as a percentage of employees’ basic salaries. The retirement benefit scheme cost charged to the profit or loss represents contributions payable by the Combined Group to the funds.

 

For the defined benefit retirement scheme, the liability recognized in the combined statement of financial position is the present value of the defined benefit obligation less the fair value of plan assets (if any). The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by independent actuaries using the projected unit credit method. The present value of the defined benefit obligation is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows using interest rates of high-quality corporate bonds that are denominated in the currency in which the benefits will be paid, and that have terms to maturity approximating the terms of the related pension obligation. If there is no deep market in such bonds, the market rates on government bonds are used.

 

 

 

 27 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(q)Employee benefits (cont’d)

 

(ii)Pension obligations (cont’d)

 

Remeasurements of the net defined benefit liability - which include actuarial gains and losses, are recognized in other comprehensive income in the period in which they arise and will not be reclassified to profit or loss. Service costs are recognized immediately in profit or loss.

 

(iii)Termination benefits

 

Termination benefits are recognized at the earlier of the dates when the Combined Group can no longer withdraw the offer of those benefits, and when the Combined Group recognizes restructuring costs and involves the payment of termination benefits.

 

(r)Borrowing costs

 

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are capitalised as part of the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalisation.

 

To the extent that funds are borrowed generally and used for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset, the amount of borrowing costs eligible for capitalisation is determined by applying a capitalisation rate to the expenditures on that asset. The capitalisation rate is the weighted average of the borrowing costs applicable to the borrowings of the Combined Group that are outstanding during the period, other than borrowings made specifically for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset.

 

All other borrowing costs are recognized in profit or loss in the period in which they are incurred.

 

 

 

 28 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(s)Taxation (cont’d)

 

Income tax represents the sum of current tax and deferred tax.

 

The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from profit recognized in profit or loss because of items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible. The Combined Group’s liability for current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

 

Deferred tax is recognized on differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences and deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which deductible temporary differences, unused tax losses or unused tax credits can be utilised. Such assets and liabilities are not recognized if the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of other assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit.

 

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences arising on investments in subsidiaries except where the Combined Group is able to control the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

 

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

 

Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the liability is settled or the asset is realized, based on tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period. Deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss, except when it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case the deferred tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.

 

 

 

 29 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(s)Taxation (cont’d)

 

The measurement of deferred tax assets and liabilities reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Combined Group expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities.

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and when they relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority and the Combined Group intends to settle its current tax assets and liabilities on a net basis.

 

(t)Impairment of non-financial assets

 

The carrying amounts of non-financial assets are reviewed at each reporting date for indications of impairment and where an asset is impaired, it is written down as an expense through the combined statement of profit or loss to its estimated recoverable amount unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation decrease. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. If this is the case, recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. Recoverable amount is the higher of value in use and the fair value less costs of disposal of the individual asset or the cash-generating unit.

 

Value in use is the present value of the estimated future cash flows of the asset / cash-generating unit. Present values are computed using pre-tax discount rates that reflect the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset / cash-generating unit whose impairment is being measured.

 

Impairment losses for cash-generating units are allocated pro rata amongst the other assets of the cash-generating unit. Subsequent increases in the recoverable amount caused by changes in estimates are credited to profit or loss to the extent that they reverse the impairment unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal of the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation increase.

 

 

 

 30 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(u)Impairment of financial assets

 

The Combined Group recognizes a loss allowance for ECL on trade receivables and other receivables. The amount of ECL is updated at each reporting date to reflect changes in credit risk since initial recognition of the respective financial instrument.

 

The Combined Group always recognizes lifetime ECL for trade receivables and other receivables. The ECL on these financial assets are estimated using a provision matrix based on the Combined Group’s historical credit loss experience, adjusted for factors that are specific to the debtors, general economic conditions and an assessment of both the current as well as the forecast direction of conditions at the reporting date, including time value of money where appropriate.

 

For all other financial instruments, the Combined Group recognizes lifetime ECL when there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition. However, if the credit risk on the financial instrument has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the Combined Group measures the loss allowance for that financial instrument at an amount equal to 12-month ECL.

 

Lifetime ECL represents the ECL that will result from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial instrument. In contrast, 12-month ECL represents the portion of lifetime ECL that is expected to result from default events on a financial instrument that are possible within 12 months after the reporting date.

 

Significant increase in credit risk

 

In assessing whether the credit risk on a financial instrument has increased significantly since initial recognition, the Combined Group compares the risk of a default occurring on the financial instrument at the reporting date with the risk of a default occurring on the financial instrument at the date of initial recognition. In making this assessment, the Combined Group considers both quantitative and qualitative information that is reasonable and supportable, including historical experience and forward-looking information that is available without undue cost or effort. Forward-looking information considered includes the future prospects of the industries in which the Combined Group’s debtors operate, obtained from economic expert reports, financial analysts, governmental bodies, relevant think-tanks and other similar organizations, as well as consideration of various external sources of actual and forecast economic information that relate to the Combined Group’s core operations.

 

 

 

 31 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(u)Impairment of financial assets (cont’d)

 

In particular, the following information is taken into account when assessing whether credit risk has increased significantly since initial recognition:

 

-an actual or expected significant deterioration in the financial instrument’s external (if available) or internal credit rating;
-significant deterioration in external market indicators of credit risk for a particular financial instrument;
-existing or forecast adverse changes in business, financial or economic conditions that are expected to cause a significant decrease in the debtor’s ability to meet its debt obligations;
-an actual or expected significant deterioration in the operating results of the debtor;
-significant increases in credit risk on other financial instruments of the same debtor;
-an actual or expected significant adverse change in the regulatory, economic, or technological environment of the debtor that results in a significant decrease in the debtor’s ability to meet its debt obligations.

 

Irrespective of the outcome of the above assessment, the Combined Group presumes that the credit risk on a financial asset has increased significantly since initial recognition when contractual payments are more than 30 days past due, unless the Combined Group has reasonable and supportable information that demonstrates otherwise.

 

Significant increase in credit risk (cont’d)

 

Despite the foregoing, the Combined Group assumes that the credit risk on a financial instrument has not increased significantly since initial recognition if the financial instrument is determined to have low credit risk at the reporting date. A financial instrument is determined to have low credit risk if:

 

(i)The financial instrument has a low risk of default,
(ii)The debtor has a strong capacity to meet its contractual cash flow obligations in the near term, and
(iii)Adverse changes in economic and business conditions in the longer term may, but will not necessarily, reduce the ability of the borrower to fulfil its contractual cash flow obligations.

 

 

 

 32 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(u)Impairment of financial assets (cont’d)

 

The Combined Group considers a financial asset to have low credit risk when the asset has external credit rating of “investment grade” in accordance with the globally understood definition or if an external rating is not available, the asset has an internal rating of “performing”. Performing means that the counterparty has a strong financial position and there is no past due amounts.

 

The Combined Group regularly monitors the effectiveness of the criteria used to identify whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk and revises them as appropriate to ensure that the criteria are capable of identifying significant increase in credit risk before the amount becomes past due.

 

Definition of default

 

The Combined Group considers the following as constituting an event of default for internal credit risk management purposes as historical experience indicates that receivables that meet either of the following criteria are generally not recoverable.

 

-when there is a breach of financial covenants by the counterparty; or
-information developed internally or obtained from external sources indicates that the debtor is unlikely to pay its creditors, including the Combined Group, in full (without taking into account any collaterals held by the Combined Group).

 

Irrespective of the above analysis, the Combined Group considers that default has occurred when a financial asset is more than 90 days past due unless the Combined Group has reasonable and supportable information to demonstrate that a more lagging default criterion is more appropriate.

 

Credit-impaired financial assets

 

A financial asset is credit-impaired when one or more events that have a detrimental impact on the estimated future cash flows of that financial asset have occurred. Evidence that a financial asset is credit-impaired includes observable data about the following events:

 

-significant financial difficulty of the issuer or the counterparty;
-a breach of contract, such as a default or past due event;
-the lender(s) of the counterparty, for economic or contractual reasons relating to the counterparty’s financial difficulty, having granted to the counterparty a concession(s) that the lender(s) would not otherwise consider; or
-it is becoming probable that the counterparty will enter bankruptcy or other financial reorganization; or
-the disappearance of an active market for that financial asset because of financial difficulties.

 

 

 

 33 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(u)Impairment of financial assets (cont’d)

 

Write-off policy

 

The Combined Group writes off a financial asset when there is information indicating that the debtor is in severe financial difficulty and there is no realistic prospect of recovery, including when the debtor has been placed under liquidation or has entered into bankruptcy proceedings, or in the case of trade receivables, when the amounts are over two years past due, whichever occurs sooner. Financial assets written off may still be subject to enforcement activities under the Combined Group’s recovery procedures, taking into account legal advice where appropriate. Any recoveries made are recognized in profit or loss.

 

Measurement and recognition of ECL

 

The measurement of ECL is a function of the probability of default, loss given default (i.e. the magnitude of the loss if there is a default) and the exposure at default. The assessment of the probability of default and loss given default is based on historical data adjusted by forward

-
looking information as described above. As for the exposure at default, for financial assets, this is represented by the assets’ gross carrying amount at the reporting date.

 

For financial assets, the ECL is estimated as the difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Combined Group in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Combined Group expects to receive, discounted at the original effective interest rate.

 

If the Combined Group has measured the loss allowance for a financial instrument at an amount equal to lifetime ECL in the previous reporting period, but determines at the current reporting date that the conditions for lifetime ECL are no longer met, the Combined Group measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to 12-month ECL at the current reporting date, except for assets for which simplified approach was used.

 

The Combined Group recognizes an impairment gain or loss in profit or loss for all financial instruments with a corresponding adjustment to their carrying amount through a loss allowance account.

 

 

 

 34 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

3.SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONT’D)

 

(v)Provisions and contingent liabilities

 

Provisions are recognized for liabilities of uncertain timing or amount when the Combined Group has a present legal or constructive obligation arising as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Where the time value of money is material, provisions are stated at the present value of the expenditures expected to settle the obligation.

 

Where it is not probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required, or the amount cannot be estimated reliably, the obligation is disclosed as a contingent liability, unless the probability of outflow is remote. Possible obligations, whose existence will only be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more future events are also disclosed as contingent liabilities unless the probability of outflow is remote.

 

(w)Events after the reporting period

 

Events after the reporting period that provide additional information about the Combined Group’s position at the end of the reporting period or those that indicate the going concern assumption is not appropriate are adjusting events and are reflected in the combined financial statements. Events after the reporting period that are not adjusting events are disclosed in the notes to the combined financial statements when material.

 

 

 

 

 35 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

4.CRITICAL JUDGMENTS AND KEY ESTIMATES

 

Critical judgments in applying accounting policies

 

In the process of applying the accounting policies, the directors have made the following judgments that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the combined financial statements.

 

(a)Going concern basis

 

These combined financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, the validity of which depends upon the financial support of FTA and Maestro’s shareholder, Lantronix, Inc., at a level sufficient to finance the working capital requirements of the Combined Group. Details are explained in Note 1 to the combined financial statements.

 

(b)Acting as principal or agent when conducting business

 

Under IFRS 15, the Combined Group is required to make judgment on its revenue earning activities in order to determine whether the Combined Group is acting as principal or as agent. This judgment would affect the amount being recognized as revenue.

 

The Combined Group is authorized distributor of certain electronic component manufacturers. Normally, customers directly place order with the Combined Group and such trades are conducted under normal business arrangement. The Combined Group obtained full control of the relevant goods before selling to the customers (hence acting as principal) and recognize the gross selling price as revenue.

 

 

 

 36 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

4.CRITICAL JUDGMENTS AND KEY ESTIMATES (CONT’D)

 

Critical judgments in applying accounting policies (cont’d)

 

(b)Acting as principal or agent when conducting business (cont’d)

 

However, the Combined Group also has an arrangement with an independent party, such that certain customers place order with this independent party and the Combined Group in turn place order with the manufacturers. The goods are shipped directly from the manufacturers to the destinations specified by the independent party and freight cost being borne by the independent party. Under this trade arrangement, the Combined Group earns a thin and fixed margin, representing the gross receipts collected from the independent party and purchase prices paid to manufacturers. The Combined Group would only recognize the net amount of gross receipt and purchase price as commission income for trades under this arrangement as the Combined Group is considered acting as purchase agent of the independent party.

 

Key sources of estimation uncertainty

 

The key assumptions concerning the future, and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the end of the reporting period, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are discussed below.

 

(a)Property, plant and equipment and depreciation

 

The Combined Group’s management determines the estimated useful lives and related depreciation charges for the Combined Group’s property, plant and equipment. This estimate is based on the historical experience of the actual useful lives of property, plant and equipment of similar nature and functions. The Combined Group will revise the depreciation charge where useful lives are different to those previously estimated, or it will write-off or write-down technically obsolete or non-strategic assets that have been abandoned or sold.

 

The carrying amounts of property, plant and equipment as at December 31, 2018 and 2017 were US$148,000 and US$242,000, respectively.

 

 

 

 37 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

4.CRITICAL JUDGMENTS AND KEY ESTIMATES (CONT’D)

 

Key sources of estimation uncertainty (cont’d)

 

(b)Impairment of trade receivables

 

Since the early adoption of IFRS 9 on January 1, 2017, the management of the Combined Group estimates the amount of impairment loss for ECL on trade receivables based on their credit risk. The amount of the impairment loss based on ECL model is measured as the difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Combined Group in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Combined Group expects to receive, discounted at the effective interest rate determined at initial recognition. Where the future cash flows are less than expected, or being revised downward due to changes in facts and circumstances, a material impairment loss may arise.

 

As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, the carrying amounts of trade receivables were US$1,649,000 (net of allowance for doubtful debts of US$30,000) and US$1,059,000 (net of allowance for doubtful debts of US$19,000), respectively.

 

(c)Allowance for slow-moving inventories

 

Allowance for slow-moving inventories is made based on the ageing and estimated net realisable value of inventories. The assessment of the allowance amount involves judgment and estimates. Where the actual outcome in future is different from the original estimate, such difference will impact the carrying value of inventories and allowance charge/write-back in the period in which such estimate has been changed.

 

As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, accumulated allowance for slow-moving inventories were approximately US$489,000 and US$350,000, respectively.

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT

 

The Combined Group’s activities expose it to a variety of financial risk: foreign currency risk, credit risk, liquidity risk and interest rate risk. The Combined Group’s overall risk management programme focuses on the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to minimise potential adverse effects on the Combined Group’s financial performance.

 

 

 

 38 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT (CONT’D)

 

(a)Foreign currency risk

 

The Combined Group has certain exposure to foreign currency risk as most of its business transactions, assets and liabilities are principally denominated in HK$, US$, Euro dollar (“EUR”), Indian Rupee (“INR”) and Renminbi (“RMB”). The Combined Group currently does not have a foreign currency hedging policy in respect of foreign currency transactions, assets and liabilities. The Combined Group will monitor its foreign currency exposure closely and will consider hedging significant foreign currency exposure should the need arise.

 

The following tables set out the Combined Group’s major exposure at the end of each year to foreign currency risk arising from recognized assets or liabilities denominated in respective foreign currencies. For presentation purposes, the amounts of the exposure are shown in US$, translated using the spot rates at the end of reporting period.

 

Denominated in US$ as foreign currency  2018   2017 
           
Trade receivables  $1,063   $400 
Deposits and other receivables   18    40 
Bank and cash balances   3    50 
Trade payables   (1,539)   (861)
Accruals and other payables   (146)   (184)
Amounts due (to)/from Combined Group companies   (7)   158 
Borrowings   (101)    
Total  $(709)  $(397)
           
Denominated in RMB as foreign currency   2018    2017 
           
Amounts due from Combined Group companies  $453   $505 
Accruals and other payables       (6)
Total  $453   $499 

 

 

 

 39 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT (CONT’D)

 

(a)Foreign currency risk (cont’d)

 

The following table indicates the instantaneous change in the Combined Group’s loss for the years that would have been arisen if foreign exchange rates to which the Combined Group has significant exposure at the end of reporting period had changed at that day, assuming all other risk variables remained constant.

 

   2018   2017 

 

Foreign
currency/ Functional currency

  Appreciation/ (depreciation) of foreign currency by  

 

Loss for the year (increased)/
decrease by

   Appreciation/ (depreciation) of foreign currency by  

 

Loss for the year (increased)/
decrease by

 
                 
US$ / EUR   5%   $(22)    5%   $3 
    (5%)   $22    (5%)   $(3) 
                     
US$ / INR   5%   $2    5%   $3 
    (5%)   $(2)    (5%)   $(3) 
                     
RMB/HK$   5%   $23    5%   $25 
    (5%)   $(23)    (5%)   $(25) 

 

The Combined Group currently does not have a foreign currency hedging policy in respect of other foreign currency transactions, assets and liabilities. The Combined Group monitors its foreign currency exposure closely and will consider hedging significant foreign currency exposure should the need arise.

 

 

 

 40 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT (CONT’D)

 

(b)Credit risk

 

Credit risk is the risk that a counterparty will not meet its obligations under a financial instrument or customer contract, leading to a financial loss. The Combined Group is exposed to credit risk from its operating activities (primarily trade receivables) and from its financing activities, including deposits with banks and financial institutions, foreign exchange transactions and other financial instruments. The Combined Group’s exposure to credit risk arising from cash and cash equivalents is limited because the counterparties are banks and financial institutions with high credit-rating assigned by international credit-rating agencies, for which the Combined Group considers to have low credit risk.

 

Trade receivables

 

Customer credit risk is managed by each business unit subject to the Combined Group’s established policy, procedures and control relating to customer credit risk management. Individual credit evaluations are performed on all customers requiring credit over a certain amount. These evaluations focus on the customer’s past history of making payments when due and current ability to pay, and take into account information specific to the customer as well as pertaining to the economic environment in which the customer operates. Trade receivables are due within 30-90 days from the date of billing. Debtors with balances that are more than 3 months past due are requested to settle all outstanding balances before any further credit is granted. Normally, the Combined Group does not obtain collateral from customers.

 

The Combined Group has certain concentration of credit risk, as the percentage of trade receivables of the Combined Group’s largest three trade debtors as at December 31, 2018 and 2017 were 35% and 28%, respectively.

 

 

 

 41 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT (CONT’D)

 

(b)Credit risk (cont’d)

 

Trade receivables (cont’d)

 

The Combined Group measures loss allowances for trade receivables at an amount equal to lifetime ECLs. As the Combined Group’s historical credit loss experience does not indicate significantly different loss patterns for different customer segments, the loss allowance based on past due status is not further distinguished between the Combined Group’s different customer bases.

 

As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, the balances of loss allowance in respect of trade receivable balances are US$30,000 and US$19,000 based on an average expected loss rate of approximately 1.8% on overdue balances.

 

Expected loss rates are based on actual loss experience over the past few years. These rates are adjusted to reflect differences between economic conditions during the period over which the historic data has been collected, current conditions and the Combined Group’s view of economic conditions over the expected lives of the receivables.

 

The Combined Group considers the exposure to credit risk is low and ECL of trade receivables as immaterial.

 

Financial assets measured at amortized cost (except trade receivables)

 

All of the Combined Group’s financial assets measured at amortized cost are considered to have low credit risk, and the loss allowance recognized during the period was therefore limited to 12-month expected losses.

 

 

 

 42 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT (CONT’D)

 

(c)Liquidity risk

 

The Combined Group’s policy is to regularly monitor current and expected liquidity requirements to ensure that it maintains sufficient reserves of cash to meet its liquidity requirements in the short and longer term.

 

The maturity analysis of the Combined Group’s financial liabilities is as follows:

 

    

Less than

1 year

    

Between

1 and 2 years

    

Between

2 and 5 years

 
                
At December 31, 2018               
Trade payables  $1,700   $   $ 
Accruals and other payables   1,433         
Amounts due to related companies   2,335         
Amount due to a director   128         
Amount due to a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary   9         
Amount due to immediate parent   1,897         
Amounts due to intermediate parents   1,489         
Borrowings   2,046         
Finance lease payables   7    7    13 
                
   $11,044   $7   $13 

 

 

 

 43 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT (CONT’D)

 

(c)Liquidity risk (Cont’d)

 

    

Less than

1 year

    

Between

1 and 2 years

    

Between

2 and 5 years

 
                
At December 31, 2017               
Trade payables  $1,203   $   $ 
Accruals and other payables   1,264         
Amounts due to related companies   2,301         
Amount due to a director   128         
Amount due to a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary   10         
Amount due to immediate parent   1,903         
Amount due to intermediate parents   1,328         
Borrowings   1,880         
Finance lease payables   14    7    21 
                
   $10,031   $7   $21 

 

(d)Interest rate risk

 

The Company’s exposure to interest rate risk arises from its bank overdrafts. These overdrafts bear interests at variable rates varied with the then prevailing market condition.

 

At December 31, 2018 and 2017, it is estimated that a general increase/(decrease) of 100 basis points in interest rates, with all other variables held constant, would have (decreased)/increased the Combined Group’s profit or loss as follows:

 

Increase/(decrease) in interest rates  2018   2017 
           
100 basis points   (18)   (18)
(100) basis points   18    18 

 

 

 

 44 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

5.FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT (CONT’D)

 

(d)Interest rate risk (cont’d)

 

The sensitivity analysis above indicates the impact on the Combined Group’s profit for the year and equity that would have arisen assuming that there is an annualised impact on interest income and expense by a change in interest rates. The analysis has been performed on the same basis throughout the year.

 

(e)Categories of financial instruments at December 31

 

   2018   2017 
         
Financial assets:          
Financial assets measured at amortized cost:          
Trade receivables  $1,649   $1,059 
Deposits and other receivables   115    110 
Amount due from related companies   13    91 
Bank and cash balances   225    615 
           
Financial liabilities:          
Financial liabilities at amortized cost:          
Trade payables   1,700    1,203 
Accruals and other payables   1,433    1,264 
Amounts due to related companies   2,335    2,301 
Amount due to a director   128    128 
Amount due to a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary   9    10 
Amount due to an immediate parent   1,897    1,903 
Amounts due to intermediate parents   1,489    1,328 
Borrowings   2,046    1,880 
Finance lease payables  $25   $39 

 

(f)Fair values

 

The carrying amounts of the Combined Group’s financial assets and financial liabilities as reflected in the combined statement of financial position approximate their respective fair values.

 

 

 

 45 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

6.REVENUE

 

   2018   2017 
           
Revenue from contracts with customers          
Sales of goods  $10,221   $10,154 
Commission income   19    20 
Other service and software licensing incomes   467    365 
           
   $10,707   $10,539 

 

Disaggregation of revenue

 

The Combined Group derives revenue from the transfer of goods and services at a point in time and over time in the following geographical regions:

 

   2018   2017 
           
Primary geographical markets          
- The People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”)          
(including Hong Kong)  $1,103   $3,232 
- The United States of America (the “U.S.A.”)   1,053    85 
- Australia   194    331 
- Canada   334    69 
- EU countries (excluding Germany, Spain and          
  United Kingdom)   1,423    1,745 
- Germany   1,377    1,454 
- India   1,138    916 
- Singapore   572    215 
- Spain   797    338 
- South Africa   374    212 
- Thailand   359    108 
- United Kingdom   641    597 
- Vietnam   445    556 
- Others   897    681 
           
Total  $10,707   $10,539 

 

 

 

 46 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

6.REVENUE (CONT’D)

 

   2018   2017 
           
Time of revenue recognition          
Products and services transferred at a point in time  $10,350   $10,384 
Services transferred over time   357    155 
           
   $10,707   $10,539 

 

7.INVESTMENT AND OTHER INCOME

 

   2018   2017 
           
Bank interest income  $   $5 
Management fee income from a related company   203    459 
Other income   9    39 
           
   $212   $503 

 

8.OTHER GAINS AND LOSSES, NET

 

   2018   2017 
           
Exchange gains/(losses)  $48   $(28)
Gain on disposals of property, plant and equipment   3    4 
           
   $51   $(24)

 

 

 

 47 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

9.FINANCE COSTS

 

   2018   2017 
           
Bank overdraft interest  $56   $39 
Finance lease payables interest   3    1 
Import financing loans interest       20 
Other finance costs   2    1 
           
   $61   $61 

 

10.INCOME TAX

 

   2018   2017 
         
Current tax          
Provision for the year  $2   $37 
           
Deferred tax (note 25)   (11)   (6)
           
Income tax (credit)/expense  $(9)  $31 

 

No provision for current income tax is required since the Combined Group has no assessable profit for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

 

 

 48 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

10.INCOME TAX (CONT’D)

 

The reconciliation between the income tax and the product of loss before tax multiplied by the Hong Kong Profits Tax rate is as follows:

 

   2018   2017 
           
Loss before tax  $(1,010)  $(1,131)
           
Tax at the domestic income tax rate of 16.5% (2017: 16.5%)   (167)   (187)
Tax effect of expenses that are not deductible   124    245 
Tax effect of income that is not taxable   (33)   (38)
Tax effect of temporary differences not recognized   (7)   (2)
Tax effect of tax losses not recognized   119    12 
Tax effect of utilization of tax losses not previously recognized   2    (19)
Effect of difference tax rates of subsidiaries   (47)   20 
           
Income tax (credit)/expense  $(9)  $31 

 

11.LOSS FOR THE YEAR

 

Loss for the year is stated after charging/(crediting) the following:

 

   2018   2017 
           
Amortization of intangible assets (Note 15)  $38   $49 
Depreciation (Note 14)   105    138 
Gain on disposals of property, plant and equipment   (3)   (4)
Operating lease charges - land and buildings   193    196 
Cost of inventories sold          
Cost of inventories   6,202    6,267 
Allowance on inventories   302    250 
Reversal of allowance on inventories   (152)   (4)
    6,352    6,513 
Research and development expenditure (included in other operating expenses) (Note)  $996   $839 

 

 

 

 49 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

11.LOSS FOR THE YEAR (CONT’D)

 

Note:

 

During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, research and development expenditure includes approximately US$821,000 and US$810,000 respectively relating to employee benefits expense, amounts of which are included and set out in Note 12 to the combined financial statements.

 

12.EMPLOYEE BENEFITS EXPENSE

 

   2018   2017 
           
Employee benefits expense (including directors’ emoluments):          
Salaries, bonuses and allowances  $3,030   $2,340 
Retirement benefit scheme contributions   270    249 
   $3,300   $2,589 

 

13.BENEFITS AND INTERESTS OF DIRECTORS

 

(a)During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, Mr. Xavier Francois Pierre DUPONT was the only director of FTA and Maestro who received emoluments from the Combined Group.

 

   2018   2017 
           
Salaries, bonus and allowances  $155   $ 
Retirement benefit scheme contributions   2     
           
   $157   $ 

 

Apart from the above, Mr. Xavier Francois Pierre DUPONT had also received remunerations of US$33,000 and US$135,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively from a related company.

 

(b)None of the directors of FTA and Maestro waived any emoluments during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

 

 

 

 50 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

14.PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

   Leasehold improvement   Plant &
machinery
   Furniture and
equipment
   Motor
vehicle
   Total 
                     
Cost                         
                          
At January 1, 2017  $181   $244   $317   $71   $813 
Additions   3    11    26    31    71 
Disposals       (77)   (28)   (18)   (123)
Exchange differences   1    20    24    11    56 
                          
At December 31, 2017 and January 1, 2018  $185   $198   $339   $95   $817 
Additions       3    27        30 
Disposals           (1)   (44)   (45)
Exchange differences   (3)   (8)   (15)   (3)   (29)
                          
At December 31, 2018  $182   $193   $350   $48   $773 
                          
Accumulated depreciation                         
                          
At January 1, 2017  $85   $199   $183   $38   $505 
Charge for the year   40    27    54    17    138 
Disposals       (75)   (13)   (17)   (105)
Exchange differences   1    17    14    5    37 
                          
At December 31, 2017 and January 1, 2018  $126   $168   $238   $43   $575 
Charge for the year   40    6    47    12    105 
Disposals           (1)   (32)   (33)
Exchange differences   (2)   (8)   (11)   (1)   (22)
                          
At December 31, 2018  $164   $166   $273   $22   $625 
                          
Carrying amount                         
                          
At December 31, 2018  $18   $27   $77   $26   $148 
                          
At December 31, 2017  $59   $30   $101   $52   $242 

 

At December 31, 2018 and 2017, the carrying amount of motor vehicles held by the Combined Group under finance lease payables (note 23) were approximately US$21,000 and US$44,000, respectively.

 

 

 

 51 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

15.INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

   Technological know-how
(note a)
   Customer relationship
(note b)
   Others   Total 
                 
Cost                    
                     
As at January 1, 2017  $84   $169   $17   $270 
Exchange difference   12    24    2    38 
                     
As December 31, 2017 and 2018  $96   $193   $19   $308 
Exchange difference   (5)   (9)   (1)   (15)
                     
At December 31, 2018  $91   $184   $18   $293 
                     
Accumulated amortization and impairment                    
                     
At January 1, 2017  $72   $88   $17   $177 
Amortization for the year   13    36        49 
Exchange difference   11    14    2    27 
                     
At December 31, 2017 and January 1, 2018  $96   $138   $19   $253 
Amortization for the year       38        38 
Exchange difference   (5)   (7)   (1)   (13)
                     
At December 31, 2018  $91   $169   $18   $278 
                     
Carrying amount                    
                     
At December 31, 2018  $   $15   $   $15 
                     
At December 31, 2017  $   $55   $   $55 

 

Notes:

 

(a)Technological know-how was wireless communication technologies obtained by the Combined Group when acquiring Falcom GmbH. The amounts were fully amortized in 2016.

 

(b)Customer relationship represents the future economic benefit to the Combined Group arising from regular contact between individual customer and Falcom GmbH before business combination. The remaining amortization periods were 0.5 year and 1.5 years as at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

 

 

 52 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

16.
INVENTORIES

 

   2018   2017 
           
Raw materials  $1,182   $881 
Work in progress   92    21 
Finished goods   880    1,037 
Goods in transit   36    118 
Less: allowance   (489)   (350)
           
   $1,701   $1,707 
           
Reconciliation of allowance for inventories          
           
At January 1  $350   $85 
Allowance for the year   302    250 
Reversal for allowance   (152)   (4)
Exchange differences   (11)   19 
           
At December 31  $489   $350 

 

17.TRADE RECEIVABLES

 

   2018   2017 
           
Trade receivables  $1,679   $1,078 
Allowance for doubtful debts   (30)   (19)
           
   $1,649   $1,059 

 

The carrying amounts of the trade receivables are denominated in the following currencies:

 

   2018   2017 
           
US dollar  $1,010   $385 
HK dollar       10 
Renminbi       173 
Euro   475    401 
Indian Rupee   164    90 
           
   $1,649   $1,059 

 

 

 

 53 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

18.BANK AND CASH BALANCES

 

The bank and cash balances of the Combined Group are denominated in the following currencies:

 

   2018   2017 
           
US dollar  $27   $51 
HK dollar   35    68 
Renminbi   13    74 
Euro   137    334 
Indian Rupee   13    88 
           
   $225   $615 

 

As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, the bank balances of the Combined Group denominated in RMB and deposited with banks in the PRC amounted to approximately US$13,000 and US$74,000, respectively. Conversion of RMB into foreign currencies is subject to the PRC’s Foreign Exchange Control Regulations and Administration of Settlement, Sale and Payment of Foreign Exchange Regulations.

 

19.TRADE PAYABLES

 

The carrying amounts of the Combined Group’s trade payables are denominated in the following currencies:

 

   2018   2017 
           
US dollar  $1,543   $861 
HK dollar   8    9 
Renminbi   33    137 
Euro   77    107 
Indian Rupee   39    89 
           
Total  $1,700   $1,203 

 

 

 

 54 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

20.ACCRUALS AND OTHER PAYABLES

 

   2018   2017 
           
Accrued salaries  $456   $220 
Accrued expenses   686    652 
Customer deposits   155    199 
Other payables   136    193 
           
   $1,433   $1,264 

 

21.AMOUNTS DUE FROM/ (TO) A DIRECTOR, A NON-CONTROLLING SHAREHOLDER OF A SUBSIDIARY, RELATED COMPANIES, IMMEDIATE PARENT AND INTERMEDIATE PARENTS

 

The amounts due from/(to) a director, a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary, related companies, immediate parent and intermediate parents are unsecured, interest-free and have no fixed repayment terms.

 

22.BORROWINGS

 

   Note   2018   2017 
                
Bank overdrafts   (a)   $1,852   $1,802 
Import financing loans   (b)    56     
Loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune   (c)    138    78 
                
        $2,046   $1,880 

 

All the above bank overdrafts, import financing loans and loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune are repayable within one year.

 

(a)Bank overdrafts are denominated in HK$ and were secured by corporate guarantee and bank deposits of Dragon Fortune, an intermediate parent company of FTA and Maestro.

 

(b)The import financing loans are denominated in EUR and arranged at floating rates, thus exposing the Combined Company to cash flow interest rate risk.

 

(c)Loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune is denominated in US$ and EUR, interest free, unsecured and has no specific repayment terms.

 

 

 

 55 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

22.BORROWINGS (CONT’D)

 

The average interest rates at end of each year were as follows:

 

   2018   2017 
         
Bank overdrafts   2.88% - 4.62%    3% - 4.5% 
Import financing loans   1%    N/A 
Loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune   

N/A

    

N/A

 

 

The directors estimate the fair value of the Combined Group’s bank borrowings at December 31, 2018 and 2017 approximate to their carrying amounts.

 

23.FINANCE LEASE PAYABLES

 

   Minimum
lease payments
   Present value of minimum
lease payments
 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
                 
Within one year  $7   $14   $6   $13 
In the second to fifth years, inclusive   7    7    6    6 
After five years   13    21    13    20 
                     
    27    42    25    39 
Less: Future finance charges   (2)   (3)   
N/A
    
N/A
 
                     
Present value of lease obligations  $25   $39    25    39 
Less: Amount due for settlement within 12 months (shown under current liabilities)              (6)   (13)
                     
Amount due for settlement after 12 months            $19   $26 

 

The Combined Group has 2 motor vehicles held under finance leases. The average lease term is 5 years. The average effective borrowing rate for December 31, 2018 and 2017 were 4.05% and 4.05%. Interest rates are variable and fixed at the contract dates and thus expose the Combined Group to fair value interest rate risk.

 

All finance lease payables are denominated in EUR.

 

 

 

 56 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

24.RETIREMENT BENEFIT OBLIGATIONS

 

As required by local Gratuity Act, one of the Combined Group’s subsidiary is obliged to provide a lump sum benefits for eligible employees upon retirement.

 

The amounts of retirement benefit obligations recognized in the combined financial statements of financial position at the end of each year are as follows:

 

   2018    2017  
         
Present value of defined benefit obligation  $31   $31 
Fair value of plan assets        
   $31   $31 

 

The principal actuarial assumptions adopted by the Combined Group are as follows:

 

   2018   2017 
Retirement Age   60    60 
Attrition Rate   2% p.a.    2% p.a. 
Salary Escalation Rate   7% p.a.    7% p.a. 
Discount rate   7.78% p.a.    7.87% p.a. 
Mortality rate   

Based on

published statistics

    Based on published statistics 

 

 

 

 57 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

24.RETIREMENT BENEFIT OBLIGATIONS (CONT’D)

 

Movements in the Combined Group’s retirement benefit obligations during the years are as follows:

   Present value of defined benefit obligation 
      
At January 1, 2017  $25 
      
Amounts recognized in profit or loss:     
Current service cost   4 
      
Remeasurements recognized in other comprehensive income:     
Actuarial gains / (losses)    
      
Exchange difference   2 
      
At December 31, 2017  $31 
      
Amounts recognized in profit or loss:     
Current service cost   4 
      
Remeasurements recognized in other comprehensive income:     
Actuarial gains / (losses)    
      
Exchange difference   (4)
      
At December 31, 2018  $31 

 

 

 

 58 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

25.DEFERRED TAX

 

   Intangible assets   Others   Total 
                
At January 1, 2017  $(27)  $17   $(10)
Credit/(charge) to profit or loss for the year   14    (8)   6 
Exchange differences   (3)   1    (2)
                
At December 31, 2017  $(16)  $10   $(6)
Credit to profit or loss for the year   11        11 
Exchange differences       (1)   (1)
                
At December 31, 2018  $(5)  $9   $4 

 

The following is the analysis of the deferred tax balances for combined statements of financial position purpose:

 

   2018   2017 
           
Deferred tax assets  $9   $10 
Deferred tax liabilities   (5)   (16)
           
   $4   $(6)

 

At December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Combined Group has estimated unused tax losses of approximately US$4,591,000 and US$3,958,000 respectively that were available for offsetting against future profits. No deferred tax asset has been recognized in respect of these tax losses due to the unpredictability of future profit streams.

 

 

 

 59 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

26.SHARE CAPITAL

 

For the purpose of presentation of these combined financial statements, the share capital in the combined statements of financial position as at December 31, 2018 and 2017 represented the aggregate paid-in capital of FTA and Maestro.

 

   2018   2017 
           
Ordinary shares, issued and fully paid:          
At January 1, 2017, December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2018  $1   $1 

 

The Combined Group’s objectives when managing capital are to safeguard its ability to continue as a going concern and to maximise the return to the shareholders through the optimisation of the debt and equity balance.

 

The Combined Group’s currently does not have any specific policies and processes for managing capital.

 

The
Combined Group
is not subject to any externally imposed capital requirements.

 

27.NOTE TO STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities

 

The table below details changes in the Combined Group’s liabilities arising from financing activities, including both cash and non-cash changes. Liabilities arising from financing activities are those for which cash flows were, or future cash flows will be, classified in the Combined Group’s combined statement of cash flows as cash flows from financing activities.

 

 

 

 60 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

27.NOTE TO STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONT’D)

 

Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities (cont’d)

 

2018  January 1,
2018
   Cash flows   Interest expenses   Exchange difference   December 31, 2018 
                          
Amount due to a related company  $2,301   $(9)  $   $   $2,292 
                          
Amount due to a director   128                128 
                          
Amount due to a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary   10    (1)           9 
                          
Amount due to immediate parent   1,903    (6)           1,897 
                          
Amount due to intermediate parents   1,328    161            1,489 
                          
Import financing loans       56            56 
                          
Loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune   78    66        (6)   138 
                          
Finance lease payables   39    (13)   (3)   2    25 
                          
                          
   $5,787   $254   $(3)  $(4)  $6,034 

 

 

 

 61 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

27.NOTE TO STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONT’D)

 

Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities (cont’d)

 

2017  January 1,
2017
   Cash flows   Interest expenses   Exchange difference   December 31,
2017
 
                          
Amount due to a related company  $2,322   $(21)  $   $   $2,301 
                          
Amount due to a director       128            128 
                          
Amount due to a non-controlling shareholder of a subsidiary   8    2            10 
                          
Amount due to immediate parent   1,920    (17)           1,903 
                          
Amount due to intermediate parents   1,311    17            1,328 
                          
Import financing loans   600    (585)   (20)   5     
                          
Loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune   114    (49)       13    78 
                          
Finance lease payables   15    22    (1)   3    39 
                          
                          
   $6,290   $(503)  $(21)  $21   $5,787 

 

 

 

 62 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

28.LEASE COMMITMENTS

 

At December 31, 2018 and 2017 the total future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases are payable as follows:

 

 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Within one year
 
$
96
 
 
$
34
 
Within two to five years
 
 
84
 
 
 
46
 
Over 5 years
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
180
 
 
$
80
 


Operating lease payments represents rental payable by the Group for certain of its offices. Lease are negotiated for an average term of five years and rentals are fixed over the lease terms and do not include contingent rentals.

 

29.CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

 

As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Combined Group did not have any significant contingent liabilities.

 

30.CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

 

As at December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Combined Group did not have any significant capital commitment.



 

 

 

 63 

 

 

FARGO TELECOM ASIA LIMITED

MAESTRO WIRELESS SOLUTIONS LIMITED

AND THEIR SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

 

 

 

31.RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

In addition to those related party transactions and balances disclosed elsewhere in the combined financial statements, the Combined Group had the following material transactions with its related parties during the years:

 

 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loan from a shareholder of Dragon Fortune
 
$
100
 
 
$
 
Impairment loss of amounts due from related companies
 
 
(93
)
 
 
(884
)
Interest income received from a related company
 
 
 
 
 
9
 
Management fee income from a related company
 
 
203
 
 
 
459
 
Management fee paid to related companies
 
 
(489
)
 
 
(555
)
Purchase of goods from related companies
 
 
(1,662
)
 
 
(927
)
Sale of goods to related companies
 
$
183
 
 
$
710
 

 

The details of remuneration of key management personnel, represents the emoluments of directors of FTA and Maestro incurred during the years are set out in note 13(a).

 

32.EVENTS AFTER THE REPORTING PERIOD

 

(a)On June 27, 2019, the bank overdrafts of the Combined Group were fully settled by Dragon Fortune.

 

(b)On July 5, 2019, Lantronix, Inc. acquired the entire equity interests of FTA and Maestro from Maestro & FALCOM Holdings Limited and all non-controlling interests of Falcom GmbH and Maestro Europe, Sociedad Limitada from minority shareholders, hence became the ultimate parent company of the Combined Group.

 

(c)During July 2019, the Combined Group has committed to pay severance payments and payments in lieu of notice totaling approximately US$328,000 to certain terminated employees.

 

 

 

 64 

 

lantronix_ex9904.htm UNAUDITED PRO FORMA FINANCIAL INFORMATION


ENT> EX-99.4 4 lantronix_ex9904.htm UNAUDITED PRO FORMA FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Exhibit 99.4

 

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is based upon the historical financial statements of Lantronix, Inc. (“Lantronix”), after giving effect to the acquisition of Maestro Wireless Solutions Limited, a Hong Kong private company limited by shares, Fargo Telecom Asia Limited, a Hong Kong private company limited by shares and Maestro & FALCOM Holdings Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (collectively “Maestro”) which closed on July 5, 2019.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet as of June 30, 2019, combines the historical balance sheets of Lantronix and Maestro, giving effect to the acquisition of Maestro as if it had been completed on June 30, 2019. Amounts recorded by Maestro in its historical balance sheet as receivables or payables from its related parties that were not assumed by Lantronix have been recorded in stockholders’ equity as, pursuant to the Share Purchase Agreement, these balances will not be settled by Lantronix or Maestro subsequent to the acquisition date and as such, do not represent assets or liabilities of either Lantronix or Maestro.

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations gives effect to the acquisition of Maestro as if it had occurred on July 1, 2018, by combining Lantronix’s consolidated statement of operations for the twelve months ended June 30, 2019, with Maestro’s unaudited combined statement of operations data for the twelve months ended June 30, 2019. Maestro has a December 31, 2018 fiscal year end, which differs from Lantronix’s fiscal year end. Accordingly, for purposes of the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations, the historical Maestro amounts combine Maestro’s historical statement of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 with the statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2018 and subtracting the statement of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information and related notes present the historical financial information of Lantronix and Maestro adjusted to give pro forma effect to events that are (1) directly attributable to the acquisitions, (2) factually supportable, and (3) with respect to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations, expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results. These unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements should be read in conjunction with the historical consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the annual, quarterly and other reports filed by Lantronix with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

The pro forma information presented is for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the financial position or results of operations that would have been realized if the acquisitions had been completed on the dates indicated, nor is it indicative of future operating results or financial position. The pro forma adjustments represent Lantronix’s management’s best estimate and are based upon currently available information and certain assumptions that Lantronix believes are reasonable under the circumstances. The final valuation may materially change the allocation of the purchase consideration, which could materially affect the fair values assigned to the assets and liabilities and could result in a material change to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information. Refer to footnote 1 to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information for more information on the basis of preparation.

 

 

 

 

 

 1 
 

 

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED BALANCE SHEET

AS OF JUNE 30, 2019

(In thousands)

 

 

   Lantronix   Maestro   Pro Forma      Pro Forma 
   Historical   Historical   Adjustments      Combined 
Assets                       
Current Assets:                       
Cash and cash equivalents  $18,282   $203   $(5,355)  2(a)  $13,130 
Accounts receivable, net   7,388    1,568           8,956 
Inventories, net   10,509    1,563    171   2(b)   12,243 
Contract manufacturers' receivable   1,324               1,324 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   687    196           883 
Total current assets   38,190    3,530    (5,184)      36,536 
                        
Property and equipment, net   1,199    108           1,307 
Goodwill   9,488        1,286   2(c)   10,774 
Purchased intangible assets, net       3    3,207   2(d)   3,210 
Other assets   67    20           87 
Total assets  $48,944   $3,661   $(691)     $51,914 
                        
Liabilities and stockholders' equity                       
Current Liabilities:                       
Accounts payable  $4,716   $1,523   $      $6,239 
Other current liabilities   6,756    1,477    (80)  2(e)   8,153 
Total current liabilities   11,472    3,000    (80)      14,392 
Non-current liabilities   206    50           256 
Total liabilities   11,678    3,050    (80)      14,648 
                        
Stockholders' equity:                       
Common stock   2    1    (1)  2(f)   2 
Additional paid-in capital   226,274    7,954    (7,954)  2(f)   226,274 
Accumulated deficit   (189,381)   (7,344)   7,344   2(f)   (189,381)
Accumulated other comprehensive income   371               371 
Total stockholders' equity   37,266    611    (611)      37,266 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $48,944   $3,661   $(691)     $51,914 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 2 
 

 

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2019

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

 

   Lantronix   Maestro   Pro Forma      Pro Forma 
   Historical   Historical   Adjustments      Combined 
Net revenue  $46,890   $10,583   $      $57,473 
Cost of revenue   20,617    6,024           26,641 
Gross profit   26,273    4,559           30,832 
Operating expenses:                       
Selling, general and administrative   15,851    4,275           20,126 
Research and development   9,079    1,067           10,146 
Restructuring, severance and related charges   1,146    93           1,239 
Acquisition-related costs   410        (410)  2(g)    
Amortization of purchased intangibles assets       34    1,202   2(d)   1,202 
Impairment of long-lived asset   275        (34)  2(h)   275 
Total operating expenses   26,761    5,468    758       32,988 
(Loss) from operations   (488)   (909)   (758)      (2,156)
Interest income (expense), net   236        (91)  2(i)   145 
Other income (expense), net   (15)   23           8 
(Loss) before income taxes   (267)   (887)   (849)      (2,003)
Provision for income taxes   141    10       2(j)   151 
Net (loss) and comprehensive (loss)  $(408)  $(896)  $(849)     $(2,154)
                        
Net (loss) per share - basic and diluted  $(0.02)               $(0.10)
                        
Weighted-average common shares - basic and diluted   21,580                 21,580 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 3 
 


NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

1.Basis of Presentation

 

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information was prepared using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 805, Business Combinations, with Lantronix being the accounting acquirer, and uses the fair value concepts defined in ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, and was based on the historical consolidated financial statements of Lantronix and Maestro.

 

Under ASC Topic 805, all the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination are recognized at their assumed acquisition-date fair value, while acquisition-related costs and restructuring costs associated with the business combination are expensed as incurred. The excess of the acquisition consideration over the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, if any, is allocated to goodwill.

 

The allocation of the purchase consideration depends upon certain estimates and assumptions, all of which are preliminary. The allocation of the purchase consideration has been made for the purpose of developing the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information. Fair value of Maestro’s identifiable intangible assets and the estimated amortization periods are based primarily on preliminary information and assumptions likely will change, as Lantronix completes a valuation of Maestro’s identifiable assets.

 

A final determination of fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed could differ materially from the preliminary allocation of purchase consideration. This final valuation will be based on the actual net tangible and intangible assets of the business acquired existing as of the assumed closing date. The final valuation may materially change the allocation of purchase consideration, which could materially affect the fair values assigned to the assets and liabilities and could result in a material change to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information.

 

The pro forma adjustments represent Lantronix management’s best estimate and are based upon currently available information and certain assumptions that Lantronix believes are reasonable under the circumstances. Lantronix is not aware of any material transactions between Lantronix and Maestro during the periods presented; hence adjustments have not been reflected in the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information for any such transaction.

 

After consummation of the combination with Maestro, Lantronix is performing a comprehensive review of Maestro’s accounting policies. As a result of the review, Lantronix may identify differences between the accounting policies of the two companies which, when conformed, could have a material impact on the combined financial statements. Based on its initial analysis, Lantronix is not aware of any differences that would have a material impact on the combined financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 4 
 

 

2.Pro Forma Adjustments

 

The total estimated consideration as shown in the table below is allocated to Maestro tangible and intangible assets and liabilities based on their preliminary estimated fair values as of the assumed acquisition date (amounts in thousands):

 

Consideration:    
Cash  $5,355(a)
      
Preliminary allocation of consideration:     
Book value of Maestro net assets as of the pro forma acquisition date  $611 
Adjustments to historical net book value:     
Inventories   171(b)
Identifiable intangible assets   3,207(d)
Deferred revenue   80(e)
Adjusted book value of Maestro net assets as of the pro forma acquisition date  $4,069 
      
Adjustment to goodwill  $1,286(c)

 

(a)Amount represents cash consideration paid for all the equity interest of Maestro.

 

(b)Amount represents the adjustment to state inventories acquired as of the pro forma acquisition date to estimated fair value, less cost to sell.

 

(c)Goodwill is calculated as the difference between the assumed acquisition date fair value of the consideration to be paid and the estimated values assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Goodwill is not amortized and instead will be tested for impairment at least annually and whenever events or circumstances occur that may indicate a possible impairment. The factors that contributed to a purchase consideration resulting in the recognition of goodwill include Lantronix’s belief the merger will create a more diverse company with additional technologies that will enable the combined company to expand its product offerings and Lantronix’s belief that the combined company is committed to improving cost structures and combined efforts after the merger should result in a realization of cost savings and an improvement in overall efficiencies.

 

(d)The preliminary fair value and allocation of identifiable intangible assets and their estimated useful lives are as follows (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 5 
 

 

           Incremental Amortization Expense for the Year Ended June 30, 2019 
   Preliminary Estimated Asset Fair Value   Weighted Average Useful Life (Years)   Based on the Preliminary Allocation of Identifiable Intangible Assets   Effect of a 10% Increase to the Preliminary Allocation   Effect of a 10% Decrease to the Weighted Average Useful Life 
Developed technology  $1,910    5   $352   $35   $39 
Customer relationship   870    2    435    44    48 
Order backlog   260    1    260    26    29 
Trade name   140    1    140    14    16 
Non-compete agreements   30    2    15    2    2 
   $3,210        $1,202   $121   $134 
Less: Intangible assets, net, reported on Maestro's historical balance sheet   3                     
Pro-forma adjustment  $3,207                     

 

Amortization related to the fair value of the finite-lived identifiable intangible assets has been reflected as pro forma adjustments to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations. Lantronix made preliminary assumptions with respect to the fair value of Maestro’s finite-lived identifiable intangible assets and the estimated amortization periods. These assumptions likely will change as Lantronix completes, with the assistance of a third-party appraiser, a valuation of Maestro’s identifiable intangible assets.

 

The amortization period for each finite-lived intangible asset is estimated based on analyses of the expected cash flows generated by each respective intangible asset. Until the Maestro acquisition closed on July 5, 2019, Lantronix did not have access to certain of Maestro’s management and further information on intangible assets. Further, there were significant limitations regarding what Lantronix learned about the specifics of Maestro’s intangible assets. Complete analyses may take several months to complete after the closing of the merger. Lantronix does not, on the date hereof, have sufficient information as to the amount, timing and risk of cash flows of all these intangible assets. Some of the more significant assumptions inherent in the development of intangible asset values and the amortization period estimates, from the perspective of a market participant, include: the amount and timing of projected future cash flows (including revenue, cost of sales, research and development costs, sales and marketing expenses, and working capital/​contributory asset charges), effect from Maestro’s existing royalty and other arrangements, the discount rate selected to measure the risks inherent in the future cash flows, and the assessment of the asset’s life cycle and the competitive trends impacting the asset, as well as other factors.

 

An increase or decrease of 10% of the preliminary estimated fair value of finite-lived identifiable intangible assets, or approximately $321,000, is reasonably possible. A fair value increase or decrease of this magnitude would also result in corresponding increase or decrease to goodwill.

 

(e)Amount represents the adjustment to state deferred revenue at fair value.

 

(f)Amounts represent the elimination of Maestro’s historical equity accounts.

 

(g)Amounts on the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations represent pro forma adjustments to reverse acquisition-related costs which are not expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results. Acquisition-related costs consist primarily of consulting, due diligence, and legal fees paid in connection with the acquisition.

 

(h)Amount represents the elimination of amortization expense recorded in Maestro's historical statement of operations.

 

(i)Amount represents foregone interest income calculated based upon the purchase consideration and an estimated interest rate of 1.7% earned on Lantronix’s cash and cash equivalents.

 

(j)Due to valuation allowances on Lantronix’s net deferred tax assets, the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statement of operations does not reflect a statutory rate income tax adjustment for pro forma purposes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 6 

 

Additional Files
FileSequenceDescriptionTypeSize
0001683168-19-003004.txt   Complete submission text file   970893

© 2019 SEC.report
SEC CFR Title 17 of the Code of Federal Regulations.